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Title: Specific features of defect and mass transport in concentrated fcc alloys

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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Energy Dissipation to Defect Evolution (EDDE)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Materialia; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: EDDE partners with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; University of Michigan; University of Tennessee; University of Wisconsin; University of Wyoming; Virginia Tech
Country of Publication:
United States
phonons, thermal conductivity, nuclear (including radiation effects), defects, spin dynamics, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Osetsky, Yuri N., Béland, Laurent K., and Stoller, Roger E. Specific features of defect and mass transport in concentrated fcc alloys. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2016.06.018.
Osetsky, Yuri N., Béland, Laurent K., & Stoller, Roger E. Specific features of defect and mass transport in concentrated fcc alloys. United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2016.06.018.
Osetsky, Yuri N., Béland, Laurent K., and Stoller, Roger E. 2016. "Specific features of defect and mass transport in concentrated fcc alloys". United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2016.06.018.
title = {Specific features of defect and mass transport in concentrated fcc alloys},
author = {Osetsky, Yuri N. and Béland, Laurent K. and Stoller, Roger E.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.actamat.2016.06.018},
journal = {Acta Materialia},
number = C,
volume = 115,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
  • We report that diffusion and mass transport are basic properties that control materials performance, such as phase stability, solute decomposition and radiation tolerance. While understanding diffusion in dilute alloys is a mature field, concentrated alloys are much less studied. Here, atomic-scale diffusion and mass transport via vacancies and interstitial atoms are compared in fcc Ni, Fe and equiatomic Ni-Fe alloy. High temperature properties were determined using conventional molecular dynamics on the microsecond timescale, whereas the kinetic activation-relaxation (k-ART) approach was applied at low temperatures. The k-ART was also used to calculate transition states in the alloy and defect transport coefficients.more » The calculations reveal several specific features. For example, vacancy and interstitial defects migrate via different alloy components, diffusion is more sluggish in the alloy and, notably, mass transport in the concentrated alloy cannot be predicted on the basis of diffusion in its pure metal counterparts. Lastly, the percolation threshold for the defect diffusion in the alloy is discussed and it is suggested that this phenomenon depends on the properties and diffusion mechanisms of specific defects.« less
  • A long-standing objective in materials research is to understand how energy is dissipated in both the electronic and atomic subsystems in irradiated materials, and how related non-equilibrium processes may affect defect dynamics and microstructure evolution. Here we show that alloy complexity in concentrated solid solution alloys having both an increasing number of principal elements and altered concentrations of specific elements can lead to substantial reduction in the electron mean free path and thermal conductivity, which has a significant impact on energy dissipation and consequentially on defect evolution during ion irradiation. Enhanced radiation resistance with increasing complexity from pure nickel tomore » binary and to more complex quaternary solid solutions is observed under ion irradiation up to an average damage level of 1 displacement per atom. Understanding how materials properties can be tailored by alloy complexity and their influence on defect dynamics may pave the way for new principles for the design of radiation tolerant structural alloys.« less
  • It has been shown that concentrated solid solution alloys possess unusual electronic, magnetic, transport, mechanical and radiation-resistant properties that are directly related to underlying chemical complexity. Because every atom experiences a different local atomic environment, the formation and migration energies of vacancies and interstitials in these alloys exhibit a distribution, rather than a single value as in a pure metal or dilute alloy. In this study, using ab initio calculations based on density functional theory and special quasirandom structure, we have characterized the distribution of defect formation energy and migration barrier in four Ni-based solid-solution alloys: Ni 0.5Co 0.5, Nimore » 0.5Fe 0.5, Ni 0.8Fe 0.2 and Ni 0.8Cr 0.2. As defect formation energies in finite-size models depend sensitively on the elemental chemical potential, we have developed a computationally efficient method for determining it which takes into account the global composition and the local short-range order. In addition we have compared the results of our ab initio calculations to those obtained from available embedded atom method (EAM) potentials. Our results indicate that the defect formation and migration energies are closely related to the specific atomic size in the structure, which further determines the elemental diffusion properties. In conclusion, different EAM potentials yield different features of defect energetics in concentrated alloys, pointing to the need for additional potential development efforts in order to allow spatial and temporal scale-up of defect and simulations, beyond those accessible to ab initio methods.« less
  • A group of single-phase concentrated solid-solution alloys (SP-CSAs), including NiFe, NiCoFe, NiCoFeCr, as well as a high entropy alloy NiCoFeCrMn, was irradiated with 3 MeV Ni 2+ ions at 773 K to a fluence of 5 10 16 ions/cm 2 for the study of radiation response with increasing compositional complexity. Advanced transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) was used to characterize the dislocation loop distribution and radiation-induced segregation (RIS) on defect clusters in the SP-CSAs. The results show that a higher fraction of faulted loops exists in the more compositionally complex alloys, which indicate that increasingmore » compositional complexity can extend the incubation period and delay loop growth. The RIS behaviors of each element in the SP-CSAs were observed as follows: Ni and Co tend to enrich, but Cr, Fe and Mn prefer to deplete near the defect clusters. RIS level can be significantly suppressed by increasing compositional complexity due to the sluggish atom diffusion. According to molecular static (MS) simulations, disk like segregations may form near the faulted dislocation loops in the SP-CSAs. Segregated elements tend to distribute around the whole faulted loop as a disk rather than only around the edge of the loop.« less