skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Handheld solar light use, durability, and retention among women and girls in internally displaced persons camps in Haiti — 2013–2014

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1397452
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-10-04 21:18:21; Journal ID: ISSN 2212-4209
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Dynes, Michelle, Rosenthal, Mariana, Hulland, Erin, Hardy, Colleen, Torre, Lisandro, and Tomczyk, Barbara. Handheld solar light use, durability, and retention among women and girls in internally displaced persons camps in Haiti — 2013–2014. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.04.016.
Dynes, Michelle, Rosenthal, Mariana, Hulland, Erin, Hardy, Colleen, Torre, Lisandro, & Tomczyk, Barbara. Handheld solar light use, durability, and retention among women and girls in internally displaced persons camps in Haiti — 2013–2014. Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.04.016.
Dynes, Michelle, Rosenthal, Mariana, Hulland, Erin, Hardy, Colleen, Torre, Lisandro, and Tomczyk, Barbara. 2016. "Handheld solar light use, durability, and retention among women and girls in internally displaced persons camps in Haiti — 2013–2014". Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.04.016.
@article{osti_1397452,
title = {Handheld solar light use, durability, and retention among women and girls in internally displaced persons camps in Haiti — 2013–2014},
author = {Dynes, Michelle and Rosenthal, Mariana and Hulland, Erin and Hardy, Colleen and Torre, Lisandro and Tomczyk, Barbara},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.04.016},
journal = {International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction},
number = C,
volume = 18,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.04.016

Save / Share:
  • Data from a previous study of the cytogenetic effects, in cultured lymphocytes, of exposure to the atomic bomb in Hiroshima have been reanalyzed to determine the relationship between the occurrence of rogue cells in an individual and the frequency of simple chromosomal damage in the nonrogue cells of the same individual. Rogue cells are cells with complex chromosomal damage, currently believed to be a manifestation of the activity of a human polyoma virus termed JC. Among a total of 1,835 persons examined, there were 45 exhibiting rogue cells. A total of 179,599 cells were scored for simple chromosomal damage. Inmore » both the exposed and the control populations, there was an absolute increase of {approximately}1.5% in the frequency of simple chromosomal damage in the nonrogue cells of those exhibiting rogue cells, when compared with the frequencies observed in those not exhibiting rogue cells, which is a statistically significant difference. It is argued that this phenomenon, occurring not only in lymphocytes but possibly also in other cells/tissues, may play a contributory role in the origin of malignancies characterized by clonal chromosome abnormalities. Unexpectedly, among those exhibiting rogue cells, there was a disproportionately greater representation of persons who had received relatively high radiation exposures from the bomb. The reason for this is unclear, but it is tempting to relate the finding to some lingering effect of the exposure (or the circumstances surrounding the exposure) on immunocompetence.« less
  • The prompt use of blocking agents, isotopic dilution or chelating agents can reduce or prevent the uptake of radionuclides following internal contamination. A table of radionuclide contaminants and medications useful in preventing their uptake is provided.
  • Source Philippe (on the island of La Govave, near Haiti) is described in terms of climatic, sociological, agricultural and technical background. Because of drought conditions, it became necessary to develop a solar still to provide the town with sufficient fresh water. The still, which has been in operation since 1969, is described in some detail as is the construction process. Brackish and sea water are used to produce more than 1250 liters of fresh water each day. A windmill is used to pump the brackish water from a well to an elevated storage tank; it flows by gravity to solarmore » still basins where it is vaporized, then condensed on a sloping glass surface and collected. Benefits of the solar still to the town's economy and health are discussed. Cost of the project was $17,000. 10 references. (MJJ)« less
  • In the above paper, an analytical approach including a new solution to the differential diffusion equation in illuminated quasi-neutral regions (QNR) is exploited to calculate the short-circuit current density (J{sub sc}), open-circuit voltage (V{sub oc}), fill factor (FF), and efficiency (η) of light-trapping (LT) c-Si solar cells with a given structure. Comparisons with numerical results calculated by the Silvaco ATLAS device simulator in the same LT cells show that the analytical results are systematically overestimated. According to the authors, the inaccuracies in J{sub sc}, V{sub oc}, and η are due to the fact that assuming ideal collection from space-charge regionmore » (SCR) and using the superposition approximation introduce systematic errors into analytical models. In this comment, an analytical approach using reported solutions to the transport equations in QNR and SCR, where ideal collection from SCR is assumed and the superposition approximation is used, is shown to agree with both the Silvaco and PC1d numerical approaches in calculating J{sub sc}, V{sub oc}, and η, in the same LT devices as considered in the commented paper. Reasons for the inaccuracies detected in the commented paper are suggested.« less
  • Cadmium and zinc concentrations in the urine of 132 Swedes, including 50 pairs of identical twins, were measured. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry procedures were developed for the analysis. Cadmium concentration increased with age and was higher among smokers than among nonsmokers. Estimated 24-hr excretion of cadmium among nonsmokers increased from about 0.25 to 0.40 ..mu..g in persons from 20 to 70 years old. The 24-hr cadmium excretions among nonsmokers in different age-groups fitted better to total kidney burden than to daily cadmium intake from food. Zinc excretion, on the other hand, decreased after the age of 20.