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Title: Multi-spatial analysis of forest residue utilization for bioenergy

Abstract

The alternative energy sector is expanding quickly in the USA since passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Increased interest in wood-based bioenergy has led to the need for robust modeling methods to analyze woody biomass operations at landscape scales. However, analyzing woody biomass operations in regions like the US Inland Northwest is difficult due to highly variable terrain and wood characteristics. We developed the Forest Residue Economic Assessment Model (FREAM) to better integrate with Geographical Information Systems and overcome analytical modeling limitations. FREAM analyzes wood-based bioenergy logistics systems and provides a modeling platform that can be readily modified to analyze additional study locations. We evaluated three scenarios to test the FREAM's utility: a local-scale scenario in which a catalytic pyrolysis process produces gasoline from 181 437 Mg yr-1 of forest residues, a regional-scale scenario that assumes a biochemical process to create aviation fuel from 725 748 Mg yr-1 of forest residues, and an international scenario that assumes a pellet mill producing pellets for international markets from 272 155 Mg yr-1 of forest residues. The local scenario produced gasoline for a modeled cost of $22.33 GJ-1*, the regional scenario producedmore » aviation fuel for a modeled cost of $35.83 GJ-1 and the international scenario produced pellets for a modeled cost of $10.51 GJ-1. Results show that incorporating input from knowledgeable stakeholders in the designing of a model yields positive results.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC Canada
  2. University of Idaho, Moscow ID USA
  3. Western Washington University, Bellingham WA USA
  4. National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden CO USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1377793
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-6A20-69132
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; bioenergy; supply chain analysis; catalytic pyrolysis; modeling; Inland Northwest

Citation Formats

Jacobson, Ryan A., Keefe, Robert F., Smith, Alistair M. S., Metlen, Scott, Saul, Darin A., Newman, Soren M., Laninga, Tamara J., and Inman, Daniel. Multi-spatial analysis of forest residue utilization for bioenergy. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/bbb.1659.
Jacobson, Ryan A., Keefe, Robert F., Smith, Alistair M. S., Metlen, Scott, Saul, Darin A., Newman, Soren M., Laninga, Tamara J., & Inman, Daniel. Multi-spatial analysis of forest residue utilization for bioenergy. United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1659.
Jacobson, Ryan A., Keefe, Robert F., Smith, Alistair M. S., Metlen, Scott, Saul, Darin A., Newman, Soren M., Laninga, Tamara J., and Inman, Daniel. Fri . "Multi-spatial analysis of forest residue utilization for bioenergy". United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1659.
@article{osti_1377793,
title = {Multi-spatial analysis of forest residue utilization for bioenergy},
author = {Jacobson, Ryan A. and Keefe, Robert F. and Smith, Alistair M. S. and Metlen, Scott and Saul, Darin A. and Newman, Soren M. and Laninga, Tamara J. and Inman, Daniel},
abstractNote = {The alternative energy sector is expanding quickly in the USA since passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Increased interest in wood-based bioenergy has led to the need for robust modeling methods to analyze woody biomass operations at landscape scales. However, analyzing woody biomass operations in regions like the US Inland Northwest is difficult due to highly variable terrain and wood characteristics. We developed the Forest Residue Economic Assessment Model (FREAM) to better integrate with Geographical Information Systems and overcome analytical modeling limitations. FREAM analyzes wood-based bioenergy logistics systems and provides a modeling platform that can be readily modified to analyze additional study locations. We evaluated three scenarios to test the FREAM's utility: a local-scale scenario in which a catalytic pyrolysis process produces gasoline from 181 437 Mg yr-1 of forest residues, a regional-scale scenario that assumes a biochemical process to create aviation fuel from 725 748 Mg yr-1 of forest residues, and an international scenario that assumes a pellet mill producing pellets for international markets from 272 155 Mg yr-1 of forest residues. The local scenario produced gasoline for a modeled cost of $22.33 GJ-1*, the regional scenario produced aviation fuel for a modeled cost of $35.83 GJ-1 and the international scenario produced pellets for a modeled cost of $10.51 GJ-1. Results show that incorporating input from knowledgeable stakeholders in the designing of a model yields positive results.},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.1659},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining},
issn = {1932-104X},
number = 5,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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