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Title: Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode

Abstract

Abstract Thin-film-rotating disk electrodes (TF-RDEs) are the half-cell electrochemical system of choice for rapid screening of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of novel Pt supported on carbon black supports (Pt/C) electrocatalysts. It has been shown that the magnitude of the measured ORR activity and reproducibility are highly dependent on the system cleanliness, evaluation protocols, and operating conditions as well as ink formulation, composition, film drying, and the resultant film thickness and uniformity. Accurate benchmarks of baseline Pt/C catalysts evaluated using standardized protocols and best practices are necessary to expedite ultra-low-platinum group metal (PGM) catalyst development that is crucial for the imminent commercialization of fuel cell vehicles. We report results of evaluation in three independent laboratories of Pt/C electrocatalysts provided by commercial fuel cell catalyst manufacturers (Johnson Matthey, Umicore, Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo—TKK). The studies were conducted using identical evaluation protocols/ink formulation/film fabrication albeit employing unique electrochemical cell designs specific to each laboratory. The ORR activities reported in this work provide a baseline and criteria for selection and scale-up of novel high activity ORR electrocatalysts for implementation in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs).

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1392992
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Electrocatalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1868-2529
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Kocha, Shyam S., Shinozaki, Kazuma, Zack, Jason W., Myers, Deborah J., Kariuki, Nancy N., Nowicki, Tammi, Stamenkovic, Vojislav, Kang, Yijin, Li, Dongguo, and Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios. Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6.
Kocha, Shyam S., Shinozaki, Kazuma, Zack, Jason W., Myers, Deborah J., Kariuki, Nancy N., Nowicki, Tammi, Stamenkovic, Vojislav, Kang, Yijin, Li, Dongguo, & Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios. Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode. United States. doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6.
Kocha, Shyam S., Shinozaki, Kazuma, Zack, Jason W., Myers, Deborah J., Kariuki, Nancy N., Nowicki, Tammi, Stamenkovic, Vojislav, Kang, Yijin, Li, Dongguo, and Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios. Tue . "Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode". United States. doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6.
@article{osti_1392992,
title = {Best Practices and Testing Protocols for Benchmarking ORR Activities of Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts Using Rotating Disk Electrode},
author = {Kocha, Shyam S. and Shinozaki, Kazuma and Zack, Jason W. and Myers, Deborah J. and Kariuki, Nancy N. and Nowicki, Tammi and Stamenkovic, Vojislav and Kang, Yijin and Li, Dongguo and Papageorgopoulos, Dimitrios},
abstractNote = {Abstract Thin-film-rotating disk electrodes (TF-RDEs) are the half-cell electrochemical system of choice for rapid screening of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of novel Pt supported on carbon black supports (Pt/C) electrocatalysts. It has been shown that the magnitude of the measured ORR activity and reproducibility are highly dependent on the system cleanliness, evaluation protocols, and operating conditions as well as ink formulation, composition, film drying, and the resultant film thickness and uniformity. Accurate benchmarks of baseline Pt/C catalysts evaluated using standardized protocols and best practices are necessary to expedite ultra-low-platinum group metal (PGM) catalyst development that is crucial for the imminent commercialization of fuel cell vehicles. We report results of evaluation in three independent laboratories of Pt/C electrocatalysts provided by commercial fuel cell catalyst manufacturers (Johnson Matthey, Umicore, Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo—TKK). The studies were conducted using identical evaluation protocols/ink formulation/film fabrication albeit employing unique electrochemical cell designs specific to each laboratory. The ORR activities reported in this work provide a baseline and criteria for selection and scale-up of novel high activity ORR electrocatalysts for implementation in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs).},
doi = {10.1007/s12678-017-0378-6},
journal = {Electrocatalysis},
issn = {1868-2529},
number = 4,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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