skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Radio detection of air showers with the ARIANNA experiment on the Ross Ice Shelf

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1398610
Grant/Contract Number:
AC-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-10-07 04:01:23; Journal ID: ISSN 0927-6505
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Barwick, S. W., Besson, D. Z., Burgman, A., Chiem, E., Hallgren, A., Hanson, J. C., Klein, S. R., Kleinfelder, S. A., Nelles, A., Persichilli, C., Phillips, S., Prakash, T., Reed, C., Shively, S. R., Tatar, J., Unger, E., Walker, J., and Yodh, G. Radio detection of air showers with the ARIANNA experiment on the Ross Ice Shelf. Netherlands: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2017.02.003.
Barwick, S. W., Besson, D. Z., Burgman, A., Chiem, E., Hallgren, A., Hanson, J. C., Klein, S. R., Kleinfelder, S. A., Nelles, A., Persichilli, C., Phillips, S., Prakash, T., Reed, C., Shively, S. R., Tatar, J., Unger, E., Walker, J., & Yodh, G. Radio detection of air showers with the ARIANNA experiment on the Ross Ice Shelf. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2017.02.003.
Barwick, S. W., Besson, D. Z., Burgman, A., Chiem, E., Hallgren, A., Hanson, J. C., Klein, S. R., Kleinfelder, S. A., Nelles, A., Persichilli, C., Phillips, S., Prakash, T., Reed, C., Shively, S. R., Tatar, J., Unger, E., Walker, J., and Yodh, G. Sat . "Radio detection of air showers with the ARIANNA experiment on the Ross Ice Shelf". Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2017.02.003.
@article{osti_1398610,
title = {Radio detection of air showers with the ARIANNA experiment on the Ross Ice Shelf},
author = {Barwick, S. W. and Besson, D. Z. and Burgman, A. and Chiem, E. and Hallgren, A. and Hanson, J. C. and Klein, S. R. and Kleinfelder, S. A. and Nelles, A. and Persichilli, C. and Phillips, S. and Prakash, T. and Reed, C. and Shively, S. R. and Tatar, J. and Unger, E. and Walker, J. and Yodh, G.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.astropartphys.2017.02.003},
journal = {Astroparticle Physics},
number = C,
volume = 90,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2017.02.003

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:
  • A one-year (1988) statistical study of mesoscale cyclogenesis near Terra Nova Bay and Byrd Glacier, Antarctica, was conducted using high-resolution digital satellite imagery and automatic weather station data. Results indicate that on average two (one) mesoscale cyclones form near Terra Nova Bay (Byrd Glacier) each week, confirming these two locations as mesoscale cyclogeneis areas. The maximum (minimum) weekly frequency of mesoscale cyclones occurred during the summer (winter). The satellite survey of mesoscale vortices was extended over the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf. Results suggest southern Marie Byrd Land as another area of mesoscale cyclone formation. Also, frequent mesoscale cyclonicmore » activity was noted over the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf, where, on average, six and three mesoscale vortices were observed each week, respectively, with maximum (minimum) frequency during summer (winter) in both regions. The majority (70-80%) of the vortices were of comma-cloud type and were shallow. Only around 10% of the vortices near Terra Nova Bay and Byrd Glacier were classified as deep vortices, while over the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf around 20% were found to be deep. The average large-scale pattern associated with cyclogenesis days near Terra Nova Bay suggests a slight decrease in the sea level pressure and 500-hPa geopotential height to the northwest of this area with respect to the annual average. This may be an indication of the average position of synoptic-scale cyclones entering the Ross Sea region. Comparison with a similar study but for 1984-85 shows that the overall mesoscale cyclogenesis activity was similar during the three years, but 1985 was found to be the year with greater occurrence of {open_quotes}significant{close_quotes} mesoscales cyclones. The large-scale pattern indicates that this greater activity is related to a deeper circumpolar trough and 500-hPa polar vortex for 1985 in comparison to 1984 and 1988. 64 refs., 13 figs., 5 tabs.« less
  • An annual cycle of shelf water temperatures and salinities measured at depth near the eastern Ross Ice Shelf front is used to force a two-dimensional thermohaline circulation model adapted to different subice paths in the vicinity of Roosevelt Island. These paths were assumed to have constant water column thicknesses of 160, 200, and 240 m and lengths of 460-800 km. Additional simulations with the longer cavity included a 80-m thick interior water column in order to approximate conditions closer to the grounding line. Model results were compared with other long-term measurements that showed outflow from beneath the ice shelf. Shelfmore » water flowing into the cavity west of Roosevelt Island appears to follow a cyclonic route around the island. The ice shelf base loses mass at a rate of 18-27 cm yr{sup {minus}1}, with seasonal forcing increasing the spatial and temporal variability of circulation and property distributions in the larger cavities. Shallow cavities reduce the influence of shelf water variability with increasing length. Introducing a transient shelf water temperature rise of 0.01{degrees}C yr {sup {minus}1} for 100 years increases the melt rate by 4-5 times. However, this increase is smaller if salinity also decreases over the same period of time, as might be expected from the added meltwater component. 42 refs., 9 figs.« less
  • Williams Field provides logistical support to McMurdo Station in Antarctica and managers large amounts of fuel for their cargo planes. Numerous spills have occurred at this site with little recovery or remediation of the spilled fuel. From 1980 to 1989, approximately 380,000 liters (L) leaked during documented fuel spills-197,600 L of that total came from one spill alone, in October of 1989, when fuel leaked onto the ice at Williams Field. An additional 20 spills of unknown quantities have also occurred at McMurdo Station and Williams Field. Although recent improvements in equipment and procedures in Antarctica have significantly reduced themore » accidental release of fuel and all but eliminated the risk of a large fuel spill, the potential for small releases still exists. To track the movement of fuel spills on the ice shelf more accurately and to established the basis for remediation methods NSF funded a 3-year study. This article discusses information obtained about the movement of fuel from a small oil spill from a flexible pipeline between McMurdo Station and Williams Field on the Ross Ice Shelf. 1 fig., 1 tab.« less