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Title: Trace-level perchlorate analysis of impacted groundwater by elevated gold ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface-enhanced Raman scattering

Abstract

Perchlorate (ClO 4 -) contamination has received increased attention the past two decades because of health concerns from its impact on thyroid function coupled with its environmental ubiquity and persistence. In this paper, we demonstrate the detection of ClO 4 - below micromolar (<1 × 10 -6 moles l -1) levels using a portable Raman instrument integrated with novel elevated gold (Au) ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) architectures. The ellipse dimer nanoantenna architectures demonstrate improved ClO 4 - detection limits over previously reported SERS substrates while maintaining good reproducibility. The impact of chloride (Cl -), nitrate (NO 3 -), and sulfate (SO 4 2-) interferences on the detection efficiency is systematically evaluated; SO 4 2- is found to exhibit the largest interference effect at low concentrations while at higher ion concentrations the interference effects among ions are similar. Finally and additionally, ClO 4 - concentrations on the order of 1 mg l -1 are determined in groundwaters collected from an US Department of Defense Navy site demonstrating the applicability of these SERS architectures for the rapid, field detection of trace-level ClO 4 - contamination within complex environmental samples.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. CB&I Federal Services, Lawrenceville, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOD
OSTI Identifier:
1394141
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; ER-201327
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0377-0486
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; SERS interference; energetics analysis; nanofabrication; portable Raman spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Jubb, Aaron M., Hatzinger, Paul B., and Gu, Baohua. Trace-level perchlorate analysis of impacted groundwater by elevated gold ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface-enhanced Raman scattering. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/jrs.5070.
Jubb, Aaron M., Hatzinger, Paul B., & Gu, Baohua. Trace-level perchlorate analysis of impacted groundwater by elevated gold ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface-enhanced Raman scattering. United States. doi:10.1002/jrs.5070.
Jubb, Aaron M., Hatzinger, Paul B., and Gu, Baohua. Fri . "Trace-level perchlorate analysis of impacted groundwater by elevated gold ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface-enhanced Raman scattering". United States. doi:10.1002/jrs.5070.
@article{osti_1394141,
title = {Trace-level perchlorate analysis of impacted groundwater by elevated gold ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface-enhanced Raman scattering},
author = {Jubb, Aaron M. and Hatzinger, Paul B. and Gu, Baohua},
abstractNote = {Perchlorate (ClO4-) contamination has received increased attention the past two decades because of health concerns from its impact on thyroid function coupled with its environmental ubiquity and persistence. In this paper, we demonstrate the detection of ClO4- below micromolar (<1 × 10-6 moles l-1) levels using a portable Raman instrument integrated with novel elevated gold (Au) ellipse dimer nanoantenna surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) architectures. The ellipse dimer nanoantenna architectures demonstrate improved ClO4- detection limits over previously reported SERS substrates while maintaining good reproducibility. The impact of chloride (Cl-), nitrate (NO3-), and sulfate (SO42-) interferences on the detection efficiency is systematically evaluated; SO42- is found to exhibit the largest interference effect at low concentrations while at higher ion concentrations the interference effects among ions are similar. Finally and additionally, ClO4- concentrations on the order of 1 mg l-1 are determined in groundwaters collected from an US Department of Defense Navy site demonstrating the applicability of these SERS architectures for the rapid, field detection of trace-level ClO4- contamination within complex environmental samples.},
doi = {10.1002/jrs.5070},
journal = {Journal of Raman Spectroscopy},
issn = {0377-0486},
number = 4,
volume = 48,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

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