skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Safety Case ? Iterations from Generic Studies to License Application.

Abstract

Abstract not provided.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5)
OSTI Identifier:
1380198
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-8636PE
647117
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the JRC Meeting held September 12-16, 2016 in Ispra, Italy.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

MacKinnon, Robert J. Safety Case ? Iterations from Generic Studies to License Application.. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
MacKinnon, Robert J. Safety Case ? Iterations from Generic Studies to License Application.. United States.
MacKinnon, Robert J. 2016. "Safety Case ? Iterations from Generic Studies to License Application.". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1380198.
@article{osti_1380198,
title = {Safety Case ? Iterations from Generic Studies to License Application.},
author = {MacKinnon, Robert J.},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • This five-volume report contains 141 papers out of the 175 that were presented at the Sixteenth Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, during the week of October 24-27, 1988. The papers are printed in the order of their presentation in each session and describe progress and results of programs in nuclear safety research conducted in this country and abroad. Foreign participation in the meeting included twenty different papers presented by researchers from Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan and the United Kingdom. The titles of the papers and the namesmore » of the authors have been updated and may differ from those that appeared in the final program of the meeting. This document, Volume 1, discusses Decontamination and Decommissioning; License Renewal; Human Factors; Generic Issues; Risk Analysis/PRA Applications; and Reactor Safety.« less
  • On 31 January 2013, ONDRAF/NIRAS, the Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, has introduced the construction and operation license application for the surface disposal facility for category A waste at Dessel. The objective of this paper is to present the development of this national programme. First the key milestones and their impact on the development of the project will be highlighted. This includes in particular: 1) the turning point in 1994, when ONDRAF/NIRAS converts its purely technic-scientific work method into an approach of participation that allows for societal aspects to be taken into account and 2) themore » decision of the government in 2006 in favour of the surface disposal of category A waste in Dessel. Then the paper presents the pillars of the long-term safety of a surface disposal and the principles for site selection and how they were applied to the surface disposal facility for category A waste at Dessel. The pillars of the long-term safety of a surface disposal are: (1) the passive confinement and isolation provided by the Engineering Barrier System (2) the contribution to this passive isolation and confinement by the site (3) the limitation of the radioactive source term, and (4) the control and monitoring measures. (authors)« less
  • Generic Safety Issue 171 (GSI-171), Engineered Safety Feature (ESF) from a Loss Of Offsite Power (LOOP) subsequent to a Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA), deals with an accident sequence in which a LOCA is followed by a LOOP. This issue was later broadened to include a LOOP followed by a LOCA. Plants are designed to handle a simultaneous LOCA and LOOP. In this paper, the authors address the unique issues that are involved i LOCA with delayed LOOP (LOCA/LOOP) and LOOP with delayed LOCA (LOOP/LOCA) accident sequences. LOCA/LOOP accidents are analyzed further by developing event-tree/fault-tree models to quantify their contributionsmore » to core-damage frequency (CDF) in a pressurized water reactor and a boiling water reactor (PWR and a BWR). Engineering evaluation and judgments are used during quantification to estimate the unique conditions that arise in a LOCA/LOOP accident. The results show that the CDF contribution of such an accident can be a dominant contributor to plant risk, although BWRs are less vulnerable than PWRs.« less
  • The Canadian government and the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) are currently developing generic soil quality criteria that would be considered applicable to all sites, either as levels for screening analysis or, under some circumstances, as ultimate remediation goals. The draft Canadian criteria, currently under revision, are based on protection of both human and ecological health, while the draft US EPA values are intended to be protective of residential exposures. In this analysis, the authors compare and contrast the technical basis for the generic criteria developed by both governments, with emphasis on cadmium and pentachlorophenol. Soil criteria for cadmiummore » and pentachlorophenol are expected to be more conservative in Canada than in the US if groundwater protection is not a concern. The pattern is reversed if groundwater is a concern. Therefore, the cost of achieving approximately the same level of health protection could be dramatically different in the two countries for remediating soil containing cadmium or pentachlorophenol.« less
  • A generic framework to support computer-based characterization of materials and corrosion problems has been developed. This paper examines potential applications of this framework which provides an object-based model to partition and represent corrosion and materials domain knowledge in terms of domain objects. Since the framework allows characterization of objects in terms of system parameters and their inter-relationships as a means to represent the state of the system, the framework facilities representation of problem-solving objects in a domain-independent manner. The framework has been implemented as a Windows{trademark}-based software tool. This paper describes the application of the framework to create problem-solving toolsmore » to address: evaluation and selection of Corrosion Resistant Alloys (CRAs) for oil and gas production; and risk-based inspection and ranking fixed equipment for probability of failure. The paper is organized as follows: introduction to object-based systems and terminology relevant to object-oriented programming is explained in the next section. This is followed by a brief description of the generic framework. Technical details of typical applications presented herein are followed by a description of the two case studies developed using the generic framework.« less