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Title: 3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities with a massively parallel simulation suite

Abstract

Radiofrequency cavities based on superconducting technology are widely used in particle accelerators for various applications. The cavities usually have high quality factors and hence narrow bandwidths, so the field stability is sensitive to detuning from the Lorentz force and external loads, including vibrations and helium pressure variations. If not properly controlled, the detuning can result in a serious performance degradation of a superconducting accelerator, so an understanding of the underlying detuning mechanisms can be very helpful. Recent advances in the simulation suite ace3p have enabled realistic multiphysics characterization of such complex accelerator systems on supercomputers. In this paper, we present the new capabilities in ace3p for large-scale 3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities, in particular, a parallel eigensolver for determining mechanical resonances, a parallel harmonic response solver to calculate the response of a cavity to external vibrations, and a numerical procedure to decompose mechanical loads, such as from the Lorentz force or piezoactuators, into the corresponding mechanical modes. These capabilities have been used to do an extensive rf-mechanical analysis of dressed TESLA-type superconducting cavities. Furthermore, the simulation results and their implications for the operational stability of the Linac Coherent Light Source-II are discussed.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1398830
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1408229
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9888
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Kononenko, Oleksiy, Adolphsen, Chris, Li, Zenghai, Ng, Cho -Kuen, and Rivetta, Claudio. 3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities with a massively parallel simulation suite. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.102001.
Kononenko, Oleksiy, Adolphsen, Chris, Li, Zenghai, Ng, Cho -Kuen, & Rivetta, Claudio. 3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities with a massively parallel simulation suite. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.102001.
Kononenko, Oleksiy, Adolphsen, Chris, Li, Zenghai, Ng, Cho -Kuen, and Rivetta, Claudio. Tue . "3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities with a massively parallel simulation suite". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.102001.
@article{osti_1398830,
title = {3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities with a massively parallel simulation suite},
author = {Kononenko, Oleksiy and Adolphsen, Chris and Li, Zenghai and Ng, Cho -Kuen and Rivetta, Claudio},
abstractNote = {Radiofrequency cavities based on superconducting technology are widely used in particle accelerators for various applications. The cavities usually have high quality factors and hence narrow bandwidths, so the field stability is sensitive to detuning from the Lorentz force and external loads, including vibrations and helium pressure variations. If not properly controlled, the detuning can result in a serious performance degradation of a superconducting accelerator, so an understanding of the underlying detuning mechanisms can be very helpful. Recent advances in the simulation suite ace3p have enabled realistic multiphysics characterization of such complex accelerator systems on supercomputers. In this paper, we present the new capabilities in ace3p for large-scale 3D multiphysics modeling of superconducting cavities, in particular, a parallel eigensolver for determining mechanical resonances, a parallel harmonic response solver to calculate the response of a cavity to external vibrations, and a numerical procedure to decompose mechanical loads, such as from the Lorentz force or piezoactuators, into the corresponding mechanical modes. These capabilities have been used to do an extensive rf-mechanical analysis of dressed TESLA-type superconducting cavities. Furthermore, the simulation results and their implications for the operational stability of the Linac Coherent Light Source-II are discussed.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.102001},
journal = {Physical Review Accelerators and Beams},
number = 10,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Oct 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Oct 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.102001

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