skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A radially accessible tubular in situ X-ray cell for spatially resolved operando scattering and spectroscopic studies of electrochemical energy storage devices

Abstract

A tubularoperandoelectrochemical cell has been developed to allow spatially resolved X-ray scattering and spectroscopic measurements of individual cell components, or regions thereof, during device operation. These measurements are enabled by the tubular cell geometry, wherein the X-ray-transparent tube walls allow radial access for the incident and scattered/transmitted X-ray beam; by probing different depths within the electrode stack, the transformation of different components or regions can be resolved. The cell is compatible with a variety of synchrotron-based scattering, absorption and imaging methodologies. The reliability of the electrochemical cell and the quality of the resulting X-ray scattering and spectroscopic data are demonstrated for two types of energy storage: the evolution of the distribution of the state of charge of an Li-ion battery electrode during cycling is documented using X-ray powder diffraction, and the redistribution of ions between two porous carbon electrodes in an electrochemical double-layer capacitor is documented using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy.

Authors:
; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Northeastern Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1388468
DOE Contract Number:
SC0001294
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 5; Related Information: NECCES partners with Stony Brook University (lead); Argonne National Laboratory; Binghamton University; Brookhaven National University; University of California, San Diego; University of Cambridge, UK; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; University of Michigan; Rutgers University
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), defects, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Liu, Hao, Allan, Phoebe K., Borkiewicz, Olaf J., Kurtz, Charles, Grey, Clare P., Chapman, Karena W., and Chupas, Peter J. A radially accessible tubular in situ X-ray cell for spatially resolved operando scattering and spectroscopic studies of electrochemical energy storage devices. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600576716012632.
Liu, Hao, Allan, Phoebe K., Borkiewicz, Olaf J., Kurtz, Charles, Grey, Clare P., Chapman, Karena W., & Chupas, Peter J. A radially accessible tubular in situ X-ray cell for spatially resolved operando scattering and spectroscopic studies of electrochemical energy storage devices. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576716012632.
Liu, Hao, Allan, Phoebe K., Borkiewicz, Olaf J., Kurtz, Charles, Grey, Clare P., Chapman, Karena W., and Chupas, Peter J. Fri . "A radially accessible tubular in situ X-ray cell for spatially resolved operando scattering and spectroscopic studies of electrochemical energy storage devices". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576716012632.
@article{osti_1388468,
title = {A radially accessible tubular in situ X-ray cell for spatially resolved operando scattering and spectroscopic studies of electrochemical energy storage devices},
author = {Liu, Hao and Allan, Phoebe K. and Borkiewicz, Olaf J. and Kurtz, Charles and Grey, Clare P. and Chapman, Karena W. and Chupas, Peter J.},
abstractNote = {A tubularoperandoelectrochemical cell has been developed to allow spatially resolved X-ray scattering and spectroscopic measurements of individual cell components, or regions thereof, during device operation. These measurements are enabled by the tubular cell geometry, wherein the X-ray-transparent tube walls allow radial access for the incident and scattered/transmitted X-ray beam; by probing different depths within the electrode stack, the transformation of different components or regions can be resolved. The cell is compatible with a variety of synchrotron-based scattering, absorption and imaging methodologies. The reliability of the electrochemical cell and the quality of the resulting X-ray scattering and spectroscopic data are demonstrated for two types of energy storage: the evolution of the distribution of the state of charge of an Li-ion battery electrode during cycling is documented using X-ray powder diffraction, and the redistribution of ions between two porous carbon electrodes in an electrochemical double-layer capacitor is documented using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600576716012632},
journal = {Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)},
number = 5,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Sep 16 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Sep 16 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}