skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center (FIRST)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1388517
DOE Contract Number:  
ERKCC61
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Reviews. Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: FIRST partners with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead); Argonne National Laboratory; Drexel University; Georgia State University; Northwestern University; Pennsylvania State University; Suffolk University; Vanderbilt University; University of Virginia; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-8437
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, electrodes - solar, mechanical behavior, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Anasori, Babak, Lukatskaya, Maria R., and Gogotsi, Yury. 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98.
Anasori, Babak, Lukatskaya, Maria R., & Gogotsi, Yury. 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage. United States. doi:10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98.
Anasori, Babak, Lukatskaya, Maria R., and Gogotsi, Yury. Tue . "2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage". United States. doi:10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98.
@article{osti_1388517,
title = {2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage},
author = {Anasori, Babak and Lukatskaya, Maria R. and Gogotsi, Yury},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98},
journal = {Nature Reviews. Materials},
issn = {2058-8437},
number = 2,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems for energy conversion and storage
journal, January 2015


Enhancement of the electrical properties of MXene Ti3C2 nanosheets by post-treatments of alkalization and calcination
journal, December 2015


Photodetectors based on graphene, other two-dimensional materials and hybrid systems
journal, October 2014

  • Koppens, F. H. L.; Mueller, T.; Avouris, Ph.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.215

Stabilization and strengthening effects of functional groups in two-dimensional titanium carbide
journal, September 2016


Correlation effects and spin-orbit interactions in two-dimensional hexagonal 5d transition metal carbides, Ta n+1 C n (n = 1,2,3)
journal, March 2013

  • Lane, Nina J.; Barsoum, Michel W.; Rondinelli, James M.
  • EPL (Europhysics Letters), Vol. 101, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/101/57004

Amine-Assisted Delamination of Nb 2 C MXene for Li-Ion Energy Storage Devices
journal, April 2015

  • Mashtalir, Olha; Lukatskaya, Maria R.; Zhao, Meng-Qiang
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201500604

Hybrids of Two-Dimensional Ti 3 C 2 and TiO 2 Exposing {001} Facets toward Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity
journal, February 2016

  • Peng, Chao; Yang, Xianfeng; Li, Yuhang
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b11973

Two-Dimensional, Ordered, Double Transition Metals Carbides (MXenes)
journal, August 2015


MXene Electrode for the Integration of WSe 2 and MoS 2 Field Effect Transistors
journal, May 2016

  • Xu, Jiao; Shim, Jaewoo; Park, Jin-Hong
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201600771

Intercalation and delamination of layered carbides and carbonitrides
journal, April 2013

  • Mashtalir, Olha; Naguib, Michael; Mochalin, Vadym N.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2664

Role of Surface Structure on Li-Ion Energy Storage Capacity of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Carbides
journal, April 2014

  • Xie, Yu; Naguib, Michael; Mochalin, Vadym N.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja501520b

Computational studies on structural and electronic properties of functionalized MXene monolayers and nanotubes
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, Xu; Ma, Zhinan; Zhao, Xudong
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06557C

Experimental and theoretical characterization of ordered MAX phases Mo 2 TiAlC 2 and Mo 2 Ti 2 AlC 3
journal, September 2015

  • Anasori, Babak; Dahlqvist, Martin; Halim, Joseph
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4929640

Manipulation of electronic and magnetic properties of M 2 C (M = Hf, Nb, Sc, Ta, Ti, V, Zr) monolayer by applying mechanical strains
journal, March 2014

  • Zhao, Shijun; Kang, Wei; Xue, Jianming
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4870515

Epitaxial growth of a silicene sheet
journal, November 2010

  • Lalmi, Boubekeur; Oughaddou, Hamid; Enriquez, Hanna
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3524215

In situ environmental transmission electron microscopy study of oxidation of two-dimensional Ti 3 C 2 and formation of carbon-supported TiO 2
journal, January 2014

  • Ghassemi, H.; Harlow, W.; Mashtalir, O.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA02583K

Thermoelectric Performance of the MXenes M 2 CO 2 (M = Ti, Zr, or Hf)
journal, February 2016


Highly Conductive Optical Quality Solution-Processed Films of 2D Titanium Carbide
journal, April 2016

  • Dillon, Andrew D.; Ghidiu, Michael J.; Krick, Alex L.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201600357

Two-dimensional molybdenum carbides: potential thermoelectric materials of the MXene family
journal, January 2014

  • Khazaei, Mohammad; Arai, Masao; Sasaki, Taizo
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 16, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4cp00467a

Resolving the Structure of Ti 3 C 2 T x MXenes through Multilevel Structural Modeling of the Atomic Pair Distribution Function
journal, December 2015


Effect of Synthesis on Quality, Electronic Properties and Environmental Stability of Individual Monolayer Ti 3 C 2 MXene Flakes
journal, November 2016

  • Lipatov, Alexey; Alhabeb, Mohamed; Lukatskaya, Maria R.
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201600255

First-principles analysis of MoS 2 /Ti 2 C and MoS 2 /Ti 2 C Y 2 ( Y = F and OH) all-2D semiconductor/metal contacts
journal, June 2013


The effect of hydrazine intercalation on the structure and capacitance of 2D titanium carbide (MXene)
journal, January 2016

  • Mashtalir, O.; Lukatskaya, M. R.; Kolesnikov, A. I.
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6NR01462C

Preparation and tribological properties of Ti 3 C 2 (OH) 2 nanosheets as additives in base oil
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, Xianghua; Xue, Maoquan; Yang, Xinghua
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4RA13800G

Ultrathin MXene-Micropattern-Based Field-Effect Transistor for Probing Neural Activity
journal, February 2016


Electromagnetic interference shielding with 2D transition metal carbides (MXenes)
journal, September 2016


Pseudocapacitance of MXene nanosheets for high-power sodium-ion hybrid capacitors
journal, April 2015

  • Wang, Xianfen; Kajiyama, Satoshi; Iinuma, Hiroki
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7544

Probing the Mechanism of High Capacitance in 2D Titanium Carbide Using In Situ X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
journal, May 2015

  • Lukatskaya, Maria R.; Bak, Seong-Min; Yu, Xiqian
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500589

Charge- and Size-Selective Ion Sieving Through Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene Membranes
journal, September 2015

  • Ren, Chang E.; Hatzell, Kelsey B.; Alhabeb, Mohamed
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b01895

Antibacterial Activity of Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene
journal, February 2016


NMR reveals the surface functionalisation of Ti 3 C 2 MXene
journal, January 2016

  • Hope, Michael A.; Forse, Alexander C.; Griffith, Kent J.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP00330C

Synthesis and electrochemical performance of Ti3C2Tx with hydrothermal process
journal, August 2016


Investigations on Nb 2 C monolayer as promising anode material for Li or non-Li ion batteries from first-principles calculations
journal, January 2016

  • Hu, Junping; Xu, Bo; Ouyang, Chuying
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 6, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5RA25028E

Organic-Base-Driven Intercalation and Delamination for the Production of Functionalized Titanium Carbide Nanosheets with Superior Photothermal Therapeutic Performance
journal, October 2016

  • Xuan, Jinnan; Wang, Zhiqiang; Chen, Yuyan
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201606643

Ti 3 C 2 MXenes with Modified Surface for High-Performance Electromagnetic Absorption and Shielding in the X-Band
journal, August 2016

  • Han, Meikang; Yin, Xiaowei; Wu, Heng
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b06455

Towards ultrahigh volumetric capacitance: graphene derived highly dense but porous carbons for supercapacitors
journal, October 2013

  • Tao, Ying; Xie, Xiaoying; Lv, Wei
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02975

Synthesis of two-dimensional titanium nitride Ti 4 N 3 (MXene)
journal, January 2016

  • Urbankowski, Patrick; Anasori, Babak; Makaryan, Taron
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6NR02253G

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of select multi-layered transition metal carbides (MXenes)
journal, January 2016


Pseudocapacitive Electrodes Produced by Oxidant-Free Polymerization of Pyrrole between the Layers of 2D Titanium Carbide (MXene)
journal, December 2015

  • Boota, Muhammad; Anasori, Babak; Voigt, Cooper
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201504705

CO 2 and temperature dual responsive “Smart” MXene phases
journal, January 2015

  • Chen, Jing; Chen, Ke; Tong, Dingyi
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC07220K

Adsorption of uranyl species on hydroxylated titanium carbide nanosheet: A first-principles study
journal, May 2016


Efficient phosphate sequestration for water purification by unique sandwich-like MXene/magnetic iron oxide nanocomposites
journal, January 2016

  • Zhang, Qingrui; Teng, Jie; Zou, Guodong
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5NR09303A

Two-Dimensional Nanocrystals Produced by Exfoliation of Ti3AlC2
journal, August 2011

  • Naguib, Michael; Kurtoglu, Murat; Presser, Volker
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 37, p. 4248-4253
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201102306

Direct Measurement of Surface Termination Groups and Their Connectivity in the 2D MXene V 2 CT x Using NMR Spectroscopy
journal, June 2015

  • Harris, Kristopher J.; Bugnet, Matthieu; Naguib, Michael
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b03038

Solving the Capacitive Paradox of 2D MXene using Electrochemical Quartz-Crystal Admittance and In Situ Electronic Conductance Measurements
journal, August 2014

  • Levi, Mikhael D.; Lukatskaya, Maria R.; Sigalov, Sergey
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201400815

Electrochemically Exfoliated Graphene as Solution-Processable, Highly Conductive Electrodes for Organic Electronics
journal, April 2013

  • Parvez, Khaled; Li, Rongjin; Puniredd, Sreenivasa Reddy
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn400576v

Dye adsorption and decomposition on two-dimensional titanium carbide in aqueous media
journal, January 2014

  • Mashtalir, O.; Cook, K. M.; Mochalin, V. N.
  • J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 2, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA02638A

Interacting Carbon Nitride and Titanium Carbide Nanosheets for High-Performance Oxygen Evolution
journal, December 2015

  • Ma, Tian Yi; Cao, Jian Liang; Jaroniec, Mietek
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201509758

Two- and One-Dimensional Honeycomb Structures of Silicon and Germanium
journal, June 2009


25th Anniversary Article: MXenes: A New Family of Two-Dimensional Materials
journal, December 2013

  • Naguib, Michael; Mochalin, Vadym N.; Barsoum, Michel W.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 7, p. 992-1005
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201304138

Molecular dynamic study of the mechanical properties of two-dimensional titanium carbides Ti n +1 C n (MXenes)
journal, June 2015


Transparent Conductive Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide Epitaxial Thin Films
journal, March 2014

  • Halim, Joseph; Lukatskaya, Maria R.; Cook, Kevin M.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm500641a

All-MXene (2D titanium carbide) solid-state microsupercapacitors for on-chip energy storage
journal, January 2016

  • Peng, You-Yu; Akuzum, Bilen; Kurra, Narendra
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01717G

Unique Lead Adsorption Behavior of Activated Hydroxyl Group in Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide
journal, March 2014

  • Peng, Qiuming; Guo, Jianxin; Zhang, Qingrui
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja500506k

Anisotropic Etching of SiC Whiskers
journal, March 2006

  • Cambaz, Goknur Z.; Yushin, Gleb N.; Gogotsi, Yury
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl051858v

Phosphorene: An Unexplored 2D Semiconductor with a High Hole Mobility
journal, March 2014

  • Liu, Han; Neal, Adam T.; Zhu, Zhen
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn501226z

Layered stacking characteristics of ternary zirconium aluminum carbides
journal, November 2007

  • Lin, Z. J.; He, L. F.; Li, M. S.
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 22, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1557/JMR.2007.0409

Two-Dimensional Dielectric Nanosheets: Novel Nanoelectronics From Nanocrystal Building Blocks
journal, October 2011

  • Osada, Minoru; Sasaki, Takayoshi
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 2, p. 210-228
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201103241

Interlayer coupling in two-dimensional titanium carbide MXenes
journal, January 2016

  • Hu, Tao; Hu, Minmin; Li, Zhaojin
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP01699E

Fabrication and thermal stability of two-dimensional carbide Ti3C2 nanosheets
journal, May 2016


Novel Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides
journal, December 2012

  • Khazaei, Mohammad; Arai, Masao; Sasaki, Taizo
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201202502

Graphene-like transition-metal nanocarbides and nanonitrides
journal, August 2013


Flexible and conductive MXene films and nanocomposites with high capacitance
journal, November 2014

  • Ling, Zheng; Ren, Chang E.; Zhao, Meng-Qiang
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1414215111

Synthesis of urchin-like rutile titania carbon nanocomposites by iron-facilitated phase transformation of MXene for environmental remediation
journal, January 2016

  • Zou, Guodong; Guo, Jianxin; Peng, Qiuming
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA07343J

Trend in crystal structure of layered ternary T -Al-C carbides ( T = Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, W, and Ta)
journal, October 2007

  • Wang, Jingyang; Zhou, Yanchun; Liao, Ting
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 22, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1557/JMR.2007.0366

Ion-Exchange and Cation Solvation Reactions in Ti 3 C 2 MXene
journal, May 2016


Probing the electrochemical capacitance of MXene nanosheets for high-performance pseudocapacitors
journal, January 2016

  • Ji, Xiao; Xu, Kui; Chen, Chi
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CP07311A

Prediction and Characterization of MXene Nanosheet Anodes for Non-Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, August 2014

  • Xie, Yu; Dall’Agnese, Yohan; Naguib, Michael
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn503921j

Investigation of magnetic and electronic properties of transition metal doped Sc 2 CT 2 (T = O, OH or F) using a first principles study
journal, January 2016

  • Yang, Jianhui; Luo, Xuepiao; Zhang, Shaozheng
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP00138F

Synthesis and characterization of two-dimensional Nb 4 C 3 (MXene)
journal, January 2014

  • Ghidiu, M.; Naguib, M.; Shi, C.
  • Chem. Commun., Vol. 50, Issue 67
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC03366C

Liquid Exfoliation of Layered Materials
journal, June 2013

  • Nicolosi, V.; Chhowalla, M.; Kanatzidis, M. G.
  • Science, Vol. 340, Issue 6139, p. 1226419
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1226419

MXenes: Reusable materials for NH3 sensor or capturer by controlling the charge injection
journal, November 2016


Nearly free electron states in MXenes
journal, May 2016


Ion Intercalation into Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Carbides: Global Screening for New High-Capacity Battery Materials
journal, October 2014

  • Eames, Christopher; Islam, M. Saiful
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja508154e

A Ti-anchored Ti 2 CO 2 monolayer (MXene) as a single-atom catalyst for CO oxidation
journal, January 2016

  • Zhang, Xu; Lei, Jincheng; Wu, Dihua
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA00554C

Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide for Efficiently Reductive Removal of Highly Toxic Chromium(VI) from Water
journal, January 2015

  • Ying, Yulong; Liu, Yu; Wang, Xinyu
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/am5074722

Ionic sieving through Ti 3 C 2 (OH) 2 MXene: First-principles calculations
journal, March 2016

  • Berdiyorov, Golibjon R.; Madjet, Mohamed E.; Mahmoud, Khaled A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4944393

Titanium carbide (MXene) nanosheets as promising microwave absorbers
journal, November 2016


Binder-free layered Ti 3 C 2 /CNTs nanocomposite anodes with enhanced capacity and long-cycle life for lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Liu, Yu; Wang, Wei; Ying, Yulong
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 44, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4DT02058H

Porous Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Carbide (MXene) Flakes for High-Performance Li-Ion Storage
journal, February 2016

  • Ren, Chang E.; Zhao, Meng-Qiang; Makaryan, Taron
  • ChemElectroChem, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600059

On the Topotactic Transformation of Ti2AlC into a Ti-C-O-F Cubic Phase by Heating in Molten Lithium Fluoride in Air
journal, October 2011


Synthesis of two-dimensional molybdenum carbide, Mo 2 C, from the gallium based atomic laminate Mo 2 Ga 2 C
journal, November 2015


Vibrational and mechanical properties of single layer MXene structures: a first-principles investigation
journal, July 2016


Atomically-thin molybdenum nitride nanosheets with exposed active surface sites for efficient hydrogen evolution
journal, January 2014

  • Xie, Junfeng; Li, Shuang; Zhang, Xiaodong
  • Chem. Sci., Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4SC02019G

First principles study of two-dimensional early transition metal carbides
journal, October 2012

  • Kurtoglu, Murat; Naguib, Michael; Gogotsi, Yury
  • MRS Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrc.2012.25

Synthesis and Characterization of 2D Molybdenum Carbide (MXene)
journal, February 2016

  • Halim, Joseph; Kota, Sankalp; Lukatskaya, Maria R.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201505328

Large-scale delamination of multi-layers transition metal carbides and carbonitrides “MXenes”
journal, January 2015

  • Naguib, Michael; Unocic, Raymond R.; Armstrong, Beth L.
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 44, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5DT01247C

Cation Intercalation and High Volumetric Capacitance of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide
journal, September 2013


Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Carbides
journal, January 2012

  • Naguib, Michael; Mashtalir, Olha; Carle, Joshua
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn204153h

The Topotactic Transformation of Ti3SiC2 into a Partially Ordered Cubic Ti  (  C 0.67Si0.06 )  Phase by the Diffusion of Si into Molten Cryolite
journal, January 1999

  • Barsoum, M. W.; El‐Raghy, T.; Farber, L.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 146, Issue 10, p. 3919-3923
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1392573

Stable, Single-Layer MX 2 Transition-Metal Oxides and Dichalcogenides in a Honeycomb-Like Structure
journal, April 2012

  • Ataca, C.; Şahin, H.; Ciraci, S.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp212558p

Predicted Surface Composition and Thermodynamic Stability of MXenes in Solution
journal, February 2016

  • Ashton, Michael; Mathew, Kiran; Hennig, Richard G.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 120, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b11887

Atomic structure, comparative stability and electronic properties of hydroxylated Ti2C and Ti3C2 nanotubes
journal, June 2012


The Crystal Structures of Zr3Al3C5, ScAl3C3, and UAl3C3and Their Relation to the Structures of U2Al3C4and Al4C3
journal, November 1998

  • Gesing, Thorsten M.; Jeitschko, Wolfgang
  • Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 140, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1006/jssc.1998.7907

All-solid-state flexible microsupercapacitor based on two-dimensional titanium carbide
journal, October 2016


Promising prospects for 2D d 2 –d 4 M 3 C 2 transition metal carbides (MXenes) in N 2 capture and conversion into ammonia
journal, January 2016

  • Azofra, Luis Miguel; Li, Neng; MacFarlane, Douglas R.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01800A

Fabrication of Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene Transparent Thin Films with Tunable Optoelectronic Properties
journal, April 2016

  • Hantanasirisakul, Kanit; Zhao, Meng-Qiang; Urbankowski, Patrick
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201600050

Theoretical Prediction of the Intrinsic Half-Metallicity in Surface-Oxygen-Passivated Cr 2 N MXene
journal, August 2016


Regulating the Electrical Behaviors of 2D Inorganic Nanomaterials for Energy Applications
journal, October 2014


Enhanced and tunable surface plasmons in two-dimensional Ti 3 C 2 stacks: Electronic structure versus boundary effects
journal, June 2014


Capacitance of Ti3C2Tx MXene in ionic liquid electrolyte
journal, September 2016


Structural Transformation of MXene (V 2 C, Cr 2 C, and Ta 2 C) with O Groups during Lithiation: A First-Principles Investigation
journal, December 2015

  • Sun, Dandan; Hu, Qianku; Chen, Jinfeng
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b03863

Capacitance of two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene) and MXene/carbon nanotube composites in organic electrolytes
journal, February 2016


Role of the surface effect on the structural, electronic and mechanical properties of the carbide MXenes
journal, July 2015


Mg intercalation into Ti2C building block
journal, June 2015


Synthesis, characterization, and tribological properties of two-dimensional Ti 3 C 2 : Synthesis, characterization, and tribological properties...
journal, October 2014

  • Yang, Jin; Chen, Beibei; Song, Haojie
  • Crystal Research and Technology, Vol. 49, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/crat.201400268

Fabrication of layered Ti 3 C 2 with an accordion-like structure as a potential cathode material for high performance lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Zhao, Xiaoqin; Liu, Min; Chen, Yong
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA07101H

Transition metal carbides go 2D
journal, August 2015


Atomically Resolved Structural and Chemical Investigation of Single MXene Sheets
journal, July 2015


Kinetics of aluminum extraction from Ti3AlC2 in hydrofluoric acid
journal, April 2013


Half-Metallic Ferromagnetism and Surface Functionalization-Induced Metal–Insulator Transition in Graphene-like Two-Dimensional Cr 2 C Crystals
journal, August 2015

  • Si, Chen; Zhou, Jian; Sun, Zhimei
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b05401

A novel nitrite biosensor based on the direct electrochemistry of hemoglobin immobilized on MXene-Ti3C2
journal, October 2015


Monolayer MXenes: promising half-metals and spin gapless semiconductors
journal, January 2016

  • Gao, Guoying; Ding, Guangqian; Li, Jie
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6NR01333C

Preparation, mechanical and anti-friction performance of MXene/polymer composites
journal, February 2016


Reaction of Al with Ti3SiC2 in the 800–1000°C temperature range
journal, January 2001


Polymer-Ti3C2Tx composite membranes to overcome the trade-off in solvent resistant nanofiltration for alcohol-based system
journal, October 2016


Sulfur Cathodes Based on Conductive MXene Nanosheets for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, February 2015

  • Liang, Xiao; Garsuch, Arnd; Nazar, Linda F.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201410174

Two-dimensional material nanophotonics
journal, November 2014


Control of electronic properties of 2D carbides (MXenes) by manipulating their transition metal layers
journal, January 2016

  • Anasori, Babak; Shi, Chenyang; Moon, Eun Ju
  • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5NH00125K

Tunable Indirect to Direct Band Gap Transition of Monolayer Sc 2 CO 2 by the Strain Effect
journal, August 2014

  • Lee, Youngbin; Cho, Sung Beom; Chung, Yong-Chae
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/am504233d

Flexible MXene/Carbon Nanotube Composite Paper with High Volumetric Capacitance
journal, November 2014

  • Zhao, Meng-Qiang; Ren, Chang E.; Ling, Zheng
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201404140

Germanene: a novel two-dimensional germanium allotrope akin to graphene and silicene
journal, September 2014


The Mn+1AXn phases: Materials science and thin-film processing
journal, February 2010

  • Eklund, Per; Beckers, Manfred; Jansson, Ulf
  • Thin Solid Films, Vol. 518, Issue 8, p. 1851-1878
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2009.07.184

Large-gap two-dimensional topological insulator in oxygen functionalized MXene
journal, August 2015


Controlling the actuation properties of MXene paper electrodes upon cation intercalation
journal, October 2015


Computational characterization of lightweight multilayer MXene Li-ion battery anodes
journal, January 2016

  • Ashton, Michael; Hennig, Richard G.; Sinnott, Susan B.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4939745

Preparation of MXene-Cu2O nanocomposite and effect on thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate
journal, September 2014


Van der Waals heterostructures
journal, July 2013

  • Geim, A. K.; Grigorieva, I. V.
  • Nature, Vol. 499, Issue 7459, p. 419-425
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12385

Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Carbide (MXene) as an Efficient Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution
journal, August 2016


Carbide-Derived Carbons - From Porous Networks to Nanotubes and Graphene
journal, February 2011

  • Presser, Volker; Heon, Min; Gogotsi, Yury
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201002094

Monolayer Ti 2 CO 2 : A Promising Candidate for NH 3 Sensor or Capturer with High Sensitivity and Selectivity
journal, June 2015

  • Yu, Xue-fang; Li, Yan-chun; Cheng, Jian-bo
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b03737

Tunable Band Structures of Heterostructured Bilayers with Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide and MXene Monolayer
journal, March 2014

  • Ma, Zhinan; Hu, Zhenpeng; Zhao, Xudong
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp500861n

Large-area high-quality 2D ultrathin Mo2C superconducting crystals
journal, August 2015

  • Xu, Chuan; Wang, Libin; Liu, Zhibo
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4374

Fabrication and electrical and thermal properties of Ti2InC, Hf2InC and (Ti,Hf)2InC
journal, June 2002


Atomic Defects in Monolayer Titanium Carbide (Ti 3 C 2 T x ) MXene
journal, September 2016


Scalable production of large quantities of defect-free few-layer graphene by shear exfoliation in liquids
journal, April 2014

  • Paton, Keith R.; Varrla, Eswaraiah; Backes, Claudia
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3944

New Two-Dimensional Niobium and Vanadium Carbides as Promising Materials for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, October 2013

  • Naguib, Michael; Halim, Joseph; Lu, Jun
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja405735d

Theoretical understanding of magnetic and electronic structures of Ti3C2 monolayer and its derivatives
journal, November 2015


Electronics based on two-dimensional materials
journal, October 2014

  • Fiori, Gianluca; Bonaccorso, Francesco; Iannaccone, Giuseppe
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.207

Topological insulators in the ordered double transition metals M 2 M C 2 MXenes ( M = Mo , W; M = Ti , Zr, Hf)
journal, September 2016


MXene nanoribbons
journal, January 2015

  • Zhao, Shijun; Kang, Wei; Xue, Jianming
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TC01721H

Electronic properties of freestanding Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene monolayers
journal, January 2016

  • Miranda, A.; Halim, J.; Barsoum, M. W.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4939971

A Two-Dimensional Zirconium Carbide by Selective Etching of Al 3 C 3 from Nanolaminated Zr 3 Al 3 C 5
journal, March 2016


Atomic-Scale Recognition of Surface Structure and Intercalation Mechanism of Ti 3 C 2 X
journal, February 2015

  • Wang, Xuefeng; Shen, Xi; Gao, Yurui
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja512820k

Micro and mesoporosity of carbon derived from ternary and binary metal carbides
journal, July 2008


Spectroscopic evidence in the visible-ultraviolet energy range of surface functionalization sites in the multilayer Ti 3 C 2 MXene
journal, May 2015


Heavy-Metal Adsorption Behavior of Two-Dimensional Alkalization-Intercalated MXene by First-Principles Calculations
journal, August 2015

  • Guo, Jianxin; Peng, Qiuming; Fu, Hui
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05426

Loading Actinides in Multilayered Structures for Nuclear Waste Treatment: The First Case Study of Uranium Capture with Vanadium Carbide MXene
journal, June 2016

  • Wang, Lin; Yuan, Liyong; Chen, Ke
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b02989

Two-Dimensional Vanadium Carbide (MXene) as Positive Electrode for Sodium-Ion Capacitors
journal, June 2015

  • Dall’Agnese, Yohan; Taberna, Pierre-Louis; Gogotsi, Yury
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00868

High capacitance of surface-modified 2D titanium carbide in acidic electrolyte
journal, November 2014


Two-dimensional flexible nanoelectronics
journal, December 2014

  • Akinwande, Deji; Petrone, Nicholas; Hone, James
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6678

Black phosphorus field-effect transistors
journal, March 2014


Elastic and Mechanical Properties of the MAX Phases
journal, August 2011


Dirac points with giant spin-orbit splitting in the electronic structure of two-dimensional transition-metal carbides
journal, October 2015


MXene: a promising transition metal carbide anode for lithium-ion batteries
journal, March 2012

  • Naguib, Michael; Come, Jérémy; Dyatkin, Boris
  • Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 16, Issue 1, p. 61-64
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2012.01.002

Phonon hydrodynamics in two-dimensional materials
journal, March 2015

  • Cepellotti, Andrea; Fugallo, Giorgia; Paulatto, Lorenzo
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7400

One-step synthesis of nanocrystalline transition metal oxides on thin sheets of disordered graphitic carbon by oxidation of MXenes
journal, January 2014

  • Naguib, Michael; Mashtalir, Olha; Lukatskaya, Maria R.
  • Chem. Commun., Vol. 50, Issue 56
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4cc01646g

Effect of Metal Ion Intercalation on the Structure of MXene and Water Dynamics on its Internal Surfaces
journal, March 2016

  • Osti, Naresh C.; Naguib, Michael; Ostadhossein, Alireza
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b01490

Conductive two-dimensional titanium carbide ‘clay’ with high volumetric capacitance
journal, November 2014

  • Ghidiu, Michael; Lukatskaya, Maria R.; Zhao, Meng-Qiang
  • Nature, Vol. 516, Issue 7529
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13970

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Functionalization of MXene Nanosheets for Polystyrene towards High Thermal Stability and Flame Retardant Properties
    journal, June 2019


    Nanogenerators as a Sustainable Power Source: State of Art, Applications, and Challenges
    journal, May 2019

    • Sripadmanabhan Indira, Sridhar; Aravind Vaithilingam, Chockalingam; Oruganti, Kameswara Satya Prakash
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano9050773

    A new paradigm of ultrathin 2D nanomaterial adsorbents in aqueous media: graphene and GO, MoS 2 , MXenes, and 2D MOFs
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhao, Pin; Jian, Meipeng; Zhang, Qi
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02935d

    Deep insights into the exfoliation properties of MAX to MXenes and the hydrogen evolution performances of 2D MXenes
    journal, January 2019

    • Cheng, Yuwen; Wang, Lijuan; Song, Yan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03859k

    A universal approach for the synthesis of two-dimensional binary compounds
    journal, July 2019

    • Shivayogimath, Abhay; Thomsen, Joachim Dahl; Mackenzie, David M. A.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 10, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-11075-2

    Low-temperature growth of epitaxial Ti 2 AlC MAX phase thin films by low-rate layer-by-layer PVD
    journal, March 2019


    Morphology-dependent third-order optical nonlinearity of a 2D Co-based metal–organic framework with a porphyrinic skeleton
    journal, January 2019

    • Niu, Ru-Jie; Zhou, Wen-Fa; Liu, Yan
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc01363f

    Facile and Robust Solvothermal Synthesis of Nanocrystalline CuInS2 Thin Films
    journal, June 2018

    • Frank, Anna; Grunwald, Jan; Breitbach, Benjamin
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 8, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano8060405