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Title: Current Collector Corrosion in Ca-Ion Batteries

Abstract

With significant improvements in electrical energy storage, researchers could change the way energy is generated and used. We report that one emerging approach is to change the cation that shuttles charge from lithium to calcium. Calcium cations, roughly the same size as Na +, have many attributes that make them a desirable charge carrier for energy storage applications, including deposition voltage and a porous passivation layer. However, system level issues, such as corrosion, have yet to be investigated. Corrosion of the current collectors must be considered whenever you change the electrolyte and we show that this is particularly true for calcium based systems. Reversible charge/discharge behavior that is due to corrosion can be seen with stainless steel in electrolytes containing calcium salts. This reversible behavior is similar to what might be expected from materials that are intercalating Ca, making the interpretation of electrochemical data challenging. Lastly, we have found that this corrosion reaction requires either carbon black and/or a transition metal oxide to catalyze the reaction, making it more difficult to detect. Unlike stainless steel, Graphite foil electrodes do not show high voltage reactions and can be used as a tool for testing Ca-ion cathode materials, although some reactions atmore » low potentials have been observed.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR)
OSTI Identifier:
1392318
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 162; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Calcium ion; Corrosion; Multivalent ion battery

Citation Formats

Lipson, A. L., Proffit, D. L., Pan, B., Fister, T. T., Liao, C., Burrell, A. K., Vaughey, J. T., and Ingram, B. J. Current Collector Corrosion in Ca-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0811508jes.
Lipson, A. L., Proffit, D. L., Pan, B., Fister, T. T., Liao, C., Burrell, A. K., Vaughey, J. T., & Ingram, B. J. Current Collector Corrosion in Ca-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0811508jes.
Lipson, A. L., Proffit, D. L., Pan, B., Fister, T. T., Liao, C., Burrell, A. K., Vaughey, J. T., and Ingram, B. J. Sat . "Current Collector Corrosion in Ca-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0811508jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1392318.
@article{osti_1392318,
title = {Current Collector Corrosion in Ca-Ion Batteries},
author = {Lipson, A. L. and Proffit, D. L. and Pan, B. and Fister, T. T. and Liao, C. and Burrell, A. K. and Vaughey, J. T. and Ingram, B. J.},
abstractNote = {With significant improvements in electrical energy storage, researchers could change the way energy is generated and used. We report that one emerging approach is to change the cation that shuttles charge from lithium to calcium. Calcium cations, roughly the same size as Na+, have many attributes that make them a desirable charge carrier for energy storage applications, including deposition voltage and a porous passivation layer. However, system level issues, such as corrosion, have yet to be investigated. Corrosion of the current collectors must be considered whenever you change the electrolyte and we show that this is particularly true for calcium based systems. Reversible charge/discharge behavior that is due to corrosion can be seen with stainless steel in electrolytes containing calcium salts. This reversible behavior is similar to what might be expected from materials that are intercalating Ca, making the interpretation of electrochemical data challenging. Lastly, we have found that this corrosion reaction requires either carbon black and/or a transition metal oxide to catalyze the reaction, making it more difficult to detect. Unlike stainless steel, Graphite foil electrodes do not show high voltage reactions and can be used as a tool for testing Ca-ion cathode materials, although some reactions at low potentials have been observed.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0811508jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
issn = {0013-4651},
number = 8,
volume = 162,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 17 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Schematic diagrams of 3 electrode Swagelok type cells with a) stainless steel and b) graphite foil current collectors.

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