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Title: The Role of Additives in Improving Performance in High Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries with Potentiostatic Holds

Abstract

In this work, various electrolyte additives designed for enhanced performance at high voltages were evaluated with elevated temperature potentiostatic holds with LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3/Li4Ti5O12 full cells to determine their effect on the high voltage stability. Of the additives investigated, many showed increased oxidation current through the 60 hour potentiostatic holds test, and adversely affected both the capacity retention and interfacial impedance. Improved high voltage performance was observed with two additives, vinylene carbonate (VC) and 1,1,2,2- tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl ether (TTE), which was attributed to two different mechanisms of improvement. This work challenges some conclusions in the available literature that an additive molecule that decomposes on the charged cathode surface and passivates the surface against electrolyte oxidation.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1391738
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Tornheim, Adam, He, Meinan, Su, Chi-Cheung, and Zhang, Zhengcheng. The Role of Additives in Improving Performance in High Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries with Potentiostatic Holds. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0471701jes.
Tornheim, Adam, He, Meinan, Su, Chi-Cheung, & Zhang, Zhengcheng. The Role of Additives in Improving Performance in High Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries with Potentiostatic Holds. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0471701jes.
Tornheim, Adam, He, Meinan, Su, Chi-Cheung, and Zhang, Zhengcheng. Sun . "The Role of Additives in Improving Performance in High Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries with Potentiostatic Holds". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0471701jes.
@article{osti_1391738,
title = {The Role of Additives in Improving Performance in High Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries with Potentiostatic Holds},
author = {Tornheim, Adam and He, Meinan and Su, Chi-Cheung and Zhang, Zhengcheng},
abstractNote = {In this work, various electrolyte additives designed for enhanced performance at high voltages were evaluated with elevated temperature potentiostatic holds with LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3/Li4Ti5O12 full cells to determine their effect on the high voltage stability. Of the additives investigated, many showed increased oxidation current through the 60 hour potentiostatic holds test, and adversely affected both the capacity retention and interfacial impedance. Improved high voltage performance was observed with two additives, vinylene carbonate (VC) and 1,1,2,2- tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl ether (TTE), which was attributed to two different mechanisms of improvement. This work challenges some conclusions in the available literature that an additive molecule that decomposes on the charged cathode surface and passivates the surface against electrolyte oxidation.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0471701jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
issn = {0013-4651},
number = 1,
volume = 164,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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