skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Light trapping in photonic crystals

; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion (CNEEC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Energy & Environmental Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 8; Related Information: CNEEC partners with Stanford University (lead); Carnegie Institution at Stanford; Technical University of Denmark; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-5692
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), photosynthesis (natural and artificial), bio-inspired, electrodes - solar, defects, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Wang, Ken Xingze, Yu, Zongfu, Liu, Victor, Raman, Aaswath, Cui, Yi, and Fan, Shanhui. Light trapping in photonic crystals. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1039/C4EE00839A.
Wang, Ken Xingze, Yu, Zongfu, Liu, Victor, Raman, Aaswath, Cui, Yi, & Fan, Shanhui. Light trapping in photonic crystals. United States. doi:10.1039/C4EE00839A.
Wang, Ken Xingze, Yu, Zongfu, Liu, Victor, Raman, Aaswath, Cui, Yi, and Fan, Shanhui. Wed . "Light trapping in photonic crystals". United States. doi:10.1039/C4EE00839A.
title = {Light trapping in photonic crystals},
author = {Wang, Ken Xingze and Yu, Zongfu and Liu, Victor and Raman, Aaswath and Cui, Yi and Fan, Shanhui},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1039/C4EE00839A},
journal = {Energy & Environmental Science},
issn = {1754-5692},
number = 8,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {1}

Works referenced in this record:

Anti-reflective coatings: A critical, in-depth review
journal, January 2011

  • Raut, Hemant Kumar; Ganesh, V. Anand; Nair, A. Sreekumaran
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1ee01297e

Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns
journal, January 2012

  • Bozzola, Angelo; Liscidini, Marco; Andreani, Lucio Claudio
  • Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue S2
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.00A224

High-efficiency photonic crystal solar cell architecture
journal, January 2009

  • Chutinan, Alongkarn; Kherani, Nazir P.; Zukotynski, Stefan
  • Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.008871

On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals
journal, November 2001

  • Vlasov, Yurii A.; Bo, Xiang-Zheng; Sturm, James C.
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6861, p. 289-293
  • DOI: 10.1038/35104529

Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Based on a Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystal
journal, July 2010

  • Guldin, Stefan; Hüttner, Sven; Kolle, Matthias
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl904017t

Solar Cell Light Trapping beyond the Ray Optic Limit
journal, December 2011

  • Callahan, Dennis M.; Munday, Jeremy N.; Atwater, Harry A.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl203351k

Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells
journal, January 2009

  • Park, Yeonsang; Drouard, Emmanuel; El Daif, Ounsi
  • Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.014312

Light Trapping in Solar Cells: Can Periodic Beat Random?
journal, February 2012

  • Battaglia, Corsin; Hsu, Ching-Mei; Söderström, Karin
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn300287j

Near perfect solar absorption in ultra-thin-film GaAs photonic crystals
journal, January 2014

  • Eyderman, Sergey; Deinega, Alexei; John, Sajeev
  • J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3TA13655H

Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics
journal, February 2012

  • Polman, Albert; Atwater, Harry A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3263

Intensity enhancement in textured optical sheets for solar cells
journal, February 1982

  • Yablonovitch, E.; Cody, G. D.
  • IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 29, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/T-ED.1982.20700

The dielectric constant of a composite material—A problem in classical physics
journal, July 1978

Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators
journal, January 2003

  • Fan, Shanhui; Suh, Wonjoo; Joannopoulos, J. D.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 20, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.20.000569

Light trapping and near-unity solar absorption in a three-dimensional photonic-crystal
journal, January 2013

  • Kuang, Ping; Deinega, Alexei; Hsieh, Mei-Li
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.38.004200

Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures
journal, April 2014

  • Brongersma, Mark L.; Cui, Yi; Fan, Shanhui
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3921

Origin of Light-Harvesting Enhancement in Colloidal-Photonic-Crystal-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
journal, August 2005

  • Mihi, A.; Míguez, H.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 109, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp051828g

Resonances and absorption enhancement in thin film silicon solar cells with periodic interface texture
journal, April 2011

  • Haug, F. -J.; Söderström, K.; Naqavi, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3569689

The limiting efficiency of silicon solar cells under concentrated sunlight
journal, February 1986

  • Campbell, P.; Green, M.A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 33, Issue 2, p. 234-239
  • DOI: 10.1109/T-ED.1986.22472

Light Trapping Textures Designed by Electromagnetic Optimization for Subwavelength Thick Solar Cells
journal, January 2014

Optimization-based design of surface textures for thin-film Si solar cells
journal, January 2011

  • Sheng, Xing; Johnson, Steven G.; Michel, Jurgen
  • Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue S4
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.00A841

Photonic Crystal Geometry for Organic Solar Cells
journal, July 2009

  • Ko, Doo-Hyun; Tumbleston, John R.; Zhang, Lei
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl901232p

Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping
journal, April 2013

  • Eyderman, Sergey; John, Sajeev; Deinega, Alexei
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4802442

Absorption Enhancement in Ultrathin Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells with Antireflection and Light-Trapping Nanocone Gratings
journal, February 2012

  • Wang, Ken Xingze; Yu, Zongfu; Liu, Victor
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl204550q

The Occurrence of Singularities in the Elastic Frequency Distribution of a Crystal
journal, March 1953

Sum rule for local densities of states in absorbing dielectrics
journal, July 2008

A three-dimensional optical photonic crystal with designed point defects
journal, June 2004

  • Qi, Minghao; Lidorikis, Elefterios; Rakich, Peter T.
  • Nature, Vol. 429, Issue 6991
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02575

Light trapping and absorption optimization in certain thin-film photonic crystal architectures
journal, August 2008

Photonic crystal structures for light trapping in thin-film Si solar cells: Modeling, process and optimizations
journal, March 2014

Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices
journal, February 2010

  • Atwater, Harry A.; Polman, Albert
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 3, p. 205-213
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2629

Wavelength‐selective absorption enhancement in thin‐film solar cells
journal, September 1983

  • Sheng, Ping; Bloch, A. N.; Stepleman, R. S.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.94432

Nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells
journal, November 2012

  • Mokkapati, S.; Catchpole, K. R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 112, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4747795

Thermodynamic limit to light trapping in thin planar structures
journal, January 1997

  • Stuart, Howard R.; Hall, Dennis G.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 14, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.14.003001

Photonic band gaps in three dimensions: New layer-by-layer periodic structures
journal, February 1994

Thermodynamic Upper Bound on Broadband Light Coupling with Photonic Structures
journal, October 2012

Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis
journal, January 2001

  • Johnson, Steven; Joannopoulos, John
  • Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 3, p. 173-190
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.8.000173

Tandem photonic-crystal thin films surpassing Lambertian light-trapping limit over broad bandwidth and angular range
journal, March 2014

  • Oskooi, Ardavan; Tanaka, Yoshinori; Noda, Susumu
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4867892

Light trapping in solar cells at the extreme coupling limit
journal, December 2012

  • Naqavi, Ali; Haug, Franz-Josef; Battaglia, Corsin
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 30, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.30.000013

S4 : A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures
journal, October 2012

Large-Area Free-Standing Ultrathin Single-Crystal Silicon as Processable Materials
journal, August 2013

  • Wang, Shuang; Weil, Benjamin D.; Li, Yanbin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl402230v

Bounds on the complex permittivity of a two‐component composite material
journal, August 1981

  • Milton, G. W.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 52, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.329385

Why trap light?
journal, November 2012

Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity
journal, February 2005

  • Song, Bong-Shik; Noda, Susumu; Asano, Takashi
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1320

Silicon solar cells: state of the art
journal, August 2013

  • Green, Martin A.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 371, Issue 1996
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0413

Optimal light trapping in ultra-thin photonic crystal crystalline silicon solar cells
journal, January 2010

  • Mallick, Shrestha Basu; Agrawal, Mukul; Peumans, Peter
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.005691

Nanostructures for photon management in solar cells
journal, January 2013

Maximum statistical increase of optical absorption in textured semiconductor films
journal, January 1983

  • Deckman, H. W.; Roxlo, C. B.; Yablonovitch, E.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.8.000491

Density of states functions for photonic crystals
journal, January 2004

Sum Rule for Modified Spontaneous Emission Rates
journal, September 1996

A three-dimensional photonic crystal operating at infrared wavelengths
journal, July 1998

  • Lin, S. Y.; Fleming, J. G.; Hetherington, D. L.
  • Nature, Vol. 394, Issue 6690, p. 251-253
  • DOI: 10.1038/28343

Thin film solar cell design based on photonic crystal and diffractive grating structures
journal, January 2008

  • Mutitu, James G.; Shi, Shouyuan; Chen, Caihua
  • Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.015238

Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells
journal, January 2013

  • Sandhu, Sunil; Yu, Zongfu; Fan, Shanhui
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.001209

Strong broadband optical absorption in silicon nanowire films
journal, July 2007

  • Tsakalakos, Loucas; Balch, Joleyn E.; Fronheiser, Jody
  • Journal of Nanophotonics, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Article No. 013552
  • DOI: 10.1117/1.2768999

Statistical ray optics
journal, July 1982

  • Yablonovitch, Eli
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 72, Issue 7, p. 899-907
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSA.72.000899

Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating 
journal, January 2010

  • Yu, Zongfu; Raman, Aaswath; Fan, Shanhui
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue S3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.00A366

Enhanced optical absorption in nanopatterned silicon thin films with a nano-cone-hole structure for photovoltaic applications
journal, January 2011

  • Du, Qing Guo; Kam, Chan Hin; Demir, Hilmi Volkan
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 9, p. 1713-1715
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.36.001713

Angular constraint on light-trapping absorption enhancement in solar cells
journal, January 2011

  • Yu, Zongfu; Fan, Shanhui
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 98, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3532099

Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light-emitting diodes: analytical solutions
journal, January 2002

  • Green, Martin A.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.404

The effect of photonic bandgap materials on the Shockley-Queisser limit
journal, September 2012

  • Munday, Jeremy N.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 112, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4742983

Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells
journal, September 2010

  • Yu, Zongfu; Raman, Aaswath; Fan, Shanhui
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 41, p. 17491-17496
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1008296107

Light trapping beyond the 4 n 2 limit in thin waveguides
journal, March 2012

  • Munday, Jeremy N.; Callahan, Dennis M.; Atwater, Harry A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3695156

Epitaxial growth of three-dimensionally architectured optoelectronic devices
journal, July 2011

  • Nelson, Erik C.; Dias, Neville L.; Bassett, Kevin P.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3071