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Title: Low temperature carbonization of cellulose nanocrystals for high performance carbon anode of sodium-ion batteries

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1388653
DOE Contract Number:
SC0001160
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nano Energy; Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: NEES partners with University of Maryland (lead); University of California, Irvine; University of Florida; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandia National Laboratories; Yale University
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
bio-inspired, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), defects, charge transport, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Zhu, Hongli, Shen, Fei, Luo, Wei, Zhu, Shuze, Zhao, Minhua, Natarajan, Bharath, Dai, Jiaqi, Zhou, Lihui, Ji, Xiulei, Yassar, Reza S., Li, Teng, and Hu, Liangbing. Low temperature carbonization of cellulose nanocrystals for high performance carbon anode of sodium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.021.
Zhu, Hongli, Shen, Fei, Luo, Wei, Zhu, Shuze, Zhao, Minhua, Natarajan, Bharath, Dai, Jiaqi, Zhou, Lihui, Ji, Xiulei, Yassar, Reza S., Li, Teng, & Hu, Liangbing. Low temperature carbonization of cellulose nanocrystals for high performance carbon anode of sodium-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.021.
Zhu, Hongli, Shen, Fei, Luo, Wei, Zhu, Shuze, Zhao, Minhua, Natarajan, Bharath, Dai, Jiaqi, Zhou, Lihui, Ji, Xiulei, Yassar, Reza S., Li, Teng, and Hu, Liangbing. Wed . "Low temperature carbonization of cellulose nanocrystals for high performance carbon anode of sodium-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.021.
@article{osti_1388653,
title = {Low temperature carbonization of cellulose nanocrystals for high performance carbon anode of sodium-ion batteries},
author = {Zhu, Hongli and Shen, Fei and Luo, Wei and Zhu, Shuze and Zhao, Minhua and Natarajan, Bharath and Dai, Jiaqi and Zhou, Lihui and Ji, Xiulei and Yassar, Reza S. and Li, Teng and Hu, Liangbing},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.021},
journal = {Nano Energy},
number = C,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}
  • Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted extensive interest in the past few years because of the low cost and abundance of sodium resources and hence the potential for grid scale energy storage. Developing low cost electrode materials, particularly anode materials, is the key for further promoting the application of SIBs. Here, we for the first time report a self-standing porous carbon anode directly from natural wood for SIBs, which processes following advantages: (i) ultra-thick carbon anode with a high areal capacity, for example a capacity of 13.6 mAh cm-2 was delivered when the thickness reached 0.85 mm; (ii) low tortuosity, wheremore » numerous inherited aligned channels in the wood carbon provide a rapid ion transport path; (iii) porous nature enables a fast ion transfer between the carbon electrode and the electrolyte; (iv) 100% utilization of the wood carbon that conductive additives, binders, and current-collectors are not needed; v) when coupling a Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode with the wood carbon anode, a high capacity of 80 mAh g-1 was obtained at 0.5 C rate (base on cathode) and excellent cycling stability of 300 cycles was also achieved, which demonstrated the promising performance of earth-abundant wood derived carbon material.« less
  • Sodium-ion batteries are promising alternatives to lithium-ion batteries for large-scale applications. However, the low capacity and poor rate capability of existing anodes for sodium-ion batteries are bottlenecks for future developments. Here, we report a high performance nanostructured anode material for sodium-ion batteries that is fabricated by high energy ball milling to form black phosphorus/Ketjenblack–multiwalled carbon nanotubes (BPC) composite. With this strategy, the BPC composite with a high phosphorus content (70 wt %) could deliver a very high initial Coulombic efficiency (>90%) and high specific capacity with excellent cyclability at high rate of charge/discharge (~1700 mAh g–1 after 100 cycles atmore » 1.3 A g–1 based on the mass of P). In situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, synchrotron high energy X-ray diffraction, ex situ small/wide-angle X-ray scattering, high resolution transmission electronic microscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance were further used to unravel its superior sodium storage performance. The scientific findings gained in this work are expected to serve as a guide for future design on high performance anode material for sodium-ion batteries.« less
  • A highly reversible anode is indispensable to the future success of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Herein, carbon nanofibers (CNFs) derived from cellulose nanofibers are investigated as an anode material for SIBs. The CNFs exhibit very promising electrochemical properties, including a high reversible capacity (255 mA h g(-1) at 40 mA g(-1)), good rate capability (85 mA h g(-1) at 2000 mA g(-1)), and excellent cycling stability (176 mA h g(-1) at 200 mA g(-1) over 600 cycles).