skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nanoporous Cu–Al–Co Alloys for Selective Furfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2-Methylfuran

Abstract

By finding new catalysts for selective and efficient conversion of biomass-derived products to industrially relevant chemicals and fuels, a transition from fossil fuel feedstocks may be achieved. Furfural (C 5H 4O 2) is a platform chemical which may be converted to multiple heterocyclic and ring-opening products, but to date there have been few catalysts which enable selective hydrodeoxygenation to 2-methylfuran (2-MF, C 5H 6O). Here, we present a self-supported nanoporous Cu–Al–Co ternary alloy catalyst with high furfural HDO activity toward 2-MF, achieving up to 66.0% selectivity and 98.2% overall conversion at 513 K with only a ~5 atomic % Co composition. Some further analysis over multiple temperature conditions and nominal Co concentrations was performed to examine optimal conditions and tune catalyst performance, and operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy experiments were conducted to elucidate the structure of the catalyst in the reaction environment.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Center for Catalytic Science and Technology, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  2. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Center for Catalytic Science and Technology, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1397286
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0001004; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research; Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 14
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hutchings, Gregory S., Luc, Wesley, Lu, Qi, Zhou, Yang, Vlachos, Dionisios G., and Jiao, Feng. Nanoporous Cu–Al–Co Alloys for Selective Furfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2-Methylfuran. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00316.
Hutchings, Gregory S., Luc, Wesley, Lu, Qi, Zhou, Yang, Vlachos, Dionisios G., & Jiao, Feng. Nanoporous Cu–Al–Co Alloys for Selective Furfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2-Methylfuran. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00316.
Hutchings, Gregory S., Luc, Wesley, Lu, Qi, Zhou, Yang, Vlachos, Dionisios G., and Jiao, Feng. Fri . "Nanoporous Cu–Al–Co Alloys for Selective Furfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2-Methylfuran". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00316.
@article{osti_1397286,
title = {Nanoporous Cu–Al–Co Alloys for Selective Furfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2-Methylfuran},
author = {Hutchings, Gregory S. and Luc, Wesley and Lu, Qi and Zhou, Yang and Vlachos, Dionisios G. and Jiao, Feng},
abstractNote = {By finding new catalysts for selective and efficient conversion of biomass-derived products to industrially relevant chemicals and fuels, a transition from fossil fuel feedstocks may be achieved. Furfural (C5H4O2) is a platform chemical which may be converted to multiple heterocyclic and ring-opening products, but to date there have been few catalysts which enable selective hydrodeoxygenation to 2-methylfuran (2-MF, C5H6O). Here, we present a self-supported nanoporous Cu–Al–Co ternary alloy catalyst with high furfural HDO activity toward 2-MF, achieving up to 66.0% selectivity and 98.2% overall conversion at 513 K with only a ~5 atomic % Co composition. Some further analysis over multiple temperature conditions and nominal Co concentrations was performed to examine optimal conditions and tune catalyst performance, and operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy experiments were conducted to elucidate the structure of the catalyst in the reaction environment.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00316},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
number = 14,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 17 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Fri Mar 17 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}