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Title: Review of high efficiency and clean reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center (CEFRC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Progress in Energy and Combustion Science; Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CEFRC partners with Princeton University (lead); Argonne National Laboratory; University of Connecticut; Cornell University; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; University of Minnesota; Sandia National Laboratories; University of Southern California; Stanford University; University of Wisconsin, Madison
Country of Publication:
United States
biofuels (including algae and biomass), hydrogen and fuel cells, combustion, carbon capture

Citation Formats

Reitz, Rolf D., and Duraisamy, Ganesh. Review of high efficiency and clean reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.pecs.2014.05.003.
Reitz, Rolf D., & Duraisamy, Ganesh. Review of high efficiency and clean reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines. United States. doi:10.1016/j.pecs.2014.05.003.
Reitz, Rolf D., and Duraisamy, Ganesh. 2015. "Review of high efficiency and clean reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines". United States. doi:10.1016/j.pecs.2014.05.003.
title = {Review of high efficiency and clean reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines},
author = {Reitz, Rolf D. and Duraisamy, Ganesh},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.pecs.2014.05.003},
journal = {Progress in Energy and Combustion Science},
number = C,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 2
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  • This report summarizes activities related to the revised STATEMENT OF PROJECT OBJECTIVES (SOPO) dated June 2010 for the Development of High-Efficiency Clean Combustion engine Designs for Spark-Ignition and Compression-Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC26-05NT42415) project. In both the spark- (SI) and compression-ignition (CI) development activities covered in this program, the goal was to develop potential production-viable internal combustion engine system technologies that both reduce fuel consumption and simultaneously met exhaust emission targets. To be production-viable, engine technologies were also evaluated to determine if they would meet customer expectations of refinement in terms of noise, vibration, performance, driveability, etc.more » in addition to having an attractive business case and value. Prior to this activity, only proprietary theoretical / laboratory knowledge existed on the combustion technologies explored The research reported here expands and develops this knowledge to determine series-production viability. Significant SI and CI engine development occurred during this program within General Motors, LLC over more than five years. In the SI program, several engines were designed and developed that used both a relatively simple multi-lift valve train system and a Fully Flexible Valve Actuation (FFVA) system to enable a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion process. Many technical challenges, which were unknown at the start of this program, were identified and systematically resolved through analysis, test and development. This report documents the challenges and solutions for each SOPO deliverable. As a result of the project activities, the production viability of the developed clean combustion technologies has been determined. At this time, HCCI combustion for SI engines is not considered production-viable for several reasons. HCCI combustion is excessively sensitive to control variables such as internal dilution level and charge temperature. As a result, HCCI combustion has limited robustness when variables exceed the required narrow ranges determined in this program. HCCI combustion is also not available for the entire range of production engine speeds and loads, (i.e., the dynamic range is limited). Thus, regular SI combustion must be employed for a majority of the full dynamic range of the engine. This degrades the potential fuel economy impact of HCCI combustion. Currently-available combustion control actuators for the simple valve train system engine do not have the authority for continuous air - fuel or torque control for managing the combustion mode transitions between SI and HCCI and thus, require further refinement to meet customer refinement expectations. HCCI combustion control sensors require further development to enable robust long-term HCCI combustion control. Finally, the added technologies required to effectively manage HCCI combustion such as electric cam phasers, central direct fuel injection, cylinder pressure sensing, high-flow exhaust gas recirculation system, etc. add excessive on-engine cost and complexity that erodes the production-viability business« less