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Title: Large n- and p-type thermoelectric power factors from doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films

Abstract

Lightweight, robust, and flexible single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) materials can be processed inexpensively using solution-based techniques, similar to other organic semiconductors. In contrast to many semiconducting polymers, semiconducting SWCNTs (s-SWCNTs) represent unique one-dimensional organic semiconductors with chemical and physical properties that facilitate equivalent transport of electrons and holes. These factors have driven increasing attention to employing s-SWCNTs for electronic and energy harvesting applications, including thermoelectric (TE) generators. Here we demonstrate a combination of ink chemistry, solid-state polymer removal, and charge-transfer doping strategies that enable unprecedented n-type and p-type TE power factors, in the range of 700 μW m –1 K –2 at 298 K for the same solution-processed highly enriched thin films containing 100% s-SWCNTs. We also demonstrate that the thermal conductivity appears to decrease with decreasing s-SWCNT diameter, leading to a peak material zT ≈ 0.12 for s-SWCNTs with diameters in the range of 1.0 nm. Here, our results indicate that the TE performance of s-SWCNT-only material systems is approaching that of traditional inorganic semiconductors, paving the way for these materials to be used as the primary components for efficient, all-organic TE generators.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); International Thermodyne, Inc., Charlotte, NC (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Denver, Denver, CO (United States)
  4. International Thermodyne, Inc., Charlotte, NC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS) (SC-27)
OSTI Identifier:
1395100
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-68583
Journal ID: ISSN 1754-5692; EESNBY
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy & Environmental Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-5692
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; thin films; single-walled carbon nanotubes; semiconductors

Citation Formats

MacLeod, Bradley A., Stanton, Noah J., Gould, Isaac E., Wesenberg, Devin, Ihly, Rachelle, Owczarczyk, Zbyslaw R., Hurst, Katherine E., Fewox, Christopher S., Folmar, Christopher N., Holman Hughes, Katherine, Zink, Barry L., Blackburn, Jeffrey L., and Ferguson, Andrew J. Large n- and p-type thermoelectric power factors from doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/C7EE01130J.
MacLeod, Bradley A., Stanton, Noah J., Gould, Isaac E., Wesenberg, Devin, Ihly, Rachelle, Owczarczyk, Zbyslaw R., Hurst, Katherine E., Fewox, Christopher S., Folmar, Christopher N., Holman Hughes, Katherine, Zink, Barry L., Blackburn, Jeffrey L., & Ferguson, Andrew J. Large n- and p-type thermoelectric power factors from doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films. United States. doi:10.1039/C7EE01130J.
MacLeod, Bradley A., Stanton, Noah J., Gould, Isaac E., Wesenberg, Devin, Ihly, Rachelle, Owczarczyk, Zbyslaw R., Hurst, Katherine E., Fewox, Christopher S., Folmar, Christopher N., Holman Hughes, Katherine, Zink, Barry L., Blackburn, Jeffrey L., and Ferguson, Andrew J. 2017. "Large n- and p-type thermoelectric power factors from doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films". United States. doi:10.1039/C7EE01130J.
@article{osti_1395100,
title = {Large n- and p-type thermoelectric power factors from doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films},
author = {MacLeod, Bradley A. and Stanton, Noah J. and Gould, Isaac E. and Wesenberg, Devin and Ihly, Rachelle and Owczarczyk, Zbyslaw R. and Hurst, Katherine E. and Fewox, Christopher S. and Folmar, Christopher N. and Holman Hughes, Katherine and Zink, Barry L. and Blackburn, Jeffrey L. and Ferguson, Andrew J.},
abstractNote = {Lightweight, robust, and flexible single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) materials can be processed inexpensively using solution-based techniques, similar to other organic semiconductors. In contrast to many semiconducting polymers, semiconducting SWCNTs (s-SWCNTs) represent unique one-dimensional organic semiconductors with chemical and physical properties that facilitate equivalent transport of electrons and holes. These factors have driven increasing attention to employing s-SWCNTs for electronic and energy harvesting applications, including thermoelectric (TE) generators. Here we demonstrate a combination of ink chemistry, solid-state polymer removal, and charge-transfer doping strategies that enable unprecedented n-type and p-type TE power factors, in the range of 700 μW m–1 K–2 at 298 K for the same solution-processed highly enriched thin films containing 100% s-SWCNTs. We also demonstrate that the thermal conductivity appears to decrease with decreasing s-SWCNT diameter, leading to a peak material zT ≈ 0.12 for s-SWCNTs with diameters in the range of 1.0 nm. Here, our results indicate that the TE performance of s-SWCNT-only material systems is approaching that of traditional inorganic semiconductors, paving the way for these materials to be used as the primary components for efficient, all-organic TE generators.},
doi = {10.1039/C7EE01130J},
journal = {Energy & Environmental Science},
number = 10,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 9
}

Journal Article:
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This content will become publicly available on September 8, 2018
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