skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrated cerium (III) chloride in water and ethanol

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass was decomposed to produce crude bio-oil in water and ethanol using hydrated cerium (III) chloride as a catalyst. Use of the catalyst affected not only the yield of crude bio-oil but also the composition of bio-crude for both water and ethanol. The catalyst had a detrimental effect on the crude bio-oil yields obtained from water processing for all runs. However, in ethanol, use of the catalyst improved the crude bio-oil yields in all tested runs. The solid residue yields decreased with the catalyst use in the runs with water but increased in all studies with ethanol, except those with the shortest tested residence time of 10 min. The highest crude bio-oil yield of 48.2 wt% was obtained at 300 °C using 5 mmol of hydrated cerium (III) chloride at a residence time of 90 min in ethanol. The heating values of the crude bio-oils increased with the catalyst use for both water and ethanol processing. In conclusion, the highest heating value of 33.3 MJ kg –1 was obtained with hydrated cerium (III) chloride at 300 °C and a residence time of 120 min.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Karabuk Univ., Karabuk (Turkey)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1394608
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Catalysis. A, General
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 546; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0926-860X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; Water; Ethanol; Biomass; Conversion; Lewis acids

Citation Formats

Akalin, Mehmet K., Das, Parthapratim, Alper, Koray, Tekin, Kubilay, Ragauskas, Arthur J., and Karagoz, Selhan. Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrated cerium (III) chloride in water and ethanol. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2017.08.010.
Akalin, Mehmet K., Das, Parthapratim, Alper, Koray, Tekin, Kubilay, Ragauskas, Arthur J., & Karagoz, Selhan. Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrated cerium (III) chloride in water and ethanol. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2017.08.010.
Akalin, Mehmet K., Das, Parthapratim, Alper, Koray, Tekin, Kubilay, Ragauskas, Arthur J., and Karagoz, Selhan. Tue . "Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrated cerium (III) chloride in water and ethanol". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2017.08.010.
@article{osti_1394608,
title = {Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrated cerium (III) chloride in water and ethanol},
author = {Akalin, Mehmet K. and Das, Parthapratim and Alper, Koray and Tekin, Kubilay and Ragauskas, Arthur J. and Karagoz, Selhan},
abstractNote = {Lignocellulosic biomass was decomposed to produce crude bio-oil in water and ethanol using hydrated cerium (III) chloride as a catalyst. Use of the catalyst affected not only the yield of crude bio-oil but also the composition of bio-crude for both water and ethanol. The catalyst had a detrimental effect on the crude bio-oil yields obtained from water processing for all runs. However, in ethanol, use of the catalyst improved the crude bio-oil yields in all tested runs. The solid residue yields decreased with the catalyst use in the runs with water but increased in all studies with ethanol, except those with the shortest tested residence time of 10 min. The highest crude bio-oil yield of 48.2 wt% was obtained at 300 °C using 5 mmol of hydrated cerium (III) chloride at a residence time of 90 min in ethanol. The heating values of the crude bio-oils increased with the catalyst use for both water and ethanol processing. In conclusion, the highest heating value of 33.3 MJ kg–1 was obtained with hydrated cerium (III) chloride at 300 °C and a residence time of 120 min.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apcata.2017.08.010},
journal = {Applied Catalysis. A, General},
number = C,
volume = 546,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Aug 08 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Aug 08 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 8, 2018
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: