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Title: Sugar Blowing-Induced Porous Cobalt Phosphide/Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructures with Enhanced Electrochemical Oxidation Performance toward Water and Other Small Molecules

Abstract

Finely controlled synthesis of high active and robust nonprecious metal catalysts with excellent catalytic efficiency in oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is extremely vital for making the water splitting process more energy-efficient and economical. Among these noble metal-free catalysts, transition-metal-based nanomaterials are considered as one of the most promising OER catalysts due to their relatively low-cost intrinsic activities, high abundance and diversity in terms of structure and morphology. In this work, we reported a facile sugar-blowing technique and low-temperature phosphorization to generate 3D self-supported metal involved carbon nanostructures, which termed as Co2P@Co/nitrogen-doped carbon (Co2P@Co/N-C). By capitalizing on the 3D porous nanostructures with high surface area, generously dispersed active sites, the intimate interaction between active sites and 3D N-doped carbon, the resultant Co2P@Co/N-C exhibited satisfying OER performance superior to CoO@Co/N-C, delivering 10 mA cm-2 at overpotential of 0.32 V. It is noting that in contrast to the substantial current density loss of RuO2, Co2P@Co/N-C showed much enhanced catalytic activity during the stability test and the 1.8-fold increase in current density was observed after stability test. Furthermore, the obtained Co2P@Co/N-C can also be served as an excellent nonprecious metal catalyst for methanol and glucose electrooxidation in alkaline media, further extending their potential applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164 USA
  2. Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352 USA
  3. Energy and Environmental Directory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352 USA
  4. The Gene and Linda Voiland School of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1398227
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123210
Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810; 48920; KP1704020
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Small
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 33; Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Zhu, Chengzhou, Fu, Shaofang, Xu, Bo Z., Song, Junhua, Shi, Qiurong, Engelhard, Mark H., Li, Xiaolin, Beckman, Scott P., Sun, Junming, Du, Dan, and Lin, Yuehe. Sugar Blowing-Induced Porous Cobalt Phosphide/Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructures with Enhanced Electrochemical Oxidation Performance toward Water and Other Small Molecules. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/smll.201700796.
Zhu, Chengzhou, Fu, Shaofang, Xu, Bo Z., Song, Junhua, Shi, Qiurong, Engelhard, Mark H., Li, Xiaolin, Beckman, Scott P., Sun, Junming, Du, Dan, & Lin, Yuehe. Sugar Blowing-Induced Porous Cobalt Phosphide/Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructures with Enhanced Electrochemical Oxidation Performance toward Water and Other Small Molecules. United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201700796.
Zhu, Chengzhou, Fu, Shaofang, Xu, Bo Z., Song, Junhua, Shi, Qiurong, Engelhard, Mark H., Li, Xiaolin, Beckman, Scott P., Sun, Junming, Du, Dan, and Lin, Yuehe. Wed . "Sugar Blowing-Induced Porous Cobalt Phosphide/Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructures with Enhanced Electrochemical Oxidation Performance toward Water and Other Small Molecules". United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201700796.
@article{osti_1398227,
title = {Sugar Blowing-Induced Porous Cobalt Phosphide/Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructures with Enhanced Electrochemical Oxidation Performance toward Water and Other Small Molecules},
author = {Zhu, Chengzhou and Fu, Shaofang and Xu, Bo Z. and Song, Junhua and Shi, Qiurong and Engelhard, Mark H. and Li, Xiaolin and Beckman, Scott P. and Sun, Junming and Du, Dan and Lin, Yuehe},
abstractNote = {Finely controlled synthesis of high active and robust nonprecious metal catalysts with excellent catalytic efficiency in oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is extremely vital for making the water splitting process more energy-efficient and economical. Among these noble metal-free catalysts, transition-metal-based nanomaterials are considered as one of the most promising OER catalysts due to their relatively low-cost intrinsic activities, high abundance and diversity in terms of structure and morphology. In this work, we reported a facile sugar-blowing technique and low-temperature phosphorization to generate 3D self-supported metal involved carbon nanostructures, which termed as Co2P@Co/nitrogen-doped carbon (Co2P@Co/N-C). By capitalizing on the 3D porous nanostructures with high surface area, generously dispersed active sites, the intimate interaction between active sites and 3D N-doped carbon, the resultant Co2P@Co/N-C exhibited satisfying OER performance superior to CoO@Co/N-C, delivering 10 mA cm-2 at overpotential of 0.32 V. It is noting that in contrast to the substantial current density loss of RuO2, Co2P@Co/N-C showed much enhanced catalytic activity during the stability test and the 1.8-fold increase in current density was observed after stability test. Furthermore, the obtained Co2P@Co/N-C can also be served as an excellent nonprecious metal catalyst for methanol and glucose electrooxidation in alkaline media, further extending their potential applications.},
doi = {10.1002/smll.201700796},
journal = {Small},
issn = {1613-6810},
number = 33,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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