skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada: BC DEPOSITION FROM FOREST FIRES

Abstract

We identify an important Black Carbon (BC) aerosol deposition event that was observed in snow stratigraphy and dated to between 27 July 2013 – 2 August 2013. This event comprises a significant portion (~60%) of total deposition over a 10 month period (July 2013 – April 2014). Here we link this event to forest fires burning in Canada during summer 2013 using modeling and remote sensing tools. Aerosols were detected by both the CALIOP and MODIS instruments during transport between Canada and Greenland, confirming that this event involved emissions from forest fires in Canada. We use high-resolution regional chemical transport mod-eling (WRF-Chem) combined with high-resolution fire emissions (FINNv1.5) to study aerosol emissions, transport, and deposition during this event. The model accurately captures the timing of the BC deposition event and shows that the major contribution to deposition during this event is emissions originating from fires in Canada. However, the model under-predicts aerosol deposition compared to measurements at all sites by a factor of 2–100. Under-prediction of modeled BC deposition originates from uncertainties in fire emissions combined with uncertainties in aerosol scavenging by clouds. This study suggests that it is possible to describe the transport of an exceptional smoke event onmore » regional and continental scales. Improvements in model descriptions of precipitation scavenging and emissions from wildfires are needed to correctly predict deposition, which is critical for determining the climate impacts of aerosols that originate from fires.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]
  1. LATMOS/IPSL, UPMC University Paris 6 Sorbonne Universités, UVSQ, CNRS, Paris France
  2. USACE-CRREL, Fort Wainwright Alaska USA; Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover New Hampshire USA
  3. National Institute of Aerospace, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton Virginia USA
  4. Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo (CICERO), Oslo Norway
  5. Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover New Hampshire USA; Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt Maryland USA
  6. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder Colorado USA
  7. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington USA
  8. Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Michigan USA
  9. Earth Systems Research Center, EOS, University of New Hampshire, Durham New Hampshire USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1390441
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-125266
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276; KP1701000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Thomas, J. L., Polashenski, C. M., Soja, A. J., Marelle, L., Casey, K. A., Choi, H. D., Raut, J. -C., Wiedinmyer, C., Emmons, L. K., Fast, J. D., Pelon, J., Law, K. S., Flanner, M. G., and Dibb, J. E. Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada: BC DEPOSITION FROM FOREST FIRES. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017GL073701.
Thomas, J. L., Polashenski, C. M., Soja, A. J., Marelle, L., Casey, K. A., Choi, H. D., Raut, J. -C., Wiedinmyer, C., Emmons, L. K., Fast, J. D., Pelon, J., Law, K. S., Flanner, M. G., & Dibb, J. E. Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada: BC DEPOSITION FROM FOREST FIRES. United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL073701.
Thomas, J. L., Polashenski, C. M., Soja, A. J., Marelle, L., Casey, K. A., Choi, H. D., Raut, J. -C., Wiedinmyer, C., Emmons, L. K., Fast, J. D., Pelon, J., Law, K. S., Flanner, M. G., and Dibb, J. E. Sat . "Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada: BC DEPOSITION FROM FOREST FIRES". United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL073701.
@article{osti_1390441,
title = {Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada: BC DEPOSITION FROM FOREST FIRES},
author = {Thomas, J. L. and Polashenski, C. M. and Soja, A. J. and Marelle, L. and Casey, K. A. and Choi, H. D. and Raut, J. -C. and Wiedinmyer, C. and Emmons, L. K. and Fast, J. D. and Pelon, J. and Law, K. S. and Flanner, M. G. and Dibb, J. E.},
abstractNote = {We identify an important Black Carbon (BC) aerosol deposition event that was observed in snow stratigraphy and dated to between 27 July 2013 – 2 August 2013. This event comprises a significant portion (~60%) of total deposition over a 10 month period (July 2013 – April 2014). Here we link this event to forest fires burning in Canada during summer 2013 using modeling and remote sensing tools. Aerosols were detected by both the CALIOP and MODIS instruments during transport between Canada and Greenland, confirming that this event involved emissions from forest fires in Canada. We use high-resolution regional chemical transport mod-eling (WRF-Chem) combined with high-resolution fire emissions (FINNv1.5) to study aerosol emissions, transport, and deposition during this event. The model accurately captures the timing of the BC deposition event and shows that the major contribution to deposition during this event is emissions originating from fires in Canada. However, the model under-predicts aerosol deposition compared to measurements at all sites by a factor of 2–100. Under-prediction of modeled BC deposition originates from uncertainties in fire emissions combined with uncertainties in aerosol scavenging by clouds. This study suggests that it is possible to describe the transport of an exceptional smoke event on regional and continental scales. Improvements in model descriptions of precipitation scavenging and emissions from wildfires are needed to correctly predict deposition, which is critical for determining the climate impacts of aerosols that originate from fires.},
doi = {10.1002/2017GL073701},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
issn = {0094-8276},
number = 15,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Soot climate forcing via snow and ice albedos
journal, December 2003

  • Hansen, J.; Nazarenko, L.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2237157100

Overview of the CALIPSO Mission and CALIOP Data Processing Algorithms
journal, November 2009

  • Winker, David M.; Vaughan, Mark A.; Omar, Ali
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 26, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JTECHA1281.1

The Fire INventory from NCAR (FINN): a high resolution global model to estimate the emissions from open burning
journal, January 2011

  • Wiedinmyer, C.; Akagi, S. K.; Yokelson, R. J.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-4-625-2011

The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART-WRF version 3.1
journal, January 2013


20th-Century Industrial Black Carbon Emissions Altered Arctic Climate Forcing
journal, September 2007


Present-day climate forcing and response from black carbon in snow
journal, January 2007

  • Flanner, Mark G.; Zender, Charles S.; Randerson, James T.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD008003

Fully coupled “online” chemistry within the WRF model
journal, December 2005


Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment: BLACK CARBON IN THE CLIMATE SYSTEM
journal, June 2013

  • Bond, T. C.; Doherty, S. J.; Fahey, D. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50171

The darkening of the Greenland ice sheet: trends, drivers, and projections (1981–2100)
journal, January 2016

  • Tedesco, Marco; Doherty, Sarah; Fettweis, Xavier
  • The Cryosphere, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/tc-10-477-2016

Aircraft measurements of black carbon vertical profiles show upper tropospheric variability and stability: UPPER TROPOSPHERIC BC
journal, January 2017

  • Schwarz, Joshua P.; Weinzierl, Bernadett; Samset, Bjørn H.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071241

Coupling aerosol-cloud-radiative processes in the WRF-Chem model: Investigating the radiative impact of elevated point sources
journal, January 2009

  • Chapman, E. G.; Gustafson, W. I.; Easter, R. C.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-945-2009

Evolution of ozone, particulates, and aerosol direct radiative forcing in the vicinity of Houston using a fully coupled meteorology-chemistry-aerosol model
journal, January 2006

  • Fast, Jerome D.; Gustafson, William I.; Easter, Richard C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue D21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006721

Arctic climate sensitivity to local black carbon: BLACK CARBON INFLUENCE ON ARCTIC CLIMATE
journal, February 2013

  • Flanner, Mark G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50176

Quantifying Emerging Local Anthropogenic Emissions in the Arctic Region: The ACCESS Aircraft Campaign Experiment
journal, March 2015

  • Roiger, A.; Thomas, J. -L.; Schlager, H.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 96, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00169.1

Model for Simulating Aerosol Interactions and Chemistry (MOSAIC)
journal, January 2008

  • Zaveri, Rahul A.; Easter, Richard C.; Fast, Jerome D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D13
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008782

Ice nucleation behavior of biomass combustion particles at cirrus temperatures
journal, January 2009

  • DeMott, Paul J.; Petters, Markus D.; Prenni, Anthony J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue D16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012036

Climate-induced boreal forest change: Predictions versus current observations
journal, April 2007


Boreal and temperate snow cover variations induced by black carbon emissions in the middle of the 21st century
journal, January 2013


Including the sub-grid scale plume rise of vegetation fires in low resolution atmospheric transport models
journal, January 2007

  • Freitas, S. R.; Longo, K. M.; Chatfield, R.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-7-3385-2007

Estimating emissions from fires in North America for air quality modeling
journal, June 2006


The collection 6 MODIS active fire detection algorithm and fire products
journal, June 2016

  • Giglio, Louis; Schroeder, Wilfrid; Justice, Christopher O.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 178
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.054

Inclusion of biomass burning in WRF-Chem: impact of wildfires on weather forecasts
journal, January 2011

  • Grell, G.; Freitas, S. R.; Stuefer, M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-5289-2011

A new WRF-Chem treatment for studying regional-scale impacts of cloud processes on aerosol and trace gases in parameterized cumuli
journal, January 2015

  • Berg, L. K.; Shrivastava, M.; Easter, R. C.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-8-409-2015

Scientific impact of MODIS C5 calibration degradation and C6+ improvements
journal, January 2014

  • Lyapustin, A.; Wang, Y.; Xiong, X.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-7-4353-2014

A parameterization of aerosol activation: 2. Multiple aerosol types
journal, March 2000

  • Abdul-Razzak, Hayder; Ghan, Steven J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 105, Issue D5
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JD901161

The POLARCAT Model Intercomparison Project (POLMIP): overview and evaluation with observations
journal, January 2015

  • Emmons, L. K.; Arnold, S. R.; Monks, S. A.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-6721-2015

Arctic Air Pollution: New Insights from POLARCAT-IPY
journal, December 2014

  • Law, Katharine S.; Stohl, Andreas; Quinn, Patricia K.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00017.1

Multi-model study of chemical and physical controls on transport of anthropogenic and biomass burning pollution to the Arctic
journal, January 2015

  • Monks, S. A.; Arnold, S. R.; Emmons, L. K.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-3575-2015

Neither dust nor black carbon causing apparent albedo decline in Greenland's dry snow zone: Implications for MODIS C5 surface reflectance: GREENLAND ALBEDO DECLINE NOT DUST OR BC
journal, November 2015

  • Polashenski, Chris M.; Dibb, Jack E.; Flanner, Mark G.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065912

Ice formation by black carbon particles
journal, August 1999

  • DeMott, P. J.; Chen, Y.; Kreidenweis, S. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 26, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999GL900580

A parameterization of aerosol activation 3. Sectional representation
journal, January 2002

  • Abdul-Razzak, Hayder
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 107, Issue D3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001JD000483

An investigation of methods for injecting emissions from boreal wildfires using WRF-Chem during ARCTAS
journal, January 2011

  • Sessions, W. R.; Fuelberg, H. E.; Kahn, R. A.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-5719-2011

Ice nuclei emissions from biomass burning
journal, January 2009

  • Petters, Markus D.; Parsons, Matthew T.; Prenni, Anthony J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD011532

Black carbon enrichment in atmospheric ice particle residuals observed in lower tropospheric mixed phase clouds
journal, January 2008

  • Cozic, J.; Mertes, S.; Verheggen, B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D15
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009266