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Title: The CUORE cryostat and its bolometric detector

Abstract

CUORE is a cryogenic detector that will be operated at LNGS to search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) of 130Te. The detector installation was completed in summer 2016. Before the installation, several cold runs were done to test the cryogenic system performance. In the last cold run the base temperature of 6.3 mK was reached in stable condition. CUORE-0, a CUORE prototype, has proven the feasibility of CUORE, demonstrating that the target background of 0.01 counts/keV/kg/y and the energy resolution of 5 keV are within reach.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; University of Wisconsin Foundation; Yale University
Contributing Org.:
The CUORE collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1378543
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1415969
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-737327
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 02; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Calorimeters; Cryogenic detectors; Cryogenics and thermal models; Double-beta; decay detectors

Citation Formats

Santone, D., Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., III, F. T. Avignone, Azzolini, O., Banks, T. I., Bari, G., Beeman, J. W., Bellini, F., Bersani, A., Biassoni, M., Branca, A., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Camacho, A., Caminata, A., Canonica, L., Cao, X. G., Capelli, S., Cappelli, L., Carbone, L., Cardani, L., Carniti, P., Casali, N., Cassina, L., Chiesa, D., Chott, N., Clemenza, M., Copello, S., Cosmelli, C., Cremonesi, O., Creswick, R. J., Cushman, J. S., D'Addabbo, A., Dafinei, I., Davis, C. J., Dell'Oro, S., Deninno, M. M., Domizio, S. Di, Vacri, M. L. Di, Drobizhev, A., Fang, D. Q., Faverzani, M., Fernandes, G., Ferri, E., Ferroni, F., Fiorini, E., Franceschi, M. A., Freedman, S. J., Fujikawa, B. K., Giachero, A., Gironi, L., Giuliani, A., Gladstone, L., Gorla, P., Gotti, C., Gutierrez, T. D., Haller, E. E., Han, K., Hansen, E., Heeger, K. M., Hennings-Yeomans, R., Hickerson, K. P., Huang, H. Z., Kadel, R., Keppel, G., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Leder, A., Ligi, C., Lim, K. E., Liu, X., Ma, Y. G., Maino, M., Marini, L., Martinez, M., Maruyama, R. H., Mei, Y., Moggi, N., Morganti, S., Mosteiro, P. J., Napolitano, T., Nones, C., Norman, E. B., Novati, V., Nucciotti, A., O'Donnell, T., Orio, F., Ouellet, J. L., Pagliarone, C. E., Pallavicini, M., Palmieri, V., Pattavina, L., Pavan, M., Pessina, G., Pettinacci, V., Piperno, G., Pira, C., Pirro, S., Pozzi, S., Previtali, E., Rosenfeld, C., Rusconi, C., Sangiorgio, S., Scielzo, N. D., Singh, V., Sisti, M., Smith, A. R., Taffarello, L., Tenconi, M., Terranova, F., Tomei, C., Trentalange, S., Vignati, M., Wagaarachchi, S. L., Wang, B. S., Wang, H. W., Wilson, J., Winslow, L. A., Wise, T., Woodcraft, A., Zanotti, L., Zhang, G. Q., Zhu, B. X., Zimmermann, S., and Zucchelli, S. The CUORE cryostat and its bolometric detector. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/02/C02055.
Santone, D., Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., III, F. T. Avignone, Azzolini, O., Banks, T. I., Bari, G., Beeman, J. W., Bellini, F., Bersani, A., Biassoni, M., Branca, A., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Camacho, A., Caminata, A., Canonica, L., Cao, X. G., Capelli, S., Cappelli, L., Carbone, L., Cardani, L., Carniti, P., Casali, N., Cassina, L., Chiesa, D., Chott, N., Clemenza, M., Copello, S., Cosmelli, C., Cremonesi, O., Creswick, R. J., Cushman, J. S., D'Addabbo, A., Dafinei, I., Davis, C. J., Dell'Oro, S., Deninno, M. M., Domizio, S. Di, Vacri, M. L. Di, Drobizhev, A., Fang, D. Q., Faverzani, M., Fernandes, G., Ferri, E., Ferroni, F., Fiorini, E., Franceschi, M. A., Freedman, S. J., Fujikawa, B. K., Giachero, A., Gironi, L., Giuliani, A., Gladstone, L., Gorla, P., Gotti, C., Gutierrez, T. D., Haller, E. E., Han, K., Hansen, E., Heeger, K. M., Hennings-Yeomans, R., Hickerson, K. P., Huang, H. Z., Kadel, R., Keppel, G., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Leder, A., Ligi, C., Lim, K. E., Liu, X., Ma, Y. G., Maino, M., Marini, L., Martinez, M., Maruyama, R. H., Mei, Y., Moggi, N., Morganti, S., Mosteiro, P. J., Napolitano, T., Nones, C., Norman, E. B., Novati, V., Nucciotti, A., O'Donnell, T., Orio, F., Ouellet, J. L., Pagliarone, C. E., Pallavicini, M., Palmieri, V., Pattavina, L., Pavan, M., Pessina, G., Pettinacci, V., Piperno, G., Pira, C., Pirro, S., Pozzi, S., Previtali, E., Rosenfeld, C., Rusconi, C., Sangiorgio, S., Scielzo, N. D., Singh, V., Sisti, M., Smith, A. R., Taffarello, L., Tenconi, M., Terranova, F., Tomei, C., Trentalange, S., Vignati, M., Wagaarachchi, S. L., Wang, B. S., Wang, H. W., Wilson, J., Winslow, L. A., Wise, T., Woodcraft, A., Zanotti, L., Zhang, G. Q., Zhu, B. X., Zimmermann, S., & Zucchelli, S. The CUORE cryostat and its bolometric detector. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/02/C02055.
Santone, D., Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., III, F. T. Avignone, Azzolini, O., Banks, T. I., Bari, G., Beeman, J. W., Bellini, F., Bersani, A., Biassoni, M., Branca, A., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Camacho, A., Caminata, A., Canonica, L., Cao, X. G., Capelli, S., Cappelli, L., Carbone, L., Cardani, L., Carniti, P., Casali, N., Cassina, L., Chiesa, D., Chott, N., Clemenza, M., Copello, S., Cosmelli, C., Cremonesi, O., Creswick, R. J., Cushman, J. S., D'Addabbo, A., Dafinei, I., Davis, C. J., Dell'Oro, S., Deninno, M. M., Domizio, S. Di, Vacri, M. L. Di, Drobizhev, A., Fang, D. Q., Faverzani, M., Fernandes, G., Ferri, E., Ferroni, F., Fiorini, E., Franceschi, M. A., Freedman, S. J., Fujikawa, B. K., Giachero, A., Gironi, L., Giuliani, A., Gladstone, L., Gorla, P., Gotti, C., Gutierrez, T. D., Haller, E. E., Han, K., Hansen, E., Heeger, K. M., Hennings-Yeomans, R., Hickerson, K. P., Huang, H. Z., Kadel, R., Keppel, G., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Leder, A., Ligi, C., Lim, K. E., Liu, X., Ma, Y. G., Maino, M., Marini, L., Martinez, M., Maruyama, R. H., Mei, Y., Moggi, N., Morganti, S., Mosteiro, P. J., Napolitano, T., Nones, C., Norman, E. B., Novati, V., Nucciotti, A., O'Donnell, T., Orio, F., Ouellet, J. L., Pagliarone, C. E., Pallavicini, M., Palmieri, V., Pattavina, L., Pavan, M., Pessina, G., Pettinacci, V., Piperno, G., Pira, C., Pirro, S., Pozzi, S., Previtali, E., Rosenfeld, C., Rusconi, C., Sangiorgio, S., Scielzo, N. D., Singh, V., Sisti, M., Smith, A. R., Taffarello, L., Tenconi, M., Terranova, F., Tomei, C., Trentalange, S., Vignati, M., Wagaarachchi, S. L., Wang, B. S., Wang, H. W., Wilson, J., Winslow, L. A., Wise, T., Woodcraft, A., Zanotti, L., Zhang, G. Q., Zhu, B. X., Zimmermann, S., and Zucchelli, S. Thu . "The CUORE cryostat and its bolometric detector". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/02/C02055. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1378543.
@article{osti_1378543,
title = {The CUORE cryostat and its bolometric detector},
author = {Santone, D. and Alduino, C. and Alfonso, K. and Artusa, D. R. and III, F. T. Avignone and Azzolini, O. and Banks, T. I. and Bari, G. and Beeman, J. W. and Bellini, F. and Bersani, A. and Biassoni, M. and Branca, A. and Brofferio, C. and Bucci, C. and Camacho, A. and Caminata, A. and Canonica, L. and Cao, X. G. and Capelli, S. and Cappelli, L. and Carbone, L. and Cardani, L. and Carniti, P. and Casali, N. and Cassina, L. and Chiesa, D. and Chott, N. and Clemenza, M. and Copello, S. and Cosmelli, C. and Cremonesi, O. and Creswick, R. J. and Cushman, J. S. and D'Addabbo, A. and Dafinei, I. and Davis, C. J. and Dell'Oro, S. and Deninno, M. M. and Domizio, S. Di and Vacri, M. L. Di and Drobizhev, A. and Fang, D. Q. and Faverzani, M. and Fernandes, G. and Ferri, E. and Ferroni, F. and Fiorini, E. and Franceschi, M. A. and Freedman, S. J. and Fujikawa, B. K. and Giachero, A. and Gironi, L. and Giuliani, A. and Gladstone, L. and Gorla, P. and Gotti, C. and Gutierrez, T. D. and Haller, E. E. and Han, K. and Hansen, E. and Heeger, K. M. and Hennings-Yeomans, R. and Hickerson, K. P. and Huang, H. Z. and Kadel, R. and Keppel, G. and Kolomensky, Yu. G. and Leder, A. and Ligi, C. and Lim, K. E. and Liu, X. and Ma, Y. G. and Maino, M. and Marini, L. and Martinez, M. and Maruyama, R. H. and Mei, Y. and Moggi, N. and Morganti, S. and Mosteiro, P. J. and Napolitano, T. and Nones, C. and Norman, E. B. and Novati, V. and Nucciotti, A. and O'Donnell, T. and Orio, F. and Ouellet, J. L. and Pagliarone, C. E. and Pallavicini, M. and Palmieri, V. and Pattavina, L. and Pavan, M. and Pessina, G. and Pettinacci, V. and Piperno, G. and Pira, C. and Pirro, S. and Pozzi, S. and Previtali, E. and Rosenfeld, C. and Rusconi, C. and Sangiorgio, S. and Scielzo, N. D. and Singh, V. and Sisti, M. and Smith, A. R. and Taffarello, L. and Tenconi, M. and Terranova, F. and Tomei, C. and Trentalange, S. and Vignati, M. and Wagaarachchi, S. L. and Wang, B. S. and Wang, H. W. and Wilson, J. and Winslow, L. A. and Wise, T. and Woodcraft, A. and Zanotti, L. and Zhang, G. Q. and Zhu, B. X. and Zimmermann, S. and Zucchelli, S.},
abstractNote = {CUORE is a cryogenic detector that will be operated at LNGS to search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) of 130Te. The detector installation was completed in summer 2016. Before the installation, several cold runs were done to test the cryogenic system performance. In the last cold run the base temperature of 6.3 mK was reached in stable condition. CUORE-0, a CUORE prototype, has proven the feasibility of CUORE, demonstrating that the target background of 0.01 counts/keV/kg/y and the energy resolution of 5 keV are within reach.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/02/C02055},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 02,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 16 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Feb 16 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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  • CUORE is a cryogenic detector that will be operated at LNGS to search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0ββ) of 130Te. The detector installation was completed in summer 2016. Before the installation, several cold runs were done to test the cryogenic system performance. In the last cold run the base temperature of 6.3mK was reached in stable condition. CUORE-0, a CUORE prototype, has proven the feasibility of CUORE, demonstrating that the target background of 0.01 counts/keV/kg/y and the energy resolution of 5 keV are within reach.
  • The CUORE (Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events) experiment will search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te. With 741 kg of TeO 2 crystals and an excellent energy resolution of 5 keV (0.2%) at the region of interest, CUORE will be one of the most competitive neutrinoless double beta decay experiments on the horizon. With five years of live time, CUORE projected neutrinoless double beta decay half-life sensitivity is 1.6 × 10 26 y at 1σ (9.5 × 10 25 y at the 90% confidence level), which corresponds to an upper limit on the effective Majorana mass in themore » range 40–100 meV (50–130 meV). Further background rejection with auxiliary light detector can significantly improve the search sensitivity and competitiveness of bolometric detectors to fully explore the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy with 130Te and possibly other double beta decay candidate nuclei.« less
  • We describe in detail the methods used to obtain the lower bound on the lifetime of neutrinoless double-beta ( 0 ν β β ) decay in 130 Te and the associated limit on the effective Majorana mass of the neutrino using the CUORE-0 detector. CUORE-0 is a bolometric detector array located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso that was designed to validate the background reduction techniques developed for CUORE, a next-generation experiment scheduled to come online in 2016. CUORE-0 is also a competitive 0 ν β β decay search in its own right and functions as a platform tomore » further develop the analysis tools and procedures to be used in CUORE. These include data collection, event selection and processing, as well as an evaluation of signal efficiency. In particular, we describe the amplitude evaluation, thermal gain stabilization, energy calibration methods, and the analysis event selection used to create our final 0 ν β β search spectrum. We define our high level analysis procedures, with emphasis on the new insights gained and challenges encountered. We outline in detail our fitting methods near the hypothesized 0 ν β β decay peak and catalog the main sources of systematic uncertainty. Finally, we derive the 0 ν β β decay half-life limits previously reported for CUORE-0, T 0 ν 1 / 2 > 2.7 × 10 24 yr , and in combination with the Cuoricino limit, T 0 ν 1 / 2 > 4.0 × 10 24 yr .« less
  • In this paper we present a calculation of the sensitivity of the CUORE detector to the monoenergetic 14.4 keV solar axions emitted by the M1 nuclear transition of {sup 57}Fe in the Sun and detected by inverse coherent Bragg-Primakoff conversion in single-crystal TeO{sub 2} bolometers. The expected counting rate is calculated using density functional theory for the electron charge density of TeO{sub 2} and realistic background and energy resolution of CUORE. Monte Carlo simulations for 5y × 741 kg=3705 kg y of exposure are analyzed using time correlation of individual events with the theoretical time-dependent counting rate. We find an expected model-independent limitmore » on the product of the axion-photon coupling and the axion-nucleon coupling g{sub aγγ}g{sub aN}{sup eff} < 1.105 × 10{sup −16} /GeV for axion masses less than 500 eV with 95% confidence level.« less
  • In this paper we calculate the potential sensitivity of the CUORE detector to axions produced in the Sun through the Primakoff process and detected by the inverse coherent Bragg-Primakoff process. The conversion rate is calculated using density functional theory for the electron density and realistic expectations for the energy resolution and background of CUORE. Monte Carlo calculations for 5 y × 741 kg = 3705 kg y of exposure are analyzed using time correlation of individual events with the theoretical time-dependent counting rate and lead to an expected limit on the axion-photon coupling g{sub aγγ}<3.83 × 10{sup −10} GeV{sup −1} for axion massesmore » less than 100 eV.« less