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Title: Characterization of the LCLS “nanosecond two-bunch” mode for x-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy experiments

Abstract

The generation of two X-ray pulses with tunable nanosecond scale time separations has recently been demonstrated at the Linac Coherent Light Source using an accelerator based technique. This approach offers the opportunity to extend X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy techniques to the yet unexplored regime of nanosecond timescales by means of X-ray Speckle Visibility Spectroscopy. As the two pulses originate from two independent Spontaneous Amplified Stimulated Emission processes, the beam properties fluctuate from pulse pair to pulse pair, but as well between the individual pulses within a pair. However, two-pulse XSVS experiments require the intensity of the individual pulses to be either identical in the ideal case, or with a accurately known intensity ratio. We present the design and performances of a non-destructive intensity diagnostic based on measurement of scattering from a transparent target using a high-speed photo-detector. Individual pulses within a pulse pair with time delays as short as 0.7 ns can be resolved. Moreover, using small angle coherent scattering, we characterize the averaged spatial overlap of the focused pulse pairs. Furthermore, the multi-shot average-speckle contrasts from individual pulses and pulse pairs are compared.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
  3. Boston Univ., Chestnut Hill, MA (United States)
  4. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22), Materials Sciences and Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1393197
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10237; Journal ID: ISSN 0277-786X
Publisher:
SPIE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Sun, Yanwen, Zhu, Diling, Song, Sanghoon, Decker, Franz -Josef, Sutton, Mark, Ludwig, Karl, Roseker, Wojciech, Grubel, Gerhard, Hruszkewycz, Stephan, Stephenson, G. Brian, Fuoss, Paul H., and Robert, Aymeric. Characterization of the LCLS “nanosecond two-bunch” mode for x-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy experiments. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1117/12.2265454.
Sun, Yanwen, Zhu, Diling, Song, Sanghoon, Decker, Franz -Josef, Sutton, Mark, Ludwig, Karl, Roseker, Wojciech, Grubel, Gerhard, Hruszkewycz, Stephan, Stephenson, G. Brian, Fuoss, Paul H., & Robert, Aymeric. Characterization of the LCLS “nanosecond two-bunch” mode for x-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy experiments. United States. doi:10.1117/12.2265454.
Sun, Yanwen, Zhu, Diling, Song, Sanghoon, Decker, Franz -Josef, Sutton, Mark, Ludwig, Karl, Roseker, Wojciech, Grubel, Gerhard, Hruszkewycz, Stephan, Stephenson, G. Brian, Fuoss, Paul H., and Robert, Aymeric. Tue . "Characterization of the LCLS “nanosecond two-bunch” mode for x-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy experiments". United States. doi:10.1117/12.2265454. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393197.
@article{osti_1393197,
title = {Characterization of the LCLS “nanosecond two-bunch” mode for x-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy experiments},
author = {Sun, Yanwen and Zhu, Diling and Song, Sanghoon and Decker, Franz -Josef and Sutton, Mark and Ludwig, Karl and Roseker, Wojciech and Grubel, Gerhard and Hruszkewycz, Stephan and Stephenson, G. Brian and Fuoss, Paul H. and Robert, Aymeric},
abstractNote = {The generation of two X-ray pulses with tunable nanosecond scale time separations has recently been demonstrated at the Linac Coherent Light Source using an accelerator based technique. This approach offers the opportunity to extend X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy techniques to the yet unexplored regime of nanosecond timescales by means of X-ray Speckle Visibility Spectroscopy. As the two pulses originate from two independent Spontaneous Amplified Stimulated Emission processes, the beam properties fluctuate from pulse pair to pulse pair, but as well between the individual pulses within a pair. However, two-pulse XSVS experiments require the intensity of the individual pulses to be either identical in the ideal case, or with a accurately known intensity ratio. We present the design and performances of a non-destructive intensity diagnostic based on measurement of scattering from a transparent target using a high-speed photo-detector. Individual pulses within a pulse pair with time delays as short as 0.7 ns can be resolved. Moreover, using small angle coherent scattering, we characterize the averaged spatial overlap of the focused pulse pairs. Furthermore, the multi-shot average-speckle contrasts from individual pulses and pulse pairs are compared.},
doi = {10.1117/12.2265454},
journal = {Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering},
number = ,
volume = 10237,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 23 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue May 23 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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