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Title: Preparation of fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups by radiation-induced grafting and application to uranium recovery from sea water

Abstract

Polypropylene fibers and polyethylene hollow fibers were used as trunk polymers and were irradiated by electron beams with a dose of 200 kGy under N{sub 2} atmosphere. Grafting of acrylonitrile to those irradiated fibers was carried out at 40{degree} C for different periods of time. The degree of grafting was determined as a function of time. The fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups were prepared by the reaction of acrylonitrile-grafted polymers with 3% hydroxylamine in a methanol-water mixture (1:1). Distribution of copper ions complexed with amidoxime groups at various adsorption times was obtained by electron-probe X-ray microanalysis. The amidoxime groups are homogeneously distributed in the cross section of fibrous adsorbents. The fibrous adsorbents based upon polypropylene fiber of 40 {mu}m showed a remarkable kinetic behavior for Cu{sup 2+}. Even after 15 min, the adsorption capacity was 2.32 mmol Cu{sup 2+} per gram of fiber. Also, the functionalization with hydroxylamine was carried out at different conditions to compare the adsorption characteristics of the resultant adsorbents. Despite having superficially different properties (elemental microanalysis, ion-exchange capacities, adsorption capacity for UO{sup 2+}{sub 2}), the polypropylene-based fibrous adsorbents showed similar adsorption properties for uranium from sea water. The adsorption tests proved the performance of the polypropylene-basedmore » fibrous adsorbents as a promising material for uranium recovery from sea water. In addition, uranium uptake of fibrous adsorbents increased in proportion to the volume of sea water.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment (Japan)
  2. Kumamoto Univ. (Japan)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
138670
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: PBD: 20 Jul 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; POLYPROPYLENE; CHEMICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; POLYETHYLENES; URANIUM; MATERIALS RECOVERY; ADSORBENTS; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; FIBERS; ELECTRON BEAMS; ACRYLONITRILE; GRAFT POLYMERS; SORPTIVE PROPERTIES; SEAWATER; HYDROXYLAMINE; PERFORMANCE

Citation Formats

Kabay, N, Katakai, A, Sugo, T, and Egawa, H. Preparation of fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups by radiation-induced grafting and application to uranium recovery from sea water. United States: N. p., 1993. Web. doi:10.1002/app.1993.070490406.
Kabay, N, Katakai, A, Sugo, T, & Egawa, H. Preparation of fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups by radiation-induced grafting and application to uranium recovery from sea water. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070490406
Kabay, N, Katakai, A, Sugo, T, and Egawa, H. 1993. "Preparation of fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups by radiation-induced grafting and application to uranium recovery from sea water". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070490406.
@article{osti_138670,
title = {Preparation of fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups by radiation-induced grafting and application to uranium recovery from sea water},
author = {Kabay, N and Katakai, A and Sugo, T and Egawa, H},
abstractNote = {Polypropylene fibers and polyethylene hollow fibers were used as trunk polymers and were irradiated by electron beams with a dose of 200 kGy under N{sub 2} atmosphere. Grafting of acrylonitrile to those irradiated fibers was carried out at 40{degree} C for different periods of time. The degree of grafting was determined as a function of time. The fibrous adsorbents containing amidoxime groups were prepared by the reaction of acrylonitrile-grafted polymers with 3% hydroxylamine in a methanol-water mixture (1:1). Distribution of copper ions complexed with amidoxime groups at various adsorption times was obtained by electron-probe X-ray microanalysis. The amidoxime groups are homogeneously distributed in the cross section of fibrous adsorbents. The fibrous adsorbents based upon polypropylene fiber of 40 {mu}m showed a remarkable kinetic behavior for Cu{sup 2+}. Even after 15 min, the adsorption capacity was 2.32 mmol Cu{sup 2+} per gram of fiber. Also, the functionalization with hydroxylamine was carried out at different conditions to compare the adsorption characteristics of the resultant adsorbents. Despite having superficially different properties (elemental microanalysis, ion-exchange capacities, adsorption capacity for UO{sup 2+}{sub 2}), the polypropylene-based fibrous adsorbents showed similar adsorption properties for uranium from sea water. The adsorption tests proved the performance of the polypropylene-based fibrous adsorbents as a promising material for uranium recovery from sea water. In addition, uranium uptake of fibrous adsorbents increased in proportion to the volume of sea water.},
doi = {10.1002/app.1993.070490406},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/138670}, journal = {Journal of Applied Polymer Science},
number = 4,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {1993},
month = {7}
}