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Title: Systems and processes for conversion of ethylene feedstocks to hydrocarbon fuels

Abstract

Systems, processes, and catalysts are disclosed for obtaining fuels and fuel blends containing selected ratios of open-chain and closed-chain fuel-range hydrocarbons suitable for production of alternate fuels including gasolines, jet fuels, and diesel fuels. Fuel-range hydrocarbons may be derived from ethylene-containing feedstocks and ethanol-containing feedstocks.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1399257
Patent Number(s):
9,771,533
Application Number:
14/528,185
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute PNNL
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Oct 30
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS

Citation Formats

Lilga, Michael A., Hallen, Richard T., Albrecht, Karl O., Cooper, Alan R., Frye, John G., and Ramasamy, Karthikeyan Kallupalayam. Systems and processes for conversion of ethylene feedstocks to hydrocarbon fuels. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Lilga, Michael A., Hallen, Richard T., Albrecht, Karl O., Cooper, Alan R., Frye, John G., & Ramasamy, Karthikeyan Kallupalayam. Systems and processes for conversion of ethylene feedstocks to hydrocarbon fuels. United States.
Lilga, Michael A., Hallen, Richard T., Albrecht, Karl O., Cooper, Alan R., Frye, John G., and Ramasamy, Karthikeyan Kallupalayam. Tue . "Systems and processes for conversion of ethylene feedstocks to hydrocarbon fuels". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1399257.
@article{osti_1399257,
title = {Systems and processes for conversion of ethylene feedstocks to hydrocarbon fuels},
author = {Lilga, Michael A. and Hallen, Richard T. and Albrecht, Karl O. and Cooper, Alan R. and Frye, John G. and Ramasamy, Karthikeyan Kallupalayam},
abstractNote = {Systems, processes, and catalysts are disclosed for obtaining fuels and fuel blends containing selected ratios of open-chain and closed-chain fuel-range hydrocarbons suitable for production of alternate fuels including gasolines, jet fuels, and diesel fuels. Fuel-range hydrocarbons may be derived from ethylene-containing feedstocks and ethanol-containing feedstocks.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Sep 26 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Sep 26 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Patent:

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  • Systems, processes, and catalysts are disclosed for obtaining fuel and fuel blends containing selected ratios of open-chain and closed-chain fuel-range hydrocarbons suitable for production of alternate fuels including gasolines, jet fuels, and diesel fuels. Fuel-range hydrocarbons may be derived from ethylene-containing feedstocks and ethanol-containing feedstocks.
  • Systems, processes, and catalysts are disclosed for obtaining fuel and fuel blends containing selected ratios of open-chain and closed-chain fuel-range hydrocarbons suitable for production of alternate fuels including gasolines, jet fuels, and diesel fuels. Fuel-range hydrocarbons may be derived from ethylene-containing feedstocks and ethanol-containing feedstocks.
  • Described is a method to make liquid chemicals, such as functional intermediates, solvents, and liquid fuels from biomass-derived cellulose. The method is cascading; the product stream from an upstream reaction can be used as the feedstock in the next downstream reaction. The method includes the steps of deconstructing cellulose to yield a product mixture comprising levulinic acid and formic acid, converting the levulinic acid to .gamma.-valerolactone, and converting the .gamma.-valerolactone to pentanoic acid. Alternatively, the .gamma.-valerolactone can be converted to a mixture of n-butenes. The pentanoic acid so formed can be further reacted to yield a host of valuable products.more » For example, the pentanoic acid can be decarboxylated yield 1-butene or ketonized to yield 5-nonanone. The 5-nonanone can be hydrodeoxygenated to yield nonane, or 5-nonanone can be reduced to yield 5-nonanol. The 5-nonanol can be dehydrated to yield nonene, which can be dimerized to yield a mixture of C.sub.9 and C.sub.18 olefins, which can be hydrogenated to yield a mixture of alkanes. Alternatively, the nonene may be isomerized to yield a mixture of branched olefins, which can be hydrogenated to yield a mixture of branched alkanes. The mixture of n-butenes formed from .gamma.-valerolactone can also be subjected to isomerization and oligomerization to yield olefins in the gasoline, jet and Diesel fuel ranges.« less
  • Described is a method to make liquid chemicals. The method includes deconstructing cellulose to yield a product mixture comprising levulinic acid and formic acid, converting the levulinic acid to .gamma.-valerolactone, and converting the .gamma.-valerolactone to pentanoic acid. Alternatively, the .gamma.-valerolactone can be conveted to a mixture of n-butenes. The pentanoic acid can be decarboxylated yield 1-butene or ketonized to yield 5-nonanone. The 5-nonanone can be hydrodeoxygenated to yield nonane, or 5-nonanone can be reduced to yield 5-nonanol. The 5-nonanol can be dehydrated to yield nonene, which can be dimerized to yield a mixture of C.sub.9 and C.sub.18 olefins, which canmore » be hydrogenated to yield a mixture of alkanes.« less
  • Described is a method to make liquid chemicals. The method includes deconstructing cellulose to yield a product mixture comprising levulinic acid and formic acid, converting the levulinic acid to .gamma.-valerolactone, and converting the .gamma.-valerolactone to pentanoic acid. Alternatively, the .gamma.-valerolactone can be converted to a mixture of n-butenes. The pentanoic acid can be decarboxylated yield 1-butene or ketonized to yield 5-nonanone. The 5-nonanone can be hydrodeoxygenated to yield nonane, or 5-nonanone can be reduced to yield 5-nonanol. The 5-nonanol can be dehydrated to yield nonene, which can be dimerized to yield a mixture of C.sub.9 and C.sub.18 olefins, which canmore » be hydrogenated to yield a mixture of alkanes.« less