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Title: Scalable Preparation of Ternary Hierarchical Silicon Oxide-Nickel-Graphite Composites for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Silicon monoxide is a promising anode candidate because of its high theoretical capacity and good cycle performance. To solve the problems associated with this material, including large volume changes during charge-discharge processes, we report a ternary hierarchical silicon oxide–nickel–graphite composite prepared by a facile two-step ball-milling method. The composite consists of nano-Si dispersed silicon oxides embedded in nano-Ni/graphite matrices (Si@SiOx/Ni/graphite). In the composite, crystalline nano-Si particles are generated by the mechanochemical reduction of SiO by ball milling with Ni. These nano-Si dispersed oxides have abundant electrochemical activity and can provide high Li-ion storage capacity. Furthermore, the milled nano-Ni/graphite matrices stick well to active materials and interconnect to form a crosslinked framework, which functions as an electrical highway and a mechanical backbone so that all silicon oxide particles become electrochemically active. Owing to these advanced structural and electrochemical characteristics, the composite enhances the utilization efficiency of SiO, accommodates its large volume expansion upon cycling, and has good ionic and electronic conductivity. The composite electrodes thus exhibit substantial improvements in electrochemical performance. This ternary hierarchical Si@SiOx/Ni/graphite composite is a promising candidate anode material for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Additionally, the mechanochemical ball-milling method is low cost and easy to reproduce, indicating potential formore » the commercial production of the composite materials.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 China; National Development Center of High Technology Green Materials, Beijing 100081 China; Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles, Beijing 100081 China
  2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 China
  3. Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue Lemont Illinois 60439 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Vehicle Technology; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Beijing Institute of Technology
OSTI Identifier:
1390925
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ball-milling; composite; graphite; lithium-ion batteries; silicon oxides

Citation Formats

Wang , Jing, Bao, Wurigumula, Ma, Lu, Tan, Guoqiang, Su , Yuefeng, Chen , Shi, Wu , Feng, Lu, Jun, and Amine, Khalil. Scalable Preparation of Ternary Hierarchical Silicon Oxide-Nickel-Graphite Composites for Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/cssc.201500674.
Wang , Jing, Bao, Wurigumula, Ma, Lu, Tan, Guoqiang, Su , Yuefeng, Chen , Shi, Wu , Feng, Lu, Jun, & Amine, Khalil. Scalable Preparation of Ternary Hierarchical Silicon Oxide-Nickel-Graphite Composites for Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201500674.
Wang , Jing, Bao, Wurigumula, Ma, Lu, Tan, Guoqiang, Su , Yuefeng, Chen , Shi, Wu , Feng, Lu, Jun, and Amine, Khalil. Mon . "Scalable Preparation of Ternary Hierarchical Silicon Oxide-Nickel-Graphite Composites for Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201500674.
@article{osti_1390925,
title = {Scalable Preparation of Ternary Hierarchical Silicon Oxide-Nickel-Graphite Composites for Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Wang , Jing and Bao, Wurigumula and Ma, Lu and Tan, Guoqiang and Su , Yuefeng and Chen , Shi and Wu , Feng and Lu, Jun and Amine, Khalil},
abstractNote = {Silicon monoxide is a promising anode candidate because of its high theoretical capacity and good cycle performance. To solve the problems associated with this material, including large volume changes during charge-discharge processes, we report a ternary hierarchical silicon oxide–nickel–graphite composite prepared by a facile two-step ball-milling method. The composite consists of nano-Si dispersed silicon oxides embedded in nano-Ni/graphite matrices (Si@SiOx/Ni/graphite). In the composite, crystalline nano-Si particles are generated by the mechanochemical reduction of SiO by ball milling with Ni. These nano-Si dispersed oxides have abundant electrochemical activity and can provide high Li-ion storage capacity. Furthermore, the milled nano-Ni/graphite matrices stick well to active materials and interconnect to form a crosslinked framework, which functions as an electrical highway and a mechanical backbone so that all silicon oxide particles become electrochemically active. Owing to these advanced structural and electrochemical characteristics, the composite enhances the utilization efficiency of SiO, accommodates its large volume expansion upon cycling, and has good ionic and electronic conductivity. The composite electrodes thus exhibit substantial improvements in electrochemical performance. This ternary hierarchical Si@SiOx/Ni/graphite composite is a promising candidate anode material for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Additionally, the mechanochemical ball-milling method is low cost and easy to reproduce, indicating potential for the commercial production of the composite materials.},
doi = {10.1002/cssc.201500674},
journal = {ChemSusChem},
issn = {1864-5631},
number = 23,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

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