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Title: In situ observation of fracture processes in high-strength concretes and limestone using high-speed X-ray phase-contrast imaging

Abstract

The mechanical properties and fracture mechanisms of geomaterials and construction materials such as concrete are reported to be dependent on the loading rates. However, the in situ cracking inside such specimens cannot be visualized using traditional optical imaging methods since the materials are opaque. In this study, the in situ sub-surface failure/damage mechanisms in Cor-Tuf (a reactive powder concrete), a high-strength concrete (HSC) and Indiana limestone under dynamic loading were investigated using high-speed synchrotron X-ray phase-contrast imaging. Dynamic compressive loading was applied using a modified Kolsky bar and fracture images were recorded using a synchronized high-speed synchrotron X-ray imaging set-up. Three-dimensional synchrotron X-ray tomography was also performed to record the microstructure of the specimens before dynamic loading. In the Cor-Tuf and HSC specimens, two different modes of cracking were observed: straight cracking or angular cracking with respect to the direction of loading. In limestone, cracks followed the grain boundaries and voids, ultimately fracturing the specimen. Cracks in HSC were more tortuous than the cracks in Cor-Tuf specimens. The effects of the microstructure on the observed cracking behaviour are discussed. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Experimental testing and modelling of brittle materials at high strain rates’.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1393945
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 375; Journal Issue: 2085; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-503X
Publisher:
The Royal Society Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Kolsky bar; fracture of geomaterials; high speed synchrotron x-ray imaging; high strength concrete; limestone

Citation Formats

Parab, Niranjan D., Guo, Zherui, Hudspeth, Matthew, Claus, Benjamin, Lim, Boon Him, Sun, Tao, Xiao, Xianghui, Fezzaa, Kamel, and Chen, Weinong W. In situ observation of fracture processes in high-strength concretes and limestone using high-speed X-ray phase-contrast imaging. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0178.
Parab, Niranjan D., Guo, Zherui, Hudspeth, Matthew, Claus, Benjamin, Lim, Boon Him, Sun, Tao, Xiao, Xianghui, Fezzaa, Kamel, & Chen, Weinong W. In situ observation of fracture processes in high-strength concretes and limestone using high-speed X-ray phase-contrast imaging. United States. doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0178.
Parab, Niranjan D., Guo, Zherui, Hudspeth, Matthew, Claus, Benjamin, Lim, Boon Him, Sun, Tao, Xiao, Xianghui, Fezzaa, Kamel, and Chen, Weinong W. Mon . "In situ observation of fracture processes in high-strength concretes and limestone using high-speed X-ray phase-contrast imaging". United States. doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0178.
@article{osti_1393945,
title = {In situ observation of fracture processes in high-strength concretes and limestone using high-speed X-ray phase-contrast imaging},
author = {Parab, Niranjan D. and Guo, Zherui and Hudspeth, Matthew and Claus, Benjamin and Lim, Boon Him and Sun, Tao and Xiao, Xianghui and Fezzaa, Kamel and Chen, Weinong W.},
abstractNote = {The mechanical properties and fracture mechanisms of geomaterials and construction materials such as concrete are reported to be dependent on the loading rates. However, the in situ cracking inside such specimens cannot be visualized using traditional optical imaging methods since the materials are opaque. In this study, the in situ sub-surface failure/damage mechanisms in Cor-Tuf (a reactive powder concrete), a high-strength concrete (HSC) and Indiana limestone under dynamic loading were investigated using high-speed synchrotron X-ray phase-contrast imaging. Dynamic compressive loading was applied using a modified Kolsky bar and fracture images were recorded using a synchronized high-speed synchrotron X-ray imaging set-up. Three-dimensional synchrotron X-ray tomography was also performed to record the microstructure of the specimens before dynamic loading. In the Cor-Tuf and HSC specimens, two different modes of cracking were observed: straight cracking or angular cracking with respect to the direction of loading. In limestone, cracks followed the grain boundaries and voids, ultimately fracturing the specimen. Cracks in HSC were more tortuous than the cracks in Cor-Tuf specimens. The effects of the microstructure on the observed cracking behaviour are discussed. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Experimental testing and modelling of brittle materials at high strain rates’.},
doi = {10.1098/rsta.2016.0178},
journal = {Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
issn = {1364-503X},
number = 2085,
volume = 375,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

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