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Title: Beam test results of a 16 ps timing system based on ultra-fast silicon detectors

Abstract

In this paper we report on the timing resolution obtained in a beam test with pions of 180 GeV/c momentum at CERN for the first production of 45 μm thick Ultra-Fast Silicon Detectors (UFSD). UFSD are based on the Low- Gain Avalanche Detector (LGAD) design, employing n-on-p silicon sensors with internal charge multiplication due to the presence of a thin, low-resistivity diffusion layer below the junction. The UFSD used in this test had a pad area of 1.7 mm 2. The gain was measured to vary between 5 and 70 depending on the sensor bias voltage. The experimental setup included three UFSD and a fast trigger consisting of a quartz bar readout by a SiPM. The timing resolution was determined by doing Gaussian fits to the time-of-flight of the particles between one or more UFSD and the trigger counter. For a single UFSD the resolution was measured to be 34 ps for a bias voltage of 200 V, and 27 ps for a bias voltage of 230 V. For the combination of 3 UFSD the timing resolution was 20 ps for a bias voltage of 200 V, and 16 ps for a bias voltage of 230 V.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [3];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9] more »;  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [9];  [10];  [10];  [10];  [10];  [10];  [10];  [11];  [11];  [11];  [11];  [11] « less
  1. National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Turin (Italy)
  2. National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Turin (Italy); Univ. of Eastern Piedmont, Vercelli (Italy)
  3. National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Turin (Italy); Univ. of Turin (Italy)
  4. National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Turin (Italy); Univ. of Turin (Italy)
  5. National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN),Turin (Italy); Univ. of Turin (Italy)
  6. Univ. of Turin (Italy)
  7. Polytechnic Univ. of Turin (Italy)
  8. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)
  9. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Santa Cruz Inst. for Particle Physics
  10. Barcelona Microelectronics Inst. (IMB) of the National Microelectronics Centre (CNM), Superior Council of Scientific Research (CSIC), Barcelona (Spain)
  11. Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Jozef Stefan Inst. and Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (Spain); European Union (EU); Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy; National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN); CERN RD50 Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1390332
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1429760
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-04ER41286; FPA2015-69260-C3-3-R; FPA2014-55295-C3-2-R; 654168; 669529
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 850; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Fast silicon sensors; Charge multiplication; Thin tracking sensors; Silicon strip; Pixel detectors

Citation Formats

Cartiglia, N., Staiano, A., Sola, V., Arcidiacono, R., Cirio, R., Cenna, F., Ferrero, M., Monaco, V., Mulargia, R., Obertino, M., Ravera, F., Sacchi, R., Bellora, A., Durando, S., Mandurrino, M., Minafra, N., Fadeyev, V., Freeman, P., Galloway, Z., Gkougkousis, E., Grabas, H., Gruey, B., Labitan, C. A., Losakul, R., Luce, Z., McKinney-Martinez, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Seiden, A., Spencer, E., Wilder, M., Woods, N., Zatserklyaniy, A., Pellegrini, G., Hidalgo, S., Carulla, M., Flores, D., Merlos, A., Quirion, D., Cindro, V., Kramberger, G., Mandi?, I., Miku?, M., and Zavrtanik, M.. Beam test results of a 16 ps timing system based on ultra-fast silicon detectors. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.01.021.
Cartiglia, N., Staiano, A., Sola, V., Arcidiacono, R., Cirio, R., Cenna, F., Ferrero, M., Monaco, V., Mulargia, R., Obertino, M., Ravera, F., Sacchi, R., Bellora, A., Durando, S., Mandurrino, M., Minafra, N., Fadeyev, V., Freeman, P., Galloway, Z., Gkougkousis, E., Grabas, H., Gruey, B., Labitan, C. A., Losakul, R., Luce, Z., McKinney-Martinez, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Seiden, A., Spencer, E., Wilder, M., Woods, N., Zatserklyaniy, A., Pellegrini, G., Hidalgo, S., Carulla, M., Flores, D., Merlos, A., Quirion, D., Cindro, V., Kramberger, G., Mandi?, I., Miku?, M., & Zavrtanik, M.. Beam test results of a 16 ps timing system based on ultra-fast silicon detectors. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.01.021.
Cartiglia, N., Staiano, A., Sola, V., Arcidiacono, R., Cirio, R., Cenna, F., Ferrero, M., Monaco, V., Mulargia, R., Obertino, M., Ravera, F., Sacchi, R., Bellora, A., Durando, S., Mandurrino, M., Minafra, N., Fadeyev, V., Freeman, P., Galloway, Z., Gkougkousis, E., Grabas, H., Gruey, B., Labitan, C. A., Losakul, R., Luce, Z., McKinney-Martinez, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Seiden, A., Spencer, E., Wilder, M., Woods, N., Zatserklyaniy, A., Pellegrini, G., Hidalgo, S., Carulla, M., Flores, D., Merlos, A., Quirion, D., Cindro, V., Kramberger, G., Mandi?, I., Miku?, M., and Zavrtanik, M.. Sat . "Beam test results of a 16 ps timing system based on ultra-fast silicon detectors". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.01.021.
@article{osti_1390332,
title = {Beam test results of a 16 ps timing system based on ultra-fast silicon detectors},
author = {Cartiglia, N. and Staiano, A. and Sola, V. and Arcidiacono, R. and Cirio, R. and Cenna, F. and Ferrero, M. and Monaco, V. and Mulargia, R. and Obertino, M. and Ravera, F. and Sacchi, R. and Bellora, A. and Durando, S. and Mandurrino, M. and Minafra, N. and Fadeyev, V. and Freeman, P. and Galloway, Z. and Gkougkousis, E. and Grabas, H. and Gruey, B. and Labitan, C. A. and Losakul, R. and Luce, Z. and McKinney-Martinez, F. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Seiden, A. and Spencer, E. and Wilder, M. and Woods, N. and Zatserklyaniy, A. and Pellegrini, G. and Hidalgo, S. and Carulla, M. and Flores, D. and Merlos, A. and Quirion, D. and Cindro, V. and Kramberger, G. and Mandi?, I. and Miku?, M. and Zavrtanik, M.},
abstractNote = {In this paper we report on the timing resolution obtained in a beam test with pions of 180 GeV/c momentum at CERN for the first production of 45 μm thick Ultra-Fast Silicon Detectors (UFSD). UFSD are based on the Low- Gain Avalanche Detector (LGAD) design, employing n-on-p silicon sensors with internal charge multiplication due to the presence of a thin, low-resistivity diffusion layer below the junction. The UFSD used in this test had a pad area of 1.7 mm2. The gain was measured to vary between 5 and 70 depending on the sensor bias voltage. The experimental setup included three UFSD and a fast trigger consisting of a quartz bar readout by a SiPM. The timing resolution was determined by doing Gaussian fits to the time-of-flight of the particles between one or more UFSD and the trigger counter. For a single UFSD the resolution was measured to be 34 ps for a bias voltage of 200 V, and 27 ps for a bias voltage of 230 V. For the combination of 3 UFSD the timing resolution was 20 ps for a bias voltage of 200 V, and 16 ps for a bias voltage of 230 V.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2017.01.021},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 850,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.nima.2017.01.021

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Cited by: 5works
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  • In this paper we report on the timing resolution obtained in a beam test with pions of 180 GeV/c momentum at CERN for the first production of 45 μm thick Ultra-Fast Silicon Detectors (UFSD). UFSD are based on the Low- Gain Avalanche Detector (LGAD) design, employing n-on-p silicon sensors with internal charge multiplication due to the presence of a thin, low-resistivity diffusion layer below the junction. The UFSD used in this test had a pad area of 1.7 mm 2. The gain was measured to vary between 5 and 70 depending on the sensor bias voltage. The experimental setup includedmore » three UFSD and a fast trigger consisting of a quartz bar readout by a SiPM. The timing resolution was determined by doing Gaussian fits to the time-of-flight of the particles between one or more UFSD and the trigger counter. For a single UFSD the resolution was measured to be 34 ps for a bias voltage of 200 V, and 27 ps for a bias voltage of 230 V. For the combination of 3 UFSD the timing resolution was 20 ps for a bias voltage of 200 V, and 16 ps for a bias voltage of 230 V.« less
  • Cited by 8
  • The high luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) at CERN is expected to provide instantaneous luminosities of 5 X 10 34 cm –2 s –1. The high luminosities expected at the HL-LHC will be accompanied by a factor of 5 to 10 more pileup compared with LHC conditions in 2015, causing general confusion for particle identification and event reconstruction. Precision timing allows to extend calorimetric measurements into such a high density environment by subtracting the energy deposits from pileup interactions. Calorimeters employing silicon as the active component have recently become a popular choice for the HL-LHC and futuremore » collider experiments which face very high radiation environments. In this article, we present studies of basic calorimetric and precision timing measurements using a prototype composed of tungsten absorber and silicon sensor as the active medium. Lastly, we show that for the bulk of electromagnetic showers induced by electrons in the range of 20 GeV to 30 GeV, we can achieve time resolutions better than 25 ps per single pad sensor.« less
  • Cited by 3