skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Edge loss of high-harmonic fast-wave heating power in NSTX: a cylindrical model

Abstract

Efficient high-harmonic fast-wave (HHFW) heating in the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade (NSTX-U) would facilitate experiments in turbulence, transport, fast-ion studies, and more. However, previous HHFW operation in NSTX exhibited a large loss of fast-wave power to the divertor along the scrape-off layer field lines for edge densities above the fast-wave cutoff. It was postulated that the wave amplitude is enhanced in the scrapeoff layer due to cavity-like modes, and that these enhanced fields drive sheath losses through RF rectification. As part of ongoing work to confirm this hypothesis, we have developed a cylindrical cold-plasma model to identify and understand scenarios where a substantial fraction of wave power is confined to the plasma periphery. We previously identified a peculiar class of modes, named annulus resonances, that conduct approximately half of their wave power in the periphery and can also account for a significant fraction of the total wave power. Here, we study the influence of annulus resonances on wave field reconstructions and find instances where annulus-resonant modes dominate the spectrum and trap over half of the total wave power at the edge. The work is part of an ongoing effort to determine the mechanism underlying these scrape-off layer losses inmore » NSTX, identify optimal conditions for operation in NSTX-U, and predict whether similar losses occur for the ion-cyclotron minority heating scheme for both current experiments and future devices such as ITER.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1393399
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ICRF; heating; tokamaks; edge loss; ANTENNA; DENSITY; PLASMA

Citation Formats

Perkins, R. J., Hosea, J. C., Bertelli, N., Taylor, G., and Wilson, J. R. Edge loss of high-harmonic fast-wave heating power in NSTX: a cylindrical model. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa7860.
Perkins, R. J., Hosea, J. C., Bertelli, N., Taylor, G., & Wilson, J. R. Edge loss of high-harmonic fast-wave heating power in NSTX: a cylindrical model. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa7860.
Perkins, R. J., Hosea, J. C., Bertelli, N., Taylor, G., and Wilson, J. R. Mon . "Edge loss of high-harmonic fast-wave heating power in NSTX: a cylindrical model". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa7860. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393399.
@article{osti_1393399,
title = {Edge loss of high-harmonic fast-wave heating power in NSTX: a cylindrical model},
author = {Perkins, R. J. and Hosea, J. C. and Bertelli, N. and Taylor, G. and Wilson, J. R.},
abstractNote = {Efficient high-harmonic fast-wave (HHFW) heating in the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade (NSTX-U) would facilitate experiments in turbulence, transport, fast-ion studies, and more. However, previous HHFW operation in NSTX exhibited a large loss of fast-wave power to the divertor along the scrape-off layer field lines for edge densities above the fast-wave cutoff. It was postulated that the wave amplitude is enhanced in the scrapeoff layer due to cavity-like modes, and that these enhanced fields drive sheath losses through RF rectification. As part of ongoing work to confirm this hypothesis, we have developed a cylindrical cold-plasma model to identify and understand scenarios where a substantial fraction of wave power is confined to the plasma periphery. We previously identified a peculiar class of modes, named annulus resonances, that conduct approximately half of their wave power in the periphery and can also account for a significant fraction of the total wave power. Here, we study the influence of annulus resonances on wave field reconstructions and find instances where annulus-resonant modes dominate the spectrum and trap over half of the total wave power at the edge. The work is part of an ongoing effort to determine the mechanism underlying these scrape-off layer losses in NSTX, identify optimal conditions for operation in NSTX-U, and predict whether similar losses occur for the ion-cyclotron minority heating scheme for both current experiments and future devices such as ITER.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aa7860},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 11,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 04 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Sep 04 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: