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Title: Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles

Abstract

This article is a review of several accelerator-reactor interface issues and nuclear fuel cycle applications of accelerator-driven subcritical systems. The systems considered here have the primary goal of energy production, but that goal is accomplished via a specific application in various proposed nuclear fuel cycles, such as breed-and-burn of fertile material or burning of transuranic material. Several basic principles are reviewed, starting from the proton beam window including the target, blanket, reactor core, and up to the fuel cycle. We focused on issues of interest, e.g. the impact of the energy required to run the accelerator and associated systems on the potential electricity delivered to the grid. Accelerator-driven systems feature many of the constraints and issues associated with critical reactors, with the added challenges of subcritical operation and coupling to an accelerator. Reliable accelerator operation and avoidance of beam trips are a critically important. One interesting challenge is measurement of blanket subcriticality level during operation. We also reviewed the potential benefits of accelerator-driven systems in various nuclear fuel cycle applications. Ultimately, accelerator-driven subcritical systems with the goal of transmutation of transuranic material have lower 100,000-year radioactivity versus a critical fast reactor with recycle of uranium and plutonium.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy
OSTI Identifier:
1391896
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 08
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
ADS; accelerator-reactor interface; fast reactors; spallation target; transmutation of waste

Citation Formats

Heidet, Florent, Brown, Nicholas R., and Haj Tahar, Malek. Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1142/S1793626815300066.
Heidet, Florent, Brown, Nicholas R., & Haj Tahar, Malek. Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles. United States. doi:10.1142/S1793626815300066.
Heidet, Florent, Brown, Nicholas R., and Haj Tahar, Malek. Thu . "Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles". United States. doi:10.1142/S1793626815300066.
@article{osti_1391896,
title = {Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles},
author = {Heidet, Florent and Brown, Nicholas R. and Haj Tahar, Malek},
abstractNote = {This article is a review of several accelerator-reactor interface issues and nuclear fuel cycle applications of accelerator-driven subcritical systems. The systems considered here have the primary goal of energy production, but that goal is accomplished via a specific application in various proposed nuclear fuel cycles, such as breed-and-burn of fertile material or burning of transuranic material. Several basic principles are reviewed, starting from the proton beam window including the target, blanket, reactor core, and up to the fuel cycle. We focused on issues of interest, e.g. the impact of the energy required to run the accelerator and associated systems on the potential electricity delivered to the grid. Accelerator-driven systems feature many of the constraints and issues associated with critical reactors, with the added challenges of subcritical operation and coupling to an accelerator. Reliable accelerator operation and avoidance of beam trips are a critically important. One interesting challenge is measurement of blanket subcriticality level during operation. We also reviewed the potential benefits of accelerator-driven systems in various nuclear fuel cycle applications. Ultimately, accelerator-driven subcritical systems with the goal of transmutation of transuranic material have lower 100,000-year radioactivity versus a critical fast reactor with recycle of uranium and plutonium.},
doi = {10.1142/S1793626815300066},
journal = {Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology},
number = ,
volume = 08,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}