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Title: Advances in Plant ER Architecture and Dynamics

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1398525
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-91ER20021; MCB 1714561
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Plant Physiology (Bethesda)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Plant Physiology (Bethesda); Journal Volume: 176; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2018-01-12 13:55:35; Journal ID: ISSN 0032-0889
Publisher:
American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Stefano, Giovanni, and Brandizzi, Federica. Advances in Plant ER Architecture and Dynamics. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1104/pp.17.01261.
Stefano, Giovanni, & Brandizzi, Federica. Advances in Plant ER Architecture and Dynamics. United States. doi:10.1104/pp.17.01261.
Stefano, Giovanni, and Brandizzi, Federica. 2017. "Advances in Plant ER Architecture and Dynamics". United States. doi:10.1104/pp.17.01261.
@article{osti_1398525,
title = {Advances in Plant ER Architecture and Dynamics},
author = {Stefano, Giovanni and Brandizzi, Federica},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1104/pp.17.01261},
journal = {Plant Physiology (Bethesda)},
number = 1,
volume = 176,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month =
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on January 1, 2019
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  • A new mater station architecture, based on the open systems concept, has arisen since the IEEE Tutorial, Fundamentals of Supervisory Systems, was written in 1990. The new master station architecture is now widely employed by the industry's vendors and has salient characteristics that can be summarized as follows: Industry standard hardware is used to the greatest extent practical; Industry standard software is used to the greatest extent practical; A network of computers is accepted as the basic paradigm; Configurations exploiting the above characteristics are favored; Configurations based on proprietary hardware are avoided. An illustration of a system following the newmore » master station architecture is provided. This article explains why the change occurred, details major characteristics of the new architecture, and speculates on the effects the new architecture will have on the three major industry participants: utilities (buyers) purchasing the systems, contractors (sellers) building the systems, and consultants assisting in system procurement.« less
  • The 1950s and 1960s were characterized by the development and introduction of instrumental procedures for analysis. UKhIN developed photocolorimetric procedures for monitoring the performance of sulfur removal and dephenolization equipment, determining the HCN contents of gases, determining nitrous oxide in gas for synthesis and determining polysulfide sulfur in the absorbent solutions from sodium thiocyanate equipment. The GOST standard on benzene hydrocarbons was supplemented by photocolorimetric procedures for determining the color indices of sulfuric acid, carbon disulfide and thiophen. Potentiometric procedures are used for the quality control of absorbent solutions in sulfur removal and sodium thiocyanate sections and rapid procedures havemore » been proposed for the analysis of pyridine bases, phenolates and ammonium sulfate acidity. The development and introduction of the complexometric procedure gave speedier and more accurate results in the determination of ferrocyanides, sulfates, and total sulfur contents in absorbent solutions used in sulfur-removal shops and sodium thiocyanate sections. The analytical standards for product quality monitoring and process control were significantly raised by the introduction of gas chromatography, in 1960 to insestigate and develop the catalytic hydrorefining of crude benzol fractions. The range of applications for chromatographic separation has subsequently widened, from the examination of complex mixtures of various classes of coke-oven products boiling up to 520/sup 0/C, using capillary columns 0.25 mm in diameter, to the commercial preparation of pure substancs in columns up to 200 mm in diameter. UKhIN efforts to standardize the terminology, procedures and methods of chromatography enabled research and plant workers to evolve a uniform technical language and a common procedural approach to chromatographic analysis.« less
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