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Title: Electromagnetic and neutral-weak response functions of He 4 and C 12

Abstract

Background: A major goal of nuclear theory is to understand the strong interaction in nuclei as it manifests itself in terms of two- and many-body forces among the nuclear constituents, the protons and neutrons, and the interactions of these constituents with external electroweak probes via one-and many-body currents. Purpose: The objective of the present work is to calculate the quasielastic electroweak response functions in light nuclei within the realistic dynamical framework outlined above. These response functions determine the inclusive cross section as function of the lepton momentum and energy transfers. Methods: Their ab initio calculation is a very challenging quantum many-body problem, since it requires summation over the entire excitation spectrum of the nucleus and inclusion in the electroweak currents of one- and many-body terms. Green's functions Monte Carlo methods allow one to circumvent both difficulties by computing the response in imaginary time (the so-called Euclidean response) and hence summing implicitly over the bound and continuum states of the nucleus, and by implementing specific algorithms designed to deal with the complicated spin-isospin structure of nuclear many-body operators. Results: Theoretical predictions for He-4 and C-12, confirmed by experiment in the electromagnetic case, show that two-body currents generate excess transverse strength frommore » threshold to the quasielastic to the dip region and beyond. Conclusions: These results challenge the conventional picture of quasielastic inclusive scattering as being largely dominated by single-nucleon knockout processes.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of Nuclear Physics; Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
OSTI Identifier:
1392430
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review C, Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lovato, A., Gandolfi, S., Carlson, J., Pieper, Steven C., and Schiavilla, R. Electromagnetic and neutral-weak response functions of He4 and C12. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.91.062501.
Lovato, A., Gandolfi, S., Carlson, J., Pieper, Steven C., & Schiavilla, R. Electromagnetic and neutral-weak response functions of He4 and C12. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.91.062501
Lovato, A., Gandolfi, S., Carlson, J., Pieper, Steven C., and Schiavilla, R. Mon . "Electromagnetic and neutral-weak response functions of He4 and C12". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.91.062501.
@article{osti_1392430,
title = {Electromagnetic and neutral-weak response functions of He4 and C12},
author = {Lovato, A. and Gandolfi, S. and Carlson, J. and Pieper, Steven C. and Schiavilla, R.},
abstractNote = {Background: A major goal of nuclear theory is to understand the strong interaction in nuclei as it manifests itself in terms of two- and many-body forces among the nuclear constituents, the protons and neutrons, and the interactions of these constituents with external electroweak probes via one-and many-body currents. Purpose: The objective of the present work is to calculate the quasielastic electroweak response functions in light nuclei within the realistic dynamical framework outlined above. These response functions determine the inclusive cross section as function of the lepton momentum and energy transfers. Methods: Their ab initio calculation is a very challenging quantum many-body problem, since it requires summation over the entire excitation spectrum of the nucleus and inclusion in the electroweak currents of one- and many-body terms. Green's functions Monte Carlo methods allow one to circumvent both difficulties by computing the response in imaginary time (the so-called Euclidean response) and hence summing implicitly over the bound and continuum states of the nucleus, and by implementing specific algorithms designed to deal with the complicated spin-isospin structure of nuclear many-body operators. Results: Theoretical predictions for He-4 and C-12, confirmed by experiment in the electromagnetic case, show that two-body currents generate excess transverse strength from threshold to the quasielastic to the dip region and beyond. Conclusions: These results challenge the conventional picture of quasielastic inclusive scattering as being largely dominated by single-nucleon knockout processes.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.91.062501},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1392430}, journal = {Physical Review C, Nuclear Physics},
issn = {0556-2813},
number = 6,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}

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