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Title: Mechanisms for mechanical trapping of geologically sequestered carbon dioxide

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the Royal Society. A. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences; Journal Volume: 471; Journal Issue: 2175; Related Information: NCGC partners with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (lead); University of California, Davis; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Ohio State University; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Washington University, St. Louis
Country of Publication:
United States
bio-inspired, mechanical behavior, carbon sequestration

Citation Formats

Cohen, Y., and Rothman, D. H.. Mechanisms for mechanical trapping of geologically sequestered carbon dioxide. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1098/rspa.2014.0853.
Cohen, Y., & Rothman, D. H.. Mechanisms for mechanical trapping of geologically sequestered carbon dioxide. United States. doi:10.1098/rspa.2014.0853.
Cohen, Y., and Rothman, D. H.. 2015. "Mechanisms for mechanical trapping of geologically sequestered carbon dioxide". United States. doi:10.1098/rspa.2014.0853.
title = {Mechanisms for mechanical trapping of geologically sequestered carbon dioxide},
author = {Cohen, Y. and Rothman, D. H.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1098/rspa.2014.0853},
journal = {Proceedings of the Royal Society. A. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
number = 2175,
volume = 471,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 1
  • The authors report the first results on an enzyme-induced reaction within the water core of reverse micelles that have been formed in supercritical CO{sub 2} (scCO{sub 2}). By using a perfluoropolyether ammonium carboxylate (PFPE) surfactant, the authors form reverse micelles in scCO{sub 2} with water cores and the authors show that the oxidation of cholesterol by cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The results of their experiments also show that (1) the optimum ChOx activity occurs when the molar ratio of H{sub 2}O-to-PFPE (R) exceeds {approximately}12, (2) the rate constant describing the conversion of the ChOx-cholesterol complex to product ({kappa}{submore » cat,app}) is similar to values reported using reverse micelle systems formed in liquid alkanes, (3) the equilibrium constant that describes the ChOx-cholesterol complex dissociation (K{sub m,app}) is optimal at high R values, (4) the best-case K{sub m,app} is {approximately}2-fold better than the value reported using reverse micelles formed in liquid alkanes, (5) there is little change in the ChOx {kappa}{sub cat,app} and K{sub m,app} as the authors adjust the CO{sub 2} pressure between 100 and 260 bar, and (6) the ChOx was active within the PFPE water pool for at least 5 h; however, after 8 or more hours within the PFPE water pool, ChOx became temporarily inactive.« less
  • The objective of our research is to design a single-well injection-withdrawal test to evaluate residual phase trapping at potential CO{sub 2} geological storage sites. Given the significant depths targeted for CO{sub 2} storage and the resulting high costs associated with drilling to those depths, it is attractive to develop a single-well test that can provide data to assess reservoir properties and reduce uncertainties in the appraisal phase of site investigation. The main challenges in a single-well test design include (1) difficulty in quantifying the amount of CO{sub 2} that has dissolved into brine or migrated away from the borehole; (2)more » non-uniqueness and uncertainty in the estimate of the residual gas saturation (S{sub gr}) due to correlations among various parameters; and (3) the potential biased S{sub gr} estimate due to unaccounted heterogeneity of the geological medium. To address each of these challenges, we propose (1) to use a physical-based model to simulation test sequence and inverse modeling to analyze data information content and to quantify uncertainty; (2) to jointly use multiple data types generated from different kinds of tests to constrain the Sgr estimate; and (3) to reduce the sensitivity of the designed tests to geological heterogeneity by conducting the same test sequence in both a water-saturated system and a system with residual gas saturation. To perform the design calculation, we build a synthetic model and conduct a formal analysis for sensitivity and uncertain quantification. Both parametric uncertainty and geological uncertainty are considered in the analysis. Results show (1) uncertainty in the estimation of Sgr can be reduced by jointly using multiple data types and repeated tests; and (2) geological uncertainty is essential and needs to be accounted for in the estimation of S{sub gr} and its uncertainty. The proposed methodology is applied to the design of a CO{sub 2} injection test at CO2CRC's Otway Project Site, Victoria, Australia.« less