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Title: SIMULATION STUDIES OF A PROTOTYPE STRIPLINE KICKER FOR THE APS-MBA UPGRADE

Abstract

A prototype dual-blade stripline kicker for the APS multi-bend achromat (MBA) upgrade has been designed and developed. It was optimized with 3D CST Microwave Studio. The high voltage (HV) feedthrough and air-side connector were designed and optimized. Electromagnetic fields along the beam path, the deflecting angle, the high electric fields and their locations were calculated with 15kV differential pulse voltage applied to the kicker blades through the feedthroughs. Beam impedance and the power dissipation on different parts of the kicker and external loads were studied for a 48-bunch fill pattern. Our results show that the prototype kicker with its HV feedthroughs meets the specified requirements. The results of TDR (time-domain reflectometer) test, high voltage pulse test and beam test of the prototype kicker assembly agreed with the simulations.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1393931
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2016 North American Particle Accelerator Conference, 10/09/16 - 10/14/16, Chicago, IL, US
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
APS MBA UPGRADE; PROTOTYPE FAST KICKER

Citation Formats

Sun, X., and Yao, C. SIMULATION STUDIES OF A PROTOTYPE STRIPLINE KICKER FOR THE APS-MBA UPGRADE. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.18429.
Sun, X., & Yao, C. SIMULATION STUDIES OF A PROTOTYPE STRIPLINE KICKER FOR THE APS-MBA UPGRADE. United States. doi:10.18429.
Sun, X., and Yao, C. 2017. "SIMULATION STUDIES OF A PROTOTYPE STRIPLINE KICKER FOR THE APS-MBA UPGRADE". United States. doi:10.18429. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393931.
@article{osti_1393931,
title = {SIMULATION STUDIES OF A PROTOTYPE STRIPLINE KICKER FOR THE APS-MBA UPGRADE},
author = {Sun, X. and Yao, C.},
abstractNote = {A prototype dual-blade stripline kicker for the APS multi-bend achromat (MBA) upgrade has been designed and developed. It was optimized with 3D CST Microwave Studio. The high voltage (HV) feedthrough and air-side connector were designed and optimized. Electromagnetic fields along the beam path, the deflecting angle, the high electric fields and their locations were calculated with 15kV differential pulse voltage applied to the kicker blades through the feedthroughs. Beam impedance and the power dissipation on different parts of the kicker and external loads were studied for a 48-bunch fill pattern. Our results show that the prototype kicker with its HV feedthroughs meets the specified requirements. The results of TDR (time-domain reflectometer) test, high voltage pulse test and beam test of the prototype kicker assembly agreed with the simulations.},
doi = {10.18429},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 6
}

Conference:
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  • The APS multi-bend achromatic (MBA) upgrade storage ring plans to support two bunch fill patterns: a 48-bunch and a 324-bunch. A “swap out” injection scheme is required. In order to provide the required kick to injected beam, to minimize the beam loss and residual oscillation of injected beam, and to minimize the perturbation to stored beam during injection, the rise, fall, and flat-top parts of the kicker pulse must be within a 16.9-ns interval. Stripline-type kickers are chosen for both injection and extraction. We developed a prototype kicker that supports a ±15kV differential pulse voltage. We performed high voltage discharge,more » TDR measurement, high voltage pulse test and beam test of the kicker. We report the final design of the fast kicker and the test results.« less
  • A fast stripline beam kicker and septum are used to dynamically switch a high current electron beam between two beamlines. The transport of the beam through these structures is determined by the quality of the applied electromagnetic fields as well as temporal effects due to the wakefields produced by the beam. In addition, nonlinear forces in the structure will lead to emittance growth. The effect of these issues is investigated analytically and by using particle transport codes. Due to the distributed nature of the beam-induced effects, multiple macro-particles (slices) are used in the particle transport code, where each slice consistsmore » of an ensemble of particles with an initial distribution in phase space. Changes in the multipole moments of an individual slice establish electromagnetic wakes in the structure and are allowed to interact with subsequent beam macro-particles to determine the variation of the steering, focusing, and emittance growth during the beam pulse.« less
  • The first kicker concept design for beam deflection was constructed to allow stripline plates to be driven; thus directing, or kicking, the electron beam into two subsequent beam lines. This quad-driven stripline kicker is an eight port electromagnetic network and consists of two actively driven plates and two terminated plates. Electromagnetic measurements performed on the bi-kicker and quad-kicker were designed to determine: (1) the quality of the fabrication of the kicker, incluidng component alignments; (2) quantification of the input feed transition regions from the input coax to the driven kicker plates; (3) identification of properties of the kicker itself withoutmore » involving the effects of the electron beam; (4) coupling between a line current source and the plates of the kicker; and (5) the effects on the driven current to simulate an electron beam through the body of the kicker. Included in this are the angular variations inside the kicker to examine modal distributions. The goal of the simulated beam was to allow curved path and changing radius studies to be performed electromagnetically. The cold test results produced were then incorporated into beam models.« less
  • The first kicker concept design for beam deflection was constructed to allow stripline plates to be driven; thus directing, or kicking, the electron beam into two subsequent beam lines. This quad-driven stripline kicker is an eight port electromagnetic network and consists of two actively driven plates and two terminated plates. Electromagnetic measurements performed on the bi-kicker [2] and quad-kicker were designed to determine: (1) the quality of the fabrication of the kicker, including component alignments; (2) quantification of the input feed transition regions from the input coax to the driven kicker plates; (3) identification of properties of the kicker itselfmore » without involving the effects of the electron beam; (4) coupling between a line current source and the plates of the kicker; and (5) the effects on the driven current to simulate an electron beam through the body of the kicker. Included in this are the angular variations inside the kicker to examine modal distributions. The goal of the simulated beam was to allow curved path and changing radius studies to be performed electromagnetically. The cold test results produced were then incorporated into beam models.« less
  • The transport of a high current relativistic electron beam in a stripline beam kicker is strongly dependent on the wake properties of the structure. The effect of the beam-induced fields on the steering of the beam must be determined for a prescribed trajectory within the structure. A 3-D time domain electromagnetic code is used to determine the wake fields and the resultant Lorentz force on the beam both for an ultra-relativistic electron beam moving parallel to the beamline axis as well as a beam that follows a curved trajectory through the structure. Usually in determining the wake properties of themore » structure, a wake impedance is found for a beam that is moving parallel to the beamline axis. However, we extend this concept to curved trajectories by calculating beam induced forces along the curved trajectory. Comparisons are made with simple transmission line models of the structure. The wake properties are used in models to transport the beam self-consistently through the structure.« less