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Title: Se 77 NMR investigation of the K x Fe 2 - y Se 2 high- T c superconductor ( T c = 33 K)

Abstract

We report comprehensive 77 Se NMR measurements on a single crystalline sample of the recently discovered FeSe-based high-temperature superconductor K x Fe 2 - y Se 2 ( T c = 33 K) in a broad temperature range up to 290 K. Despite deviations from the stoichiometric KFe 2 Se 2 composition, we observed 77 Se NMR line shapes as narrow as 4.5 kHz under a magnetic field applied along the crystal c axis, and found no evidence for co-existence of magnetic order with superconductivity. On the other hand, the 77 Se NMR line shape splits into two peaks with equal intensities at all temperatures when we apply the magnetic field along the ab plane. This suggests that K vacancies may have a superstructure and that the local symmetry of the Se sites is lower than the tetragonal fourfold symmetry of the average structure. This effect might be a prerequisite for stabilizing the s ± symmetry of superconductivity in the absence of the hole bands at the Brillouin zone center. From the increase of NMR linewidth below T c induced by the Abrikosov lattice of superconducting vortices, we estimate the in-plane penetration depth λ ab ~ 290 nm and themore » carrier concentration n e ~ 1 × 10 + 21 cm - 3 . Our Knight shift 77 K data indicate that the uniform spin susceptibility decreases progressively with temperature, in analogy with the case of FeSe ( T c ~ 9 K) as well as other FeAs high- T c systems. The strong suppression of 77 K observed immediately below T c for all crystal orientations is consistent with a singlet pairing of Cooper pairs. We do not however observe the Hebel-Slichter coherence peak of the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 / T 1 immediately below T c , expected for conventional BCS s-wave superconductors. In contrast with the case of FeSe, we do not observe evidence for an enhancement of low-frequency antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations near T c in 1 / T 1 T . Instead, 1 / T 1 T exhibits qualitatively the same behavior as overdoped non-superconducting Ba(Fe 1 - x Co x ) 2 As 2 with x ~ 0 . 14 or greater, where hole bands are missing in the Brillouin zone center. We will discuss the implications of our results on the unknown mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity in FeSe and FeAs systems.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1385538
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 83; Journal Issue: 10; Related Information: CES partners with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Argonne National Laboratory; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; phonons, thermal conductivity, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), superconductivity, defects, spin dynamics

Citation Formats

Torchetti, D. A., Fu, M., Christensen, D. C., Nelson, K. J., Imai, T., Lei, H. C., and Petrovic, C. Se77 NMR investigation of the Kx Fe 2-y Se 2 high- Tc superconductor ( Tc=33 K). United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104508.
Torchetti, D. A., Fu, M., Christensen, D. C., Nelson, K. J., Imai, T., Lei, H. C., & Petrovic, C. Se77 NMR investigation of the Kx Fe 2-y Se 2 high- Tc superconductor ( Tc=33 K). United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104508.
Torchetti, D. A., Fu, M., Christensen, D. C., Nelson, K. J., Imai, T., Lei, H. C., and Petrovic, C. Tue . "Se77 NMR investigation of the Kx Fe 2-y Se 2 high- Tc superconductor ( Tc=33 K)". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104508.
@article{osti_1385538,
title = {Se77 NMR investigation of the Kx Fe 2-y Se 2 high- Tc superconductor ( Tc=33 K)},
author = {Torchetti, D. A. and Fu, M. and Christensen, D. C. and Nelson, K. J. and Imai, T. and Lei, H. C. and Petrovic, C.},
abstractNote = {We report comprehensive 77 Se NMR measurements on a single crystalline sample of the recently discovered FeSe-based high-temperature superconductor K x Fe 2 - y Se 2 ( T c = 33 K) in a broad temperature range up to 290 K. Despite deviations from the stoichiometric KFe 2 Se 2 composition, we observed 77 Se NMR line shapes as narrow as 4.5 kHz under a magnetic field applied along the crystal c axis, and found no evidence for co-existence of magnetic order with superconductivity. On the other hand, the 77 Se NMR line shape splits into two peaks with equal intensities at all temperatures when we apply the magnetic field along the ab plane. This suggests that K vacancies may have a superstructure and that the local symmetry of the Se sites is lower than the tetragonal fourfold symmetry of the average structure. This effect might be a prerequisite for stabilizing the s ± symmetry of superconductivity in the absence of the hole bands at the Brillouin zone center. From the increase of NMR linewidth below T c induced by the Abrikosov lattice of superconducting vortices, we estimate the in-plane penetration depth λ ab ~ 290 nm and the carrier concentration n e ~ 1 × 10 + 21 cm - 3 . Our Knight shift 77 K data indicate that the uniform spin susceptibility decreases progressively with temperature, in analogy with the case of FeSe ( T c ~ 9 K) as well as other FeAs high- T c systems. The strong suppression of 77 K observed immediately below T c for all crystal orientations is consistent with a singlet pairing of Cooper pairs. We do not however observe the Hebel-Slichter coherence peak of the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 / T 1 immediately below T c , expected for conventional BCS s-wave superconductors. In contrast with the case of FeSe, we do not observe evidence for an enhancement of low-frequency antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations near T c in 1 / T 1 T . Instead, 1 / T 1 T exhibits qualitatively the same behavior as overdoped non-superconducting Ba(Fe 1 - x Co x ) 2 As 2 with x ~ 0 . 14 or greater, where hole bands are missing in the Brillouin zone center. We will discuss the implications of our results on the unknown mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity in FeSe and FeAs systems.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104508},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
issn = {1098-0121},
number = 10,
volume = 83,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {3}
}

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