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Title: A Distal Disulfide Bridge in OXA-1 β-Lactamase Stabilizes the Catalytic Center and Alters the Dynamics of the Specificity Determining Ω Loop

Abstract

Widespread antibiotic resistance, particularly when mediated by broad-spectrum β-lactamases, has major implications for public health. Substitutions in the active site often allow broad-spectrum enzymes to accommodate diverse types of β-lactams. Substitutions observed outside the active site are thought to compensate for the loss of thermal stability. The OXA-1 clade of class D β-lactamases contains a pair of conserved cysteines located outside the active site that forms a disulfide bond in the periplasm. In this paper, the effect of the distal disulfide bond on the structure and dynamics of OXA-1 was investigated via 4 μs molecular dynamics simulations. The results reveal that the disulfide promotes the preorganized orientation of the catalytic residues and affects the conformation of the functionally important Ω loop. Furthermore, principal component analysis reveals differences in the global dynamics between the oxidized and reduced forms, especially in the motions involving the Ω loop. A dynamical network analysis indicates that, in the oxidized form, in addition to its role in ligand binding, the KTG family motif is a central hub of the global dynamics. Finally, as activity of OXA-1 has been measured only in the reduced form, we suggest that accurate assessment of its functional profile would require oxidativemore » conditions mimicking periplasm.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Univ. at Buffalo, NY (United States)
  2. Grand Valley State Univ., Allendale, MI (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Grand Valley State Univ., Allendale, MI (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Inst. of Health (NIH) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1394366
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; P41GM103712-01
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 1520-6106
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Simakov, Nikolay, Leonard, David A., Smith, Jeremy C., Wymore, Troy, and Szarecka, Agnieszka. A Distal Disulfide Bridge in OXA-1 β-Lactamase Stabilizes the Catalytic Center and Alters the Dynamics of the Specificity Determining Ω Loop. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b07884.
Simakov, Nikolay, Leonard, David A., Smith, Jeremy C., Wymore, Troy, & Szarecka, Agnieszka. A Distal Disulfide Bridge in OXA-1 β-Lactamase Stabilizes the Catalytic Center and Alters the Dynamics of the Specificity Determining Ω Loop. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b07884.
Simakov, Nikolay, Leonard, David A., Smith, Jeremy C., Wymore, Troy, and Szarecka, Agnieszka. 2016. "A Distal Disulfide Bridge in OXA-1 β-Lactamase Stabilizes the Catalytic Center and Alters the Dynamics of the Specificity Determining Ω Loop". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b07884. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394366.
@article{osti_1394366,
title = {A Distal Disulfide Bridge in OXA-1 β-Lactamase Stabilizes the Catalytic Center and Alters the Dynamics of the Specificity Determining Ω Loop},
author = {Simakov, Nikolay and Leonard, David A. and Smith, Jeremy C. and Wymore, Troy and Szarecka, Agnieszka},
abstractNote = {Widespread antibiotic resistance, particularly when mediated by broad-spectrum β-lactamases, has major implications for public health. Substitutions in the active site often allow broad-spectrum enzymes to accommodate diverse types of β-lactams. Substitutions observed outside the active site are thought to compensate for the loss of thermal stability. The OXA-1 clade of class D β-lactamases contains a pair of conserved cysteines located outside the active site that forms a disulfide bond in the periplasm. In this paper, the effect of the distal disulfide bond on the structure and dynamics of OXA-1 was investigated via 4 μs molecular dynamics simulations. The results reveal that the disulfide promotes the preorganized orientation of the catalytic residues and affects the conformation of the functionally important Ω loop. Furthermore, principal component analysis reveals differences in the global dynamics between the oxidized and reduced forms, especially in the motions involving the Ω loop. A dynamical network analysis indicates that, in the oxidized form, in addition to its role in ligand binding, the KTG family motif is a central hub of the global dynamics. Finally, as activity of OXA-1 has been measured only in the reduced form, we suggest that accurate assessment of its functional profile would require oxidative conditions mimicking periplasm.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b07884},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical Chemistry},
number = 15,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

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