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Title: Irradiation of materials with short, intense ion pulses at NDCX-II

Abstract

Here, we present an overview of the performance of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II) accelerator at Berkeley Lab, and report on recent target experiments on beam-driven melting and transmission ion energy loss measurements with nanosecond and millimeter-scale ion beam pulses and thin tin foils. Bunches with around 10 11 ions, 1 mm radius, and 2–30 ns full width at half maximum duration have been created with corresponding fluences in the range of 0.1–0.7 J/cm 2. To achieve these short pulse durations and mm-scale focal spot radii, the 1.1 MeV [megaelectronvolt (10 6 eV)] He + ion beam is neutralized in a drift compression section, which removes the space charge defocusing effect during final compression and focusing. The beam space charge and drift compression techniques resemble necessary beam conditions and manipulations in heavy ion inertial fusion accelerators. In conclusion, quantitative comparison of detailed particle-in-cell simulations with the experiment plays an important role in optimizing accelerator performance

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  4. TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Contributing Org.:
Work supported by the US DOE under contracts DE-AC0205CH11231 (LBNL), DE-AC52-07NA27344 (LLNL), and DE-AC02-09CH11466 (PPPL). F. Treffert and M. Zimmer thank Professor Markus Roth for stimulating discussions.
OSTI Identifier:
1393897
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; AC52-07NA27344; AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Laser and Particle Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 02; Journal ID: ISSN 0263-0346
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Fusion energy; Induction accelerator; Materials; Radiation damage; Space; charge

Citation Formats

Seidl, P. A., Barnard, J. J., Feinberg, E., Friedman, A., Gilson, E. P., Grote, D. P., Ji, Q., Kaganovich, I. D., Ludewigt, B., Persaud, A., Sierra, C., Silverman, M., Stepanov, A. D., Sulyman, A., Treffert, F., Waldron, W. L., Zimmer, M., and Schenkel, T. Irradiation of materials with short, intense ion pulses at NDCX-II. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1017/s0263034617000295.
Seidl, P. A., Barnard, J. J., Feinberg, E., Friedman, A., Gilson, E. P., Grote, D. P., Ji, Q., Kaganovich, I. D., Ludewigt, B., Persaud, A., Sierra, C., Silverman, M., Stepanov, A. D., Sulyman, A., Treffert, F., Waldron, W. L., Zimmer, M., & Schenkel, T. Irradiation of materials with short, intense ion pulses at NDCX-II. United States. doi:10.1017/s0263034617000295.
Seidl, P. A., Barnard, J. J., Feinberg, E., Friedman, A., Gilson, E. P., Grote, D. P., Ji, Q., Kaganovich, I. D., Ludewigt, B., Persaud, A., Sierra, C., Silverman, M., Stepanov, A. D., Sulyman, A., Treffert, F., Waldron, W. L., Zimmer, M., and Schenkel, T. Wed . "Irradiation of materials with short, intense ion pulses at NDCX-II". United States. doi:10.1017/s0263034617000295.
@article{osti_1393897,
title = {Irradiation of materials with short, intense ion pulses at NDCX-II},
author = {Seidl, P. A. and Barnard, J. J. and Feinberg, E. and Friedman, A. and Gilson, E. P. and Grote, D. P. and Ji, Q. and Kaganovich, I. D. and Ludewigt, B. and Persaud, A. and Sierra, C. and Silverman, M. and Stepanov, A. D. and Sulyman, A. and Treffert, F. and Waldron, W. L. and Zimmer, M. and Schenkel, T.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present an overview of the performance of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II) accelerator at Berkeley Lab, and report on recent target experiments on beam-driven melting and transmission ion energy loss measurements with nanosecond and millimeter-scale ion beam pulses and thin tin foils. Bunches with around 1011 ions, 1 mm radius, and 2–30 ns full width at half maximum duration have been created with corresponding fluences in the range of 0.1–0.7 J/cm2. To achieve these short pulse durations and mm-scale focal spot radii, the 1.1 MeV [megaelectronvolt (106 eV)] He+ ion beam is neutralized in a drift compression section, which removes the space charge defocusing effect during final compression and focusing. The beam space charge and drift compression techniques resemble necessary beam conditions and manipulations in heavy ion inertial fusion accelerators. In conclusion, quantitative comparison of detailed particle-in-cell simulations with the experiment plays an important role in optimizing accelerator performance},
doi = {10.1017/s0263034617000295},
journal = {Laser and Particle Beams},
number = 02,
volume = 35,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed May 31 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed May 31 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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  • Abstract We present an overview of the performance of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II) accelerator at Berkeley Lab, and report on recent target experiments on beam-driven melting and transmission ion energy loss measurements with nanosecond and millimeter-scale ion beam pulses and thin tin foils. Bunches with around 10 11ions, 1 mm radius, and 2–30 ns full width at half maximum duration have been created with corresponding fluences in the range of 0.1–0.7 J/cm 2. To achieve these short pulse durations and mm-scale focal spot radii, the 1.1 MeV [megaelectronvolt (10 6eV)] He +ion beam is neutralized in a driftmore » compression section, which removes the space charge defocusing effect during final compression and focusing. The beam space charge and drift compression techniques resemble necessary beam conditions and manipulations in heavy ion inertial fusion accelerators. Quantitative comparison of detailed particle-in-cell simulations with the experiment plays an important role in optimizing accelerator performance.« less
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  • We have commenced experiments with intense short pulses of ion beams on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, by generating beam spots size with radius r<1 mm within 2 ns FWHM and approximately 10 10 ions/pulse. To enable the short pulse durations and mm-scale focal spot radii, the 1.2 MeV Li + ion beam is neutralized in a 1.6-meter drift compression section located after the last accelerator magnet. An 8-Tesla short focal length solenoid compresses the beam in the presence of the large volume plasma near the end of this section before the target. The scientificmore » topics to be explored are warm dense matter, the dynamics of radiation damage in materials, and intense beam and beam-plasma physics including selected topics of relevance to the development of heavy-ion drivers for inertial fusion energy. Finally, we describe the accelerator commissioning and time-resolved ionoluminescence measurements of yttrium aluminum perovskite using the fully integrated accelerator and neutralized drift compression components.« less