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Title: Phase Transformations and Formation of Ultra-Fine Microstructure During Hydrogen Sintering and Phase Transformation (HSPT) Processing of Ti-6Al-4V

Abstract

The hydrogen sintering and phase transformation (HSPT) process is a novel powder metallurgy method for producing Ti alloys, particularly the Ti-6Al-4V alloy, with ultra-fine microstructure in the as-sintered state. The ultra-fine microstructure is obtained as a direct result of the use of H-2 gas during sintering. The refinement of the microstructure during HSPT is similar to that of thermal hydrogen processing (THP) of bulk Ti alloys. For both THP and HSPT of Ti-6Al-4V alloy, the mechanisms of the grain refinement depend on the phase equilibria and phase transformations in the presence of hydrogen, which are surprisingly still not well established to date and are still subjected to research and debate. In recent work by the present authors, a pseudo-binary phase diagram of (Ti-6Al-4V)-H has been determined by using in situ synchrotron XRD and TGA/DSC techniques. Aided by this phase diagram, the current paper focuses on the series of phase transformations during sintering and cooling of Ti-6Al-4V in a hydrogen atmosphere and the mechanisms for the formation of the ultra-fine microstructures obtained. Using experimental techniques, including in situ synchrotron XRD, SEM, EBSD, and TEM, the microstructural refinement was found to be the result of (1) the precipitation of ultra-fine alpha/alpha(2) withinmore » coarse beta grains during an isothermal hold at intermediate temperatures, and (2) the eutectoid transformation of beta -> alpha + delta d at approximately 473 K (200 degrees C). (C) The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Argonne National Laboratory - Advanced Photon Source
OSTI Identifier:
1391995
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1073-5623
Publisher:
ASM International
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Sun, Pei, Fang, Zhigang Zak, Koopman, Mark, Xia, Yang, Paramore, James, Ravi Chandran, K. S., Ren, Yang, and Lu, Jun. Phase Transformations and Formation of Ultra-Fine Microstructure During Hydrogen Sintering and Phase Transformation (HSPT) Processing of Ti-6Al-4V. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1007/s11661-015-3141-8.
Sun, Pei, Fang, Zhigang Zak, Koopman, Mark, Xia, Yang, Paramore, James, Ravi Chandran, K. S., Ren, Yang, & Lu, Jun. Phase Transformations and Formation of Ultra-Fine Microstructure During Hydrogen Sintering and Phase Transformation (HSPT) Processing of Ti-6Al-4V. United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-3141-8
Sun, Pei, Fang, Zhigang Zak, Koopman, Mark, Xia, Yang, Paramore, James, Ravi Chandran, K. S., Ren, Yang, and Lu, Jun. 2015. "Phase Transformations and Formation of Ultra-Fine Microstructure During Hydrogen Sintering and Phase Transformation (HSPT) Processing of Ti-6Al-4V". United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-3141-8.
@article{osti_1391995,
title = {Phase Transformations and Formation of Ultra-Fine Microstructure During Hydrogen Sintering and Phase Transformation (HSPT) Processing of Ti-6Al-4V},
author = {Sun, Pei and Fang, Zhigang Zak and Koopman, Mark and Xia, Yang and Paramore, James and Ravi Chandran, K. S. and Ren, Yang and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {The hydrogen sintering and phase transformation (HSPT) process is a novel powder metallurgy method for producing Ti alloys, particularly the Ti-6Al-4V alloy, with ultra-fine microstructure in the as-sintered state. The ultra-fine microstructure is obtained as a direct result of the use of H-2 gas during sintering. The refinement of the microstructure during HSPT is similar to that of thermal hydrogen processing (THP) of bulk Ti alloys. For both THP and HSPT of Ti-6Al-4V alloy, the mechanisms of the grain refinement depend on the phase equilibria and phase transformations in the presence of hydrogen, which are surprisingly still not well established to date and are still subjected to research and debate. In recent work by the present authors, a pseudo-binary phase diagram of (Ti-6Al-4V)-H has been determined by using in situ synchrotron XRD and TGA/DSC techniques. Aided by this phase diagram, the current paper focuses on the series of phase transformations during sintering and cooling of Ti-6Al-4V in a hydrogen atmosphere and the mechanisms for the formation of the ultra-fine microstructures obtained. Using experimental techniques, including in situ synchrotron XRD, SEM, EBSD, and TEM, the microstructural refinement was found to be the result of (1) the precipitation of ultra-fine alpha/alpha(2) within coarse beta grains during an isothermal hold at intermediate temperatures, and (2) the eutectoid transformation of beta -> alpha + delta d at approximately 473 K (200 degrees C). (C) The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015},
doi = {10.1007/s11661-015-3141-8},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1391995}, journal = {Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science},
issn = {1073-5623},
number = 12,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

Works referenced in this record:

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Hydrogen Sintering of Titanium to Produce High Density Fine Grain Titanium Alloys
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Nano-twin mediated plasticity in carbon-containing FeNiCoCrMn high entropy alloys
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