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Title: A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer

Abstract

Previous breakthroughs in stretchable electronics stem from strain engineering and nanocomposite approaches. Routes toward intrinsically stretchable molecular materials remain scarce but, if successful, will enable simpler fabrication processes, such as direct printing and coating, mechanically robust devices, and more intimate contact with objects. We report a highly stretchable conducting polymer, realized with a range of enhancers that serve a dual function: (i) they change morphology and (ii) they act as conductivity-enhancing dopants in poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). The polymer films exhibit conductivities comparable to the best reported values for PEDOT:PSS, with over 3100 S/cm under 0% strain and over 4100 S/cm under 100% strain—among the highest for reported stretchable conductors. It is highly durable under cyclic loading, with the conductivity maintained at 3600 S/cm even after 1000 cycles to 100% strain. The conductivity remained above 100 S/cm under 600% strain, with a fracture strain of 800%, which is superior to even the best silver nanowire– or carbon nanotube–based stretchable conductor films. As a result, the combination of excellent electrical and mechanical properties allowed it to serve as interconnects for field-effect transistor arrays with a device density that is five times higher than typical lithographically patterned wavy interconnects.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Gyeonggi-do (South Korea)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1390325
Grant/Contract Number:  
ID0EMNAK13699; FA9550-15-1-0106; ID0E4RAK13700; CMMI-1553638; ID0EEXAK13701; AC02-76SF00515; ID0E11AK13702
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; stretchable electronics; conducting polymer; transparent electrode; plasticizer; ionic dopant; soft interface; rigid-island; field-effect transistors; polymer characterization; patterning

Citation Formats

Wang, Yue, Zhu, Chenxin, Pfattner, Raphael, Yan, Hongping, Jin, Lihua, Chen, Shucheng, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Lissel, Franziska, Liu, Jia, Rabiah, Noelle I., Chen, Zheng, Chung, Jong Won, Linder, Christian, Toney, Michael F., Murmann, Boris, and Bao, Zhenan. A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1602076.
Wang, Yue, Zhu, Chenxin, Pfattner, Raphael, Yan, Hongping, Jin, Lihua, Chen, Shucheng, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Lissel, Franziska, Liu, Jia, Rabiah, Noelle I., Chen, Zheng, Chung, Jong Won, Linder, Christian, Toney, Michael F., Murmann, Boris, & Bao, Zhenan. A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1602076.
Wang, Yue, Zhu, Chenxin, Pfattner, Raphael, Yan, Hongping, Jin, Lihua, Chen, Shucheng, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Lissel, Franziska, Liu, Jia, Rabiah, Noelle I., Chen, Zheng, Chung, Jong Won, Linder, Christian, Toney, Michael F., Murmann, Boris, and Bao, Zhenan. Fri . "A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1602076. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1390325.
@article{osti_1390325,
title = {A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer},
author = {Wang, Yue and Zhu, Chenxin and Pfattner, Raphael and Yan, Hongping and Jin, Lihua and Chen, Shucheng and Molina-Lopez, Francisco and Lissel, Franziska and Liu, Jia and Rabiah, Noelle I. and Chen, Zheng and Chung, Jong Won and Linder, Christian and Toney, Michael F. and Murmann, Boris and Bao, Zhenan},
abstractNote = {Previous breakthroughs in stretchable electronics stem from strain engineering and nanocomposite approaches. Routes toward intrinsically stretchable molecular materials remain scarce but, if successful, will enable simpler fabrication processes, such as direct printing and coating, mechanically robust devices, and more intimate contact with objects. We report a highly stretchable conducting polymer, realized with a range of enhancers that serve a dual function: (i) they change morphology and (ii) they act as conductivity-enhancing dopants in poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). The polymer films exhibit conductivities comparable to the best reported values for PEDOT:PSS, with over 3100 S/cm under 0% strain and over 4100 S/cm under 100% strain—among the highest for reported stretchable conductors. It is highly durable under cyclic loading, with the conductivity maintained at 3600 S/cm even after 1000 cycles to 100% strain. The conductivity remained above 100 S/cm under 600% strain, with a fracture strain of 800%, which is superior to even the best silver nanowire– or carbon nanotube–based stretchable conductor films. As a result, the combination of excellent electrical and mechanical properties allowed it to serve as interconnects for field-effect transistor arrays with a device density that is five times higher than typical lithographically patterned wavy interconnects.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.1602076},
journal = {Science Advances},
issn = {2375-2548},
number = 3,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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Cited by: 156 works
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    Over-Stretching Tolerant Conductors on Rubber Films by Inkjet-Printing Silver Nanoparticles for Wearables
    journal, December 2018

    • Albrecht, Andreas; Bobinger, Marco; Salmerón, José
    • Polymers, Vol. 10, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.3390/polym10121413

    High‐Transconductance Stretchable Transistors Achieved by Controlled Gold Microcrack Morphology
    journal, July 2019

    • Matsuhisa, Naoji; Jiang, Ying; Liu, Zhiyuan
    • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201900347

    Triple cation perovskite doped with the small molecule F4TCNQ for highly efficient stable photodetectors
    journal, January 2020

    • Khan, Abbas Ahmad; Azam, Muhammad; Eric, Deborah
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 8, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc05927j

    The contraction of PEDOT films formed on a macromolecular liquid-like surface
    journal, January 2018

    • Ouyang, Liangqi; Jafari, Mohammad J.; Cai, Wanzhu
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7tc04661h

    Ultracompliant Carbon Nanotube Direct Bladder Device
    journal, September 2019

    • Yan, Dongxiao; Bruns, Tim M.; Wu, Yuting
    • Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201900477

    Nonthrombogenic, stretchable, active multielectrode array for electroanatomical mapping
    journal, October 2018

    • Lee, Wonryung; Kobayashi, Shingo; Nagase, Masase
    • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau2426

    Electrospinning-induced elastomeric properties of conjugated polymers for extremely stretchable nanofibers and rubbery optoelectronics
    journal, January 2020

    • Chen, Jung-Yao; Hsieh, Hui-Ching; Chiu, Yu-Cheng
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 8, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc05075b

    Scalable nanomanufacturing of inkjet-printed wearable energy storage devices
    journal, January 2019

    • Huang, Tao-Tse; Wu, Wenzhuo
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05239a

    Untethered soft robotics
    journal, February 2018