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Title: Metal–organic frameworks for electronics and photonics

Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), with their crystalline nanoporous three-dimensional structures, have emerged as unique multifunctional materials that combine high porosity with catalytic, photophysical, or other properties to reveal new fundamental science and applications. Because MOFs are composed of organic molecules linking metal centers in ways that are not usually conducive to the formation of free-charge carriers or low-energy charge-transport pathways, they are typically insulators. Accordingly, applications so far have harnessed the unique structural properties and porosity of MOFs, which depend only to a small extent on the ability to manipulate their electronic structure. An exciting new area has emerged due to the recent demonstration of MOFs with controlled electronic and optical properties, which is enabling new fundamental science and opens up the possibility of applications in electronics and photonics. This article presents an overview of the fundamental science issues related to controlling electronic and optical properties of MOFs, and how research groups worldwide have been exploring such properties for electronics, thermoelectrics, photophysics, and charge storage.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Excitonics (CE)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1388513
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0001088
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
MRS Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 11; Related Information: CE partners with Massachusetts Institute of Technology (lead); Brookhaven National Laboratory; Harvard University; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
solar (photovoltaic), solid state lighting, photosynthesis (natural and artificial), charge transport, optics, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Dincă, Mircea, and Léonard, François. Metal–organic frameworks for electronics and photonics. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.240.
Dincă, Mircea, & Léonard, François. Metal–organic frameworks for electronics and photonics. United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.240.
Dincă, Mircea, and Léonard, François. Tue . "Metal–organic frameworks for electronics and photonics". United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.240.
@article{osti_1388513,
title = {Metal–organic frameworks for electronics and photonics},
author = {Dincă, Mircea and Léonard, François},
abstractNote = {Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), with their crystalline nanoporous three-dimensional structures, have emerged as unique multifunctional materials that combine high porosity with catalytic, photophysical, or other properties to reveal new fundamental science and applications. Because MOFs are composed of organic molecules linking metal centers in ways that are not usually conducive to the formation of free-charge carriers or low-energy charge-transport pathways, they are typically insulators. Accordingly, applications so far have harnessed the unique structural properties and porosity of MOFs, which depend only to a small extent on the ability to manipulate their electronic structure. An exciting new area has emerged due to the recent demonstration of MOFs with controlled electronic and optical properties, which is enabling new fundamental science and opens up the possibility of applications in electronics and photonics. This article presents an overview of the fundamental science issues related to controlling electronic and optical properties of MOFs, and how research groups worldwide have been exploring such properties for electronics, thermoelectrics, photophysics, and charge storage.},
doi = {10.1557/mrs.2016.240},
journal = {MRS Bulletin},
issn = {0883-7694},
number = 11,
volume = 41,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {11}
}

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