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Title: Treatment of a hypersaline brine, extracted from a potential CO 2 sequestration site, and an industrial wastewater by membrane distillation and forward osmosis

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1396382
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Engineering Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 325; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-10-04 16:32:38; Journal ID: ISSN 1385-8947
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Salih, Hafiz H., and Dastgheib, Seyed A. Treatment of a hypersaline brine, extracted from a potential CO 2 sequestration site, and an industrial wastewater by membrane distillation and forward osmosis. Switzerland: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.075.
Salih, Hafiz H., & Dastgheib, Seyed A. Treatment of a hypersaline brine, extracted from a potential CO 2 sequestration site, and an industrial wastewater by membrane distillation and forward osmosis. Switzerland. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.075.
Salih, Hafiz H., and Dastgheib, Seyed A. Sun . "Treatment of a hypersaline brine, extracted from a potential CO 2 sequestration site, and an industrial wastewater by membrane distillation and forward osmosis". Switzerland. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.075.
@article{osti_1396382,
title = {Treatment of a hypersaline brine, extracted from a potential CO 2 sequestration site, and an industrial wastewater by membrane distillation and forward osmosis},
author = {Salih, Hafiz H. and Dastgheib, Seyed A.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.075},
journal = {Chemical Engineering Journal},
number = C,
volume = 325,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.075

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

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  • Brine extraction is a promising strategy for the management of increased reservoir pressure, resulting from carbon dioxide (CO 2) injection in deep saline reservoirs. The extracted brines usually have high concentrations of total dissolved solids (TDS) and various contaminants, and require proper disposal or treatment. In this article, first by conducting a critical review, we evaluate the applicability, limits, and advantages or challenges of various commercially available and emerging desalination technologies that can potentially be employed to treat the highly saline brine (with TDS values >70.000 ppm) and those that are applicable to a ~200,000 ppm TDS brine extracted frommore » the Mt. Simon Sandstone, a potential CO 2 storage site in Illinois, USA. Based on the side-by-side comparison of technologies, evaporators are selected as the most suitable existing technology for treating Mt. Simon brine. Process simulations are then conducted for a conceptual design for desalination of 454 m 3/h (2000 gpm) pretreated brine for near-zero liquid discharge by multi-effect evaporators. In conclusion, the thermal energy demand is estimated at 246kWh perm 3 of recoveredwater, ofwhich 212kWh/m 3 is required for multiple-effect evaporation and the remainder for salt drying. The process also requires additional electrical power of ~2 kWh/m 3.« less
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  • Magnesium hydroxide extracted from magnesium-bearing minerals is considered a promising agent for binding CO{sub 2} as a carbonate mineral in a gas-solid reaction. An efficient extraction route consisting of hydrothermal treatment on serpentine in HCl followed by NaOH titration for Mg(OH){sub 2} precipitation was demonstrated. The extracted Mg(OH){sub 2} powder had a mean crystal domain size as small as 12 nm and an apparent surface area of 54 m{sup 2}/g. Under one atmosphere of 10 vol% CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2}, carbonation of the serpentine-derived Mg(OH){sub 2} to 26% of the stoichiometric limit was achieved at 325{sup o}C in 2 h; whilemore » carbonation of a commercially available Mg(OH){sub 2}, with a mean crystal domain size of 33 nm and an apparent surface area of 3.5 m{sup 2}/g, reached only 9% of the stoichiometric limit. The amount of CO{sub 2} fixation was found to be inversely proportional to the crystal domain size of the Mg(OH){sub 2} specimens. The experimental data strongly suggested that only a monolayer of carbonates was formed on the crystal domain boundary in the gas-solid reaction, with little penetration of the carbonates into the crystal domain. 24 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.« less
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