skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Interfacial reactions in lithium batteries

Abstract

The lithium-ion battery was first commercially introduced by Sony Corporation on 1991 using LiCoO 2 as the cathode material and mesocarbon microbeads as the anode material. After continuous research and development for 25 years, lithium-ion batteries have been the dominant energy storage devices for modern portable electronics, as well as for the emerging application for electric vehicles and smart grids. It has been a common sense that the success of lithium-ion technologies is rooted to the existence of a solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) that kinetically suppresses the parasitic reactions between the lithiated 2 graphitic anodes and the carbonate-based non-aqueous electrolytes. Recently, major attention has been paid to the importance of a similar passivation/protection layer on the surface of cathode materials, aiming for rational design of high-energy-density lithiumion batteries with extended cycle/calendar life. In this article, the physical model of the solid electrolyte interphase, as well as the recent research effort to under the nature and role SEI are summarized, and future perspectives on this important research field will also be presented.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Div.
  2. Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States). Chemical Engineering Dept.; Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Div.
  3. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China). Institute of Electrochemical and Energy Technology, Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1393879
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 30; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; electrochemical energy storage; interfacial reaction; lithium-ion battery; parasitic reaction; solid-electrolyte interphase

Citation Formats

Chen, Zonghai, Amine, Rachid, Ma, Zi-Feng, and Amine, Khalil. Interfacial reactions in lithium batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aa7315.
Chen, Zonghai, Amine, Rachid, Ma, Zi-Feng, & Amine, Khalil. Interfacial reactions in lithium batteries. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aa7315.
Chen, Zonghai, Amine, Rachid, Ma, Zi-Feng, and Amine, Khalil. Thu . "Interfacial reactions in lithium batteries". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aa7315.
@article{osti_1393879,
title = {Interfacial reactions in lithium batteries},
author = {Chen, Zonghai and Amine, Rachid and Ma, Zi-Feng and Amine, Khalil},
abstractNote = {The lithium-ion battery was first commercially introduced by Sony Corporation on 1991 using LiCoO2 as the cathode material and mesocarbon microbeads as the anode material. After continuous research and development for 25 years, lithium-ion batteries have been the dominant energy storage devices for modern portable electronics, as well as for the emerging application for electric vehicles and smart grids. It has been a common sense that the success of lithium-ion technologies is rooted to the existence of a solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) that kinetically suppresses the parasitic reactions between the lithiated 2 graphitic anodes and the carbonate-based non-aqueous electrolytes. Recently, major attention has been paid to the importance of a similar passivation/protection layer on the surface of cathode materials, aiming for rational design of high-energy-density lithiumion batteries with extended cycle/calendar life. In this article, the physical model of the solid electrolyte interphase, as well as the recent research effort to under the nature and role SEI are summarized, and future perspectives on this important research field will also be presented.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6463/aa7315},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 30,
volume = 50,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Jun 29 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 29, 2018
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: