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Title: Response Characteristics of a Stable Mixed Potential Ammonia Sensor in Simulated Diesel Exhaust

Abstract

A mixed potential sensor using Au and Pt dense wire electrodes embedded between tape-casted layers of 8 mol% yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) was tested for application toward NH 3, NO, NO 2, C 3H 6 and C 3H 8. In single-gas testing, the sensor exhibited the highest response toward NH 3, while still exhibiting reasonably high sensitivity toward other interferent gases. We tested the sensor in a high-flow reactor at the National Transportation Research Center (NTRC) in order to simulate exhaust gas constituents and flow rates produced by lean-burn vehicles powered by Compression-Ignition Direct-Injection (CIDI), diesel engines. The sensor was characterized at 525 and 625°C for NH 3, CO, C 3H 6, C 3H 8, and NO x in a base gas composition of 10% O 2, 5% H 2O, and 5% CO 2 flowing at 15 slpm. The sensor exhibited fast response time equal to the response time of the system's switching valve (T90<0.6s). Furthermore, in simulations of overdosing a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, the sensor was able to selectively respond to 20ppm injections of NH 3 slip despite the presence of the interferent gas species at combined concentrations ten times higher than that of the NH 3.more » The laboratory sensor construct was transitioned to a pre-commercial, automotive stick sensor configuration that was demonstrated to retain the advantageous characteristics of the tape-cast device.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Materials and Integrated Devices Group
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL) and National Transporation Research Center, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1392876
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1400164
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-23249
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; Energy Sciences; Mixed potential Sensors, ammonia, AuPd

Citation Formats

Ramaiyan, Kannan P., Pihl, Josh A., Kreller, Cortney R., Prikhodko, Vitaly Y., Curran, Scott, Parks, James E., Mukundan, Rangachary, and Brosha, Eric L.. Response Characteristics of a Stable Mixed Potential Ammonia Sensor in Simulated Diesel Exhaust. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1149/2.1271709jes.
Ramaiyan, Kannan P., Pihl, Josh A., Kreller, Cortney R., Prikhodko, Vitaly Y., Curran, Scott, Parks, James E., Mukundan, Rangachary, & Brosha, Eric L.. Response Characteristics of a Stable Mixed Potential Ammonia Sensor in Simulated Diesel Exhaust. United States. doi:10.1149/2.1271709jes.
Ramaiyan, Kannan P., Pihl, Josh A., Kreller, Cortney R., Prikhodko, Vitaly Y., Curran, Scott, Parks, James E., Mukundan, Rangachary, and Brosha, Eric L.. Sat . "Response Characteristics of a Stable Mixed Potential Ammonia Sensor in Simulated Diesel Exhaust". United States. doi:10.1149/2.1271709jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1392876.
@article{osti_1392876,
title = {Response Characteristics of a Stable Mixed Potential Ammonia Sensor in Simulated Diesel Exhaust},
author = {Ramaiyan, Kannan P. and Pihl, Josh A. and Kreller, Cortney R. and Prikhodko, Vitaly Y. and Curran, Scott and Parks, James E. and Mukundan, Rangachary and Brosha, Eric L.},
abstractNote = {A mixed potential sensor using Au and Pt dense wire electrodes embedded between tape-casted layers of 8 mol% yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) was tested for application toward NH3, NO, NO2, C3H6 and C3H8. In single-gas testing, the sensor exhibited the highest response toward NH3, while still exhibiting reasonably high sensitivity toward other interferent gases. We tested the sensor in a high-flow reactor at the National Transportation Research Center (NTRC) in order to simulate exhaust gas constituents and flow rates produced by lean-burn vehicles powered by Compression-Ignition Direct-Injection (CIDI), diesel engines. The sensor was characterized at 525 and 625°C for NH3, CO, C3H6, C3H8, and NOx in a base gas composition of 10% O2, 5% H2O, and 5% CO2 flowing at 15 slpm. The sensor exhibited fast response time equal to the response time of the system's switching valve (T90<0.6s). Furthermore, in simulations of overdosing a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, the sensor was able to selectively respond to 20ppm injections of NH3 slip despite the presence of the interferent gas species at combined concentrations ten times higher than that of the NH3. The laboratory sensor construct was transitioned to a pre-commercial, automotive stick sensor configuration that was demonstrated to retain the advantageous characteristics of the tape-cast device.},
doi = {10.1149/2.1271709jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 9,
volume = 164,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jul 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Jul 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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