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Title: Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission

Abstract

Metasurfaces are planar structures that locally modify the polarization, phase and amplitude of light in reflection or transmission, thus enabling lithographically patterned flat optical components with functionalities controlled by design1,2. Transmissive metasurfaces are especially important, as most optical systems used in practice operate in transmission. Several types of transmissive metasurface have been realized3,4,5,6, but with either low transmission efficiencies or limited control over polarization and phase. Here, we show a metasurface platform based on high-contrast dielectric elliptical nanoposts that provides complete control of polarization and phase with subwavelength spatial resolution and an experimentally measured efficiency ranging from 72% to 97%, depending on the exact design. Such complete control enables the realization of most free-space transmissive optical elements such as lenses, phase plates, wave plates, polarizers, beamsplitters, as well as polarization-switchable phase holograms and arbitrary vector beam generators using the same metamaterial platform.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1387261
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0001293
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 11; Related Information: LMI partners with California Institute of Technology (lead); Harvard University; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-3387
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; solar (photovoltaic), solid state lighting, phonons, thermal conductivity, electrodes - solar, materials and chemistry by design, optics, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly)

Citation Formats

Arbabi, Amir, Horie, Yu, Bagheri, Mahmood, and Faraon, Andrei. Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.186.
Arbabi, Amir, Horie, Yu, Bagheri, Mahmood, & Faraon, Andrei. Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission. United States. doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.186.
Arbabi, Amir, Horie, Yu, Bagheri, Mahmood, and Faraon, Andrei. Mon . "Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission". United States. doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.186.
@article{osti_1387261,
title = {Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission},
author = {Arbabi, Amir and Horie, Yu and Bagheri, Mahmood and Faraon, Andrei},
abstractNote = {Metasurfaces are planar structures that locally modify the polarization, phase and amplitude of light in reflection or transmission, thus enabling lithographically patterned flat optical components with functionalities controlled by design1,2. Transmissive metasurfaces are especially important, as most optical systems used in practice operate in transmission. Several types of transmissive metasurface have been realized3,4,5,6, but with either low transmission efficiencies or limited control over polarization and phase. Here, we show a metasurface platform based on high-contrast dielectric elliptical nanoposts that provides complete control of polarization and phase with subwavelength spatial resolution and an experimentally measured efficiency ranging from 72% to 97%, depending on the exact design. Such complete control enables the realization of most free-space transmissive optical elements such as lenses, phase plates, wave plates, polarizers, beamsplitters, as well as polarization-switchable phase holograms and arbitrary vector beam generators using the same metamaterial platform.},
doi = {10.1038/nnano.2015.186},
journal = {Nature Nanotechnology},
issn = {1748-3387},
number = 11,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

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