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Title: Low superfluid density and possible multigap superconductivity in the BiS 2 -based layered superconductor Bi 4 O 4 S 3

Abstract

The magnetic penetration depth λ as a function of temperature in Bi 4 O 4 S 3 was studied by muon-spin-spectroscopy measurements. The superfluid density of Bi 4 O 4 S 3 is found to be very low. The dependence of λ - 2 on temperature possibly suggests the existence of two s -wave-type energy gaps with the zero-temperature values of 0.93 (3) and 0.09 (4) meV. The upturn in the temperature dependence of the upper critical field close to T c further supports multigap superconductivity in Bi 4 O 4 S 3 . The presence of two superconducting energy gaps is consistent with theoretical and other experimental studies. However, a single-gap s -wave model fit with a gap of 0.88 (2) meV cannot be ruled out completely. The value of λ ( T ) at T = 0 K is estimated to be λ ( 0 ) = 861 ( 17 ) nm, one of the largest of all known layered superconductors, reflecting a very low superfluid density.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1385454
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 22; Related Information: CES partners with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Argonne National Laboratory; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; phonons, thermal conductivity, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), superconductivity, defects, spin dynamics

Citation Formats

Biswas, P. K., Amato, A., Baines, C., Khasanov, R., Luetkens, H., Lei, Hechang, Petrovic, C., and Morenzoni, E. Low superfluid density and possible multigap superconductivity in the BiS2 -based layered superconductor Bi4O4S3. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.224515.
Biswas, P. K., Amato, A., Baines, C., Khasanov, R., Luetkens, H., Lei, Hechang, Petrovic, C., & Morenzoni, E. Low superfluid density and possible multigap superconductivity in the BiS2 -based layered superconductor Bi4O4S3. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.224515.
Biswas, P. K., Amato, A., Baines, C., Khasanov, R., Luetkens, H., Lei, Hechang, Petrovic, C., and Morenzoni, E. Sun . "Low superfluid density and possible multigap superconductivity in the BiS2 -based layered superconductor Bi4O4S3". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.224515.
@article{osti_1385454,
title = {Low superfluid density and possible multigap superconductivity in the BiS2 -based layered superconductor Bi4O4S3},
author = {Biswas, P. K. and Amato, A. and Baines, C. and Khasanov, R. and Luetkens, H. and Lei, Hechang and Petrovic, C. and Morenzoni, E.},
abstractNote = {The magnetic penetration depth λ as a function of temperature in Bi 4 O 4 S 3 was studied by muon-spin-spectroscopy measurements. The superfluid density of Bi 4 O 4 S 3 is found to be very low. The dependence of λ - 2 on temperature possibly suggests the existence of two s -wave-type energy gaps with the zero-temperature values of 0.93 (3) and 0.09 (4) meV. The upturn in the temperature dependence of the upper critical field close to T c further supports multigap superconductivity in Bi 4 O 4 S 3 . The presence of two superconducting energy gaps is consistent with theoretical and other experimental studies. However, a single-gap s -wave model fit with a gap of 0.88 (2) meV cannot be ruled out completely. The value of λ ( T ) at T = 0 K is estimated to be λ ( 0 ) = 861 ( 17 ) nm, one of the largest of all known layered superconductors, reflecting a very low superfluid density.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.88.224515},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
issn = {1098-0121},
number = 22,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {12}
}

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