# What’s in the loop? The anatomy of double Higgs production

## Abstract

Determination of Higgs self-interactions through the double Higgs production from gluon fusion is a major goal of current and future collider experiments. We point out this channel could help disentangle and resolve the nature of ultraviolet contributions to Higgs couplings to two gluons. Analytic properties of the double Higgs amplitudes near kinematic threshold are used to study features resulting from scalar and fermionic loop particles mediating the interaction. Focusing on the hh invariant mass spectrum, we consider the effect from anomalous top and bottom Yukawa couplings, as well as from scalar and fermionic loop particles. In particular, the spectrum at high hh invariant mass is sensitive to the spin of the particles in the loop.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1391815

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC02-06CH11357

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998

- Publisher:
- American Physical Society (APS)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

### Citation Formats

```
Dawson, S., Ismail, A., and Low, Ian.
```*What’s in the loop? The anatomy of double Higgs production*. United States: N. p., 2015.
Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.91.115008.

```
Dawson, S., Ismail, A., & Low, Ian.
```*What’s in the loop? The anatomy of double Higgs production*. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.91.115008.

```
Dawson, S., Ismail, A., and Low, Ian. Mon .
"What’s in the loop? The anatomy of double Higgs production". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.91.115008.
```

```
@article{osti_1391815,
```

title = {What’s in the loop? The anatomy of double Higgs production},

author = {Dawson, S. and Ismail, A. and Low, Ian},

abstractNote = {Determination of Higgs self-interactions through the double Higgs production from gluon fusion is a major goal of current and future collider experiments. We point out this channel could help disentangle and resolve the nature of ultraviolet contributions to Higgs couplings to two gluons. Analytic properties of the double Higgs amplitudes near kinematic threshold are used to study features resulting from scalar and fermionic loop particles mediating the interaction. Focusing on the hh invariant mass spectrum, we consider the effect from anomalous top and bottom Yukawa couplings, as well as from scalar and fermionic loop particles. In particular, the spectrum at high hh invariant mass is sensitive to the spin of the particles in the loop.},

doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.91.115008},

journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology},

issn = {1550-7998},

number = 11,

volume = 91,

place = {United States},

year = {2015},

month = {6}

}

Works referenced in this record:

##
Modified Higgs physics from composite light flavors

journal, September 2013

- Delaunay, Cédric; Grojean, Christophe; Perez, Gilad
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 9

##
Pair production of 125 GeV Higgs boson in the SM extension with color-octet scalars at the LHC

journal, February 2014

- Heng, Zhaoxia; Shang, Liangliang; Zhang, Yanming
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 2

##
Effects of mixing with quark singlets

journal, February 2003

- Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 67, Issue 3

##
Anomalous couplings in double Higgs production

journal, August 2012

- Contino, Roberto; Ghezzi, Margherita; Moretti, Mauro
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 8

##
Virtual corrections to Higgs boson pair production in the large top quark mass limit

journal, November 2014

- Grigo, Jonathan; Melnikov, Kirill; Steinhauser, Matthias
- Nuclear Physics B, Vol. 888

##
Scale-invariant resonance tagging in multijet events and new physics in Higgs pair production

journal, July 2013

- Gouzevitch, Maxime; Oliveira, Alexandra; Rojo, Juan
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 7

##
Probing the Higgs portal at the LHC through resonant di-Higgs production

journal, May 2014

- No, Jose M.; Ramsey-Musolf, Michael
- Physical Review D, Vol. 89, Issue 9

##
Light custodians and Higgs physics in composite models

journal, March 2012

- Azatov, Aleksandr; Galloway, Jamison
- Physical Review D, Vol. 85, Issue 5

##
Disentangling dimension six operators through di-Higgs boson production

journal, May 2007

- Pierce, Aaron; Thaler, Jesse; Wang, Lian-Tao
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2007, Issue 05

##
Measuring the Higgs Boson Self-Coupling at the Large Hadron Collider

journal, September 2002

- Baur, Ulrich; Plehn, Tilman; Rainwater, David
- Physical Review Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 15

##
Higgs boson self-coupling measurements using ratios of cross sections

journal, June 2013

- Goertz, Florian; Papaefstathiou, Andreas; Yang, Li Lin
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 6

##
Top-quark mass effects in double and triple Higgs production in gluon-gluon fusion at NLO

journal, November 2014

- Maltoni, F.; Vryonidou, E.; Zaro, M.
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 11

##
Remarks on double Higgs boson production by gluon fusion at threshold

journal, January 2014

- Li, Xin; Voloshin, M. B.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 89, Issue 1

##
Enhanced di-Higgs production through light colored scalars

journal, November 2012

- Kribs, Graham D.; Martin, Adam
- Physical Review D, Vol. 86, Issue 9

##
Global parton distributions with nuclear and finite- ${Q}^{2}$ corrections

journal, May 2013

- Owens, J. F.; Accardi, A.; Melnitchouk, W.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 87, Issue 9

##
Double neutral Higgs production in the two-Higgs doublet model at the LHC

journal, August 2009

- Arhrib, Abdesslam; Benbrik, Rachid; Chen, Chuan-Hung
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2009, Issue 08

##
New physics in LHC Higgs boson pair production

journal, March 2013

- Dolan, Matthew J.; Englert, Christoph; Spannowsky, Michael
- Physical Review D, Vol. 87, Issue 5

##
Pair production of a 125GeV Higgs boson in MSSM and NMSSM at the LHC

journal, April 2013

- Cao, Junjie; Heng, Zhaoxia; Shang, Liangliang
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 4

##
Higgs pair production via gluon fusion in the Two-Higgs-Doublet Model

journal, September 2014

- Hespel, Benoît; López-Val, David; Vryonidou, Eleni
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 9

##
Standard model Higgs boson pair production in the ( b b ¯ $$ b\overline{b} $$ )( b b ¯ $$ b\overline{b} $$ ) final state

journal, August 2014

- de Lima, Danilo Enoque Ferreira; Papaefstathiou, Andreas; Spannowsky, Michael
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 8

##
Higgs boson pair production in the D = 6 extension of the SM

journal, April 2015

- Goertz, Florian; Papaefstathiou, Andreas; Yang, Li Lin
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 4

##
Top partners and Higgs boson production

journal, August 2014

- Chen, Chien-Yi; Dawson, S.; Lewis, I. M.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 90, Issue 3

##
Neutral Higgs-boson pair production at hadron colliders: QCD corrections

journal, November 1998

- Dawson, S.; Dittmaier, S.; Spira, M.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 58, Issue 11

##
Higgs low-energy theorem (and its corrections) in composite models

journal, October 2012

- Gillioz, M.; Gröber, R.; Grojean, C.
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 10

##
Probing Higgs couplings with high p T Higgs production

journal, January 2014

- Azatov, Aleksandr; Paul, Ayan
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 1

##
Taming the off-shell Higgs boson

journal, March 2015

- Azatov, A.; Grojean, C.; Paul, A.
- Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 3

##
LHC search for di-Higgs decays of stoponium and other scalars in events with two photons and two bottom jets

journal, September 2014

- Kumar, Nilanjana; Martin, Stephen P.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 90, Issue 5

##
Higgs pair production with SUSY QCD correction: revisited under current experimental constraints

journal, April 2014

- Han, Chengcheng; Ji, Xuanting; Wu, Lei
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 4

##
Pair production of neutral Higgs bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

journal, July 2001

- Barrientos Bendezú, A. A.; Kniehl, B. A.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 64, Issue 3

##
Composite Higgs boson pair production at the LHC

journal, June 2011

- Gröber, R.; Mühlleitner, M.
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2011, Issue 6

##
Effective field theory for Higgs boson plus jet production

journal, November 2014

- Dawson, S.; Lewis, I. M.; Zeng, Mao
- Physical Review D, Vol. 90, Issue 9

##
Strong double higgs production at the LHC

journal, May 2010

- Contino, Roberto; Grojean, Christophe; Moretti, Mauro
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2010, Issue 5

##
Determining the Higgs boson self-coupling at hadron colliders

journal, February 2003

- Baur, U.; Plehn, T.; Rainwater, D.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 67, Issue 3

##
Threshold resummation effects in Higgs boson pair production at the LHC

journal, July 2013

- Shao, Ding Yu; Li, Chong Sheng; Li, Hai Tao
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 7

##
Unravelling an extended quark sector through multiple Higgs production?

journal, January 2013

- Dawson, S.; Furlan, E.; Lewis, I.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 87, Issue 1

##
CT10 next-to-next-to-leading order global analysis of QCD

journal, February 2014

- Gao, Jun; Guzzi, Marco; Huston, Joey
- Physical Review D, Vol. 89, Issue 3

##
Constraints on the Higgs boson width from off-shell production and decay to Z-boson pairs

journal, September 2014

- Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.
- Physics Letters B, Vol. 736

##
Higgs-boson production from heavy-quark fusion

journal, February 1989

- Dicus, Duane A.; Willenbrock, Scott
- Physical Review D, Vol. 39, Issue 3

##
Higgs self-coupling measurements at the LHC

journal, October 2012

- Dolan, Matthew J.; Englert, Christoph; Spannowsky, Michael
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 10

##
Very boosted Higgs in gluon fusion

journal, May 2014

- Grojean, C.; Salvioni, E.; Schlaffer, M.
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 5

##
Usefulness of effective field theory for boosted Higgs production

journal, April 2015

- Dawson, S.; Lewis, I. M.; Zeng, Mao
- Physical Review D, Vol. 91, Issue 7

##
Higgs Boson Pair Production at Next-to-Next-to-Leading Order in QCD

journal, November 2013

- de Florian, Daniel; Mazzitelli, Javier
- Physical Review Letters, Vol. 111, Issue 20

##
Higgs pair production at the LHC and ILC from a general potential

journal, January 2014

- Haba, Naoyuki; Kaneta, Kunio; Mimura, Yukihiro
- Physical Review D, Vol. 89, Issue 1

##
Impact of top-Higgs couplings on Di-Higgs production at future colliders

journal, January 2015

- Liu, Ning; Hu, Songlin; Yang, Bingfang
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 1

##
ttH anomalous coupling in double Higgs production

journal, April 2014

- Nishiwaki, Kenji; Niyogi, Saurabh; Shivaji, Ambresh
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 4

##
Double take on new physics in double Higgs boson production

journal, July 2014

- Chen, Chuan-Ren; Low, Ian
- Physical Review D, Vol. 90, Issue 1

##
Top partners in little Higgs theories with $T$ parity

journal, September 2006

- Cheng, Hsin-Chia; Low, Ian; Wang, Lian-Tao
- Physical Review D, Vol. 74, Issue 5

##
Higgs boson pair production via gluon fusion

journal, November 1988

- Glover, E. W. N.; van der Bij, J. J.
- Nuclear Physics B, Vol. 309, Issue 2

##
Pair production of neutral Higgs particles in gluon-gluon collisions

journal, November 1996

- Plehn, T.; Spira, M.; Zerwas, P. M.
- Nuclear Physics B, Vol. 479, Issue 1-2

##
Higher order corrections to the trilinear Higgs self-couplings in the real NMSSM

journal, November 2013

- Nhung, Dao Thi; Mühlleitner, Margarete; Streicher, Juraj
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 11

##
Higgs pair production at the LHC with NLO and parton-shower effects

journal, May 2014

- Frederix, R.; Frixione, S.; Hirschi, V.
- Physics Letters B, Vol. 732

##
The NNLO gluon fusion Higgs production cross-section with many heavy quarks

journal, June 2010

- Anastasiou, Charalampos; Boughezal, Radja; Furlan, Elisabetta
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2010, Issue 6

##
Automated one-loop calculations in four and D dimensions

journal, May 1999

- Hahn, T.; Pérez-Victoria, M.
- Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 118, Issue 2-3

##
Higgs boson self-couplings at the LHC as a probe of extended Higgs sectors

journal, February 2005

- Moretti, M.; Moretti, S.; Piccinini, F.
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2005, Issue 02

##
Di-Higgs final states augMT2ed – Selecting hh events at the high luminosity LHC

journal, January 2014

- Barr, Alan J.; Dolan, Matthew J.; Englert, Christoph
- Physics Letters B, Vol. 728

##
Supersymmetric Higgs boson pair production at hadron colliders

journal, September 1999

- Belyaev, A.; Drees, M.; Éboli, O. J. P.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 60, Issue 7

##
The measurement of the Higgs self-coupling at the LHC: theoretical status

journal, April 2013

- Baglio, J.; Djouadi, A.; Gröber, R.
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 4

##
Exploring resonant di-Higgs boson production in the Higgs singlet model

journal, February 2015

- Chen, Chien-Yi; Dawson, S.; Lewis, I. M.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 91, Issue 3

##
Probing top-partners in Higgs+jets

journal, August 2014

- Banfi, Andrea; Martin, Adam; Sanz, Verónica
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 8

##
Handbook of vectorlike quarks: Mixing and single production

journal, November 2013

- Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Benbrik, R.; Heinemeyer, S.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 88, Issue 9

##
Scalar leptoquarks and Higgs pair production at the LHC

journal, January 2014

- Enkhbat, Tsedenbaljir
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 1

##
Total cross-section for Higgs boson hadroproduction with anomalous Standard-Model interactions

journal, December 2011

- Anastasiou, Charalampos; Buehler, Stephan; Herzog, Franz
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2011, Issue 12

##
A Higgs conundrum with vector fermions

journal, July 2012

- Dawson, S.; Furlan, E.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 86, Issue 1

##
Theoretical constraints on the Higgs effective couplings

journal, April 2010

- Low, Ian; Rattazzi, Riccardo; Vichi, Alessandro
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2010, Issue 4

##
Multi-Higgs boson production in the standard model and beyond

journal, December 2006

- Binoth, T.; Karg, S.; Kauer, N.
- Physical Review D, Vol. 74, Issue 11

##
Double Higgs production and quadratic divergence cancellation in little Higgs models with T-parity

journal, May 2006

- Dib, Claudio O.; Rosenfeld, Rogerio; Zerwekh, Alfonso
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2006, Issue 05

##
Benchmarks for Higgs boson pair production and heavy Higgs boson searches in the two-Higgs-doublet model of type II

journal, July 2014

- Baglio, Julien; Eberhardt, Otto; Nierste, Ulrich
- Physical Review D, Vol. 90, Issue 1

##
New Physics in Resonant Production of Higgs Boson Pairs

journal, January 2015

- Barger, Vernon; Everett, Lisa L.; Jackson, C. B.
- Physical Review Letters, Vol. 114, Issue 1

##
Higgs boson pair production in new physics models at hadron, lepton, and photon colliders

journal, December 2010

- Asakawa, Eri; Harada, Daisuke; Kanemura, Shinya
- Physical Review D, Vol. 82, Issue 11

##
Low-mass Higgs bosons in the NMSSM and their LHC implications

journal, August 2013

- Christensen, Neil; Han, Tao; Liu, Zhen
- Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 8