skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments

Abstract

Neutrino oscillation experiments proved that neutrinos have mass and this enhanced the interest in neutrinoless double-beta decay (0vββ). The observation of this very rare hypothetical decay would prove the leptonic number violation and would give us indications about neutrinos mass hierarchy and absolute mass scale. CUORE (Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events) is an array of 988 crystals of TeO 2, for a total sensitive mass of 741 kg. Its goal is the observation of 0vββ of 130Te. The crystals, placed into the a dilution cryostat, are operated as bolometers at a temperature close to 10 mK. CUORE commissioning phase has been concluded recently in Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Italy, and data taking is expected to start in spring 2017. If target background rate is reached (0.01counts/day/keV/kg), the sensibility of CUORE will be, in five years of data taking, T 1/210 26years (1σ CL). In order to test the quality of materials and optimize the construction procedures, the collaboration realized CUORE-0, that took data from spring of 2013 to summer 2015. Here, after a brief description of CUORE, I report its commissioning status and CUORE-0 results.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
The CUORE Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1379665
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica. C, Geophysics and Space Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1124-1896
Publisher:
Italian Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Copello, S, Alduino, C, Alfonso, K, Artusa, DR, Avignone, FT, Azzolini, O, Banks, TI, Bari, G, Beeman, JW, Bellini, F, Bersani, A, Biassoni, M, Brofferio, C, Bucci, C, Camacho, A, Caminata, A, Canonica, L, Cao, XG, Capelli, S, Cappelli, L, Carbone, L, Cardani, L, Carniti, P, Casali, N, Cassina, L, Chiesa, D, Chott, N, Clemenza, M, Cosmelli, C, Cremonesi, O, Creswick, RJ, Cushman, JS, D'addabbo, A, Dafinei, I, Davis, CJ, Dell'Oro, S, Deninno, MM, Di Domizio, S, Di Vacri, ML, Drobizhev, A, Fang, DQ, Faverzani, M, Feintzeig, J, Fernandes, G, Ferri, E, Ferroni, F, Fiorini, E, Franceschi, MA, Freedman, SJ, Fujikawa, BK, Giachero, A, Gironi, L, Giuliani, A, Gladstone, L, Gorla, P, Gotti, C, Gutierrez, TD, Haller, EE, Han, K, Hansen, E, Heeger, KM, Hennings-Yeomans, R, Hickerson, KP, Huang, HZ, Kadel, R, Keppel, G, and Kolomensky, YG. CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1393/ncc/i2017-17060-3.
Copello, S, Alduino, C, Alfonso, K, Artusa, DR, Avignone, FT, Azzolini, O, Banks, TI, Bari, G, Beeman, JW, Bellini, F, Bersani, A, Biassoni, M, Brofferio, C, Bucci, C, Camacho, A, Caminata, A, Canonica, L, Cao, XG, Capelli, S, Cappelli, L, Carbone, L, Cardani, L, Carniti, P, Casali, N, Cassina, L, Chiesa, D, Chott, N, Clemenza, M, Cosmelli, C, Cremonesi, O, Creswick, RJ, Cushman, JS, D'addabbo, A, Dafinei, I, Davis, CJ, Dell'Oro, S, Deninno, MM, Di Domizio, S, Di Vacri, ML, Drobizhev, A, Fang, DQ, Faverzani, M, Feintzeig, J, Fernandes, G, Ferri, E, Ferroni, F, Fiorini, E, Franceschi, MA, Freedman, SJ, Fujikawa, BK, Giachero, A, Gironi, L, Giuliani, A, Gladstone, L, Gorla, P, Gotti, C, Gutierrez, TD, Haller, EE, Han, K, Hansen, E, Heeger, KM, Hennings-Yeomans, R, Hickerson, KP, Huang, HZ, Kadel, R, Keppel, G, & Kolomensky, YG. CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments. United States. doi:10.1393/ncc/i2017-17060-3.
Copello, S, Alduino, C, Alfonso, K, Artusa, DR, Avignone, FT, Azzolini, O, Banks, TI, Bari, G, Beeman, JW, Bellini, F, Bersani, A, Biassoni, M, Brofferio, C, Bucci, C, Camacho, A, Caminata, A, Canonica, L, Cao, XG, Capelli, S, Cappelli, L, Carbone, L, Cardani, L, Carniti, P, Casali, N, Cassina, L, Chiesa, D, Chott, N, Clemenza, M, Cosmelli, C, Cremonesi, O, Creswick, RJ, Cushman, JS, D'addabbo, A, Dafinei, I, Davis, CJ, Dell'Oro, S, Deninno, MM, Di Domizio, S, Di Vacri, ML, Drobizhev, A, Fang, DQ, Faverzani, M, Feintzeig, J, Fernandes, G, Ferri, E, Ferroni, F, Fiorini, E, Franceschi, MA, Freedman, SJ, Fujikawa, BK, Giachero, A, Gironi, L, Giuliani, A, Gladstone, L, Gorla, P, Gotti, C, Gutierrez, TD, Haller, EE, Han, K, Hansen, E, Heeger, KM, Hennings-Yeomans, R, Hickerson, KP, Huang, HZ, Kadel, R, Keppel, G, and Kolomensky, YG. Fri . "CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments". United States. doi:10.1393/ncc/i2017-17060-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379665.
@article{osti_1379665,
title = {CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments},
author = {Copello, S and Alduino, C and Alfonso, K and Artusa, DR and Avignone, FT and Azzolini, O and Banks, TI and Bari, G and Beeman, JW and Bellini, F and Bersani, A and Biassoni, M and Brofferio, C and Bucci, C and Camacho, A and Caminata, A and Canonica, L and Cao, XG and Capelli, S and Cappelli, L and Carbone, L and Cardani, L and Carniti, P and Casali, N and Cassina, L and Chiesa, D and Chott, N and Clemenza, M and Cosmelli, C and Cremonesi, O and Creswick, RJ and Cushman, JS and D'addabbo, A and Dafinei, I and Davis, CJ and Dell'Oro, S and Deninno, MM and Di Domizio, S and Di Vacri, ML and Drobizhev, A and Fang, DQ and Faverzani, M and Feintzeig, J and Fernandes, G and Ferri, E and Ferroni, F and Fiorini, E and Franceschi, MA and Freedman, SJ and Fujikawa, BK and Giachero, A and Gironi, L and Giuliani, A and Gladstone, L and Gorla, P and Gotti, C and Gutierrez, TD and Haller, EE and Han, K and Hansen, E and Heeger, KM and Hennings-Yeomans, R and Hickerson, KP and Huang, HZ and Kadel, R and Keppel, G and Kolomensky, YG},
abstractNote = {Neutrino oscillation experiments proved that neutrinos have mass and this enhanced the interest in neutrinoless double-beta decay (0vββ). The observation of this very rare hypothetical decay would prove the leptonic number violation and would give us indications about neutrinos mass hierarchy and absolute mass scale. CUORE (Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events) is an array of 988 crystals of TeO2, for a total sensitive mass of 741 kg. Its goal is the observation of 0vββ of 130Te. The crystals, placed into the a dilution cryostat, are operated as bolometers at a temperature close to 10 mK. CUORE commissioning phase has been concluded recently in Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Italy, and data taking is expected to start in spring 2017. If target background rate is reached (0.01counts/day/keV/kg), the sensibility of CUORE will be, in five years of data taking, T1/21026years (1σ CL). In order to test the quality of materials and optimize the construction procedures, the collaboration realized CUORE-0, that took data from spring of 2013 to summer 2015. Here, after a brief description of CUORE, I report its commissioning status and CUORE-0 results.},
doi = {10.1393/ncc/i2017-17060-3},
journal = {Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica. C, Geophysics and Space Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 40,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 17 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Feb 17 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:
  • We collected 19.4 days of data from four 750 g TeO{sub 2} bolometers, and in three of them we were able to set the energy threshold around 3 keV using a new analysis technique. We found a background rate ranging from 25 cpd/keV/kg at 3 keV to 2 cpd/keV/kg at 25 keV, and a peak at 4.7 keV. The origin of this peak is presently unknown, but its presence is confirmed by a reanalysis of 62.7 kg·days of data from the finished CUORICINO experiment. Finally, we report the expected sensitivities of the CUORE-0 (52 bolometers) and CUORE (988 bolometers) experimentsmore » to a WIMP annual modulation signal.« less
  • The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) in 130Te and other rare processes. CUORE is a cryogenic detector composed of 988 TeO 2 bolometers for a total mass of about 741 kg. The detector is being constructed at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy, where it will start taking data in 2015. If the target background of 0.01 counts/(keV·kg·y) will be reached, in five years of data taking CUORE will have an half life sensitivity around 1 × 10 26 y at 90% C.L. As a firstmore » step towards CUORE a smaller experiment CUORE-0, constructed to test and demonstrate the performances expected for CUORE, has been assembled and is running. The detector is a single tower of 52 CUORE-like bolometers that started taking data in spring 2013. The status and perspectives of CUORE will be discussed, and the first CUORE-0 data will be presented.« less
  • The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decays. Observation of the process would unambiguously establish that neutrinos are Majorana particles and provide information on their absolute mass scale hierarchy. CUORE is now under construction and will consist of an array of 988 TeO 2 crystal bolometers operated at 10 mK, but the first tower (CUORE-0) is already taking data. The experimental techniques used will be presented as well as the preliminary CUORE-0 results. The current status of the full-mass experiment and its expected sensitivity will then be discussed.
  • CUORE is a 741 kg array of TeO 2 bolometers for the search of neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te. The detector is being constructed at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy, where it will start taking data in 2015. If the target background of 0.01 counts/(keV·kg·y) will be reached, in five years of data taking CUORE will have a 1σ half life sensitivity of 10 26y. CUORE-0 is a smaller experiment constructed to test and demonstrate the performances expected for CUORE. The detector is a single tower of 52 CUORE-like bolometers that started taking data in spring 2013.more » The status and perspectives of CUORE will be discussed, and the first CUORE-0 data will be presented.« less