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Title: Open-Structured V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Nanoflakes as Highly Reversible Cathode Material for Monovalent and Multivalent Intercalation Batteries

Abstract

The high-capacity cathode material V2O5·nH2O has attracted considerable attention for metal ion batteries due to the multielectron redox reaction during electrochemical processes. It has an expanded layer structure, which can host large ions or multivalent ions. However, structural instability and poor electronic and ionic conductivities greatly handicap its application. Here, in cell tests, self-assembly V2O5·nH2O nanoflakes shows excellent electrochemical performance with either monovalent or multivalent cation intercalation. They are directly grown on a 3D conductive stainless steel mesh substrate via a simple and green hydrothermal method. Well-layered nanoflakes are obtained after heat treatment at 300 °C (V2O5·0.3H2O). Nanoflakes with ultrathin flower petals deliver a stable capacity of 250 mA h g-1 in a Li-ion cell, 110 mA h g-1 in a Na-ion cell, and 80 mA h g-1 in an Al-ion cell in their respective potential ranges (2.0–4.0 V for Li and Na-ion batteries and 0.1–2.5 V for Al-ion battery) after 100 cycles.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 China
  2. Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue Lemont IL 60439 USA; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio State University, 100 West 18th Avenue Columbus OH 43210 USA
  3. Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing 100081 China
  4. Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue Lemont IL 60439 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Basic Research Program of China; Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China - New Century Excellent Talents In University Program; USDOE U.S. Department of Energy
OSTI Identifier:
1395834
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Al-ion batteries; Li-ion batteries; Na-ion batteries; V2O5·nH2O nanoflakes

Citation Formats

Wang, Huali, Bi, Xuanxuan, Bai, Ying, Wu, Chuan, Gu, Sichen, Chen, Shi, Wu, Feng, Amine, Khalil, and Lu, Jun. Open-Structured V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Nanoflakes as Highly Reversible Cathode Material for Monovalent and Multivalent Intercalation Batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201602720.
Wang, Huali, Bi, Xuanxuan, Bai, Ying, Wu, Chuan, Gu, Sichen, Chen, Shi, Wu, Feng, Amine, Khalil, & Lu, Jun. Open-Structured V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Nanoflakes as Highly Reversible Cathode Material for Monovalent and Multivalent Intercalation Batteries. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201602720.
Wang, Huali, Bi, Xuanxuan, Bai, Ying, Wu, Chuan, Gu, Sichen, Chen, Shi, Wu, Feng, Amine, Khalil, and Lu, Jun. Fri . "Open-Structured V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Nanoflakes as Highly Reversible Cathode Material for Monovalent and Multivalent Intercalation Batteries". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201602720.
@article{osti_1395834,
title = {Open-Structured V 2 O 5 · n H 2 O Nanoflakes as Highly Reversible Cathode Material for Monovalent and Multivalent Intercalation Batteries},
author = {Wang, Huali and Bi, Xuanxuan and Bai, Ying and Wu, Chuan and Gu, Sichen and Chen, Shi and Wu, Feng and Amine, Khalil and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {The high-capacity cathode material V2O5·nH2O has attracted considerable attention for metal ion batteries due to the multielectron redox reaction during electrochemical processes. It has an expanded layer structure, which can host large ions or multivalent ions. However, structural instability and poor electronic and ionic conductivities greatly handicap its application. Here, in cell tests, self-assembly V2O5·nH2O nanoflakes shows excellent electrochemical performance with either monovalent or multivalent cation intercalation. They are directly grown on a 3D conductive stainless steel mesh substrate via a simple and green hydrothermal method. Well-layered nanoflakes are obtained after heat treatment at 300 °C (V2O5·0.3H2O). Nanoflakes with ultrathin flower petals deliver a stable capacity of 250 mA h g-1 in a Li-ion cell, 110 mA h g-1 in a Na-ion cell, and 80 mA h g-1 in an Al-ion cell in their respective potential ranges (2.0–4.0 V for Li and Na-ion batteries and 0.1–2.5 V for Al-ion battery) after 100 cycles.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201602720},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
issn = {1614-6832},
number = 14,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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