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Title: Improvement and analysis of the hydrogen-cerium redox flow cell

Abstract

In this paper, the H 2-Ce redox flow cell is optimized using commercially-available cell materials. Cell performance is found to be sensitive to the upper charge cutoff voltage, membrane boiling pretreatment, methanesulfonic-acid concentration, (+) electrode surface area and flow pattern, and operating temperature. Performance is relatively insensitive to membrane thickness, Cerium concentration, and all features of the (-) electrode including hydrogen flow. Cell performance appears to be limited by mass transport and kinetics in the cerium (+) electrode. Maximum discharge power of 895 mW cm -2 was observed at 60 °C; an energy efficiency of 90% was achieved at 50 °C. Finally, the H 2-Ce cell is promising for energy storage assuming one can optimize Ce reaction kinetics and electrolyte.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Conversion Group. Energy Technologies Area
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1377504
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359481
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 327; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; Redox flow battery; Cerium; Hydrogen; Methanesulfonic acid

Citation Formats

Tucker, Michael C., Weiss, Alexandra, and Weber, Adam Z. Improvement and analysis of the hydrogen-cerium redox flow cell. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.07.105.
Tucker, Michael C., Weiss, Alexandra, & Weber, Adam Z. Improvement and analysis of the hydrogen-cerium redox flow cell. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.07.105.
Tucker, Michael C., Weiss, Alexandra, and Weber, Adam Z. Wed . "Improvement and analysis of the hydrogen-cerium redox flow cell". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.07.105. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1377504.
@article{osti_1377504,
title = {Improvement and analysis of the hydrogen-cerium redox flow cell},
author = {Tucker, Michael C. and Weiss, Alexandra and Weber, Adam Z.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, the H2-Ce redox flow cell is optimized using commercially-available cell materials. Cell performance is found to be sensitive to the upper charge cutoff voltage, membrane boiling pretreatment, methanesulfonic-acid concentration, (+) electrode surface area and flow pattern, and operating temperature. Performance is relatively insensitive to membrane thickness, Cerium concentration, and all features of the (-) electrode including hydrogen flow. Cell performance appears to be limited by mass transport and kinetics in the cerium (+) electrode. Maximum discharge power of 895 mW cm-2 was observed at 60 °C; an energy efficiency of 90% was achieved at 50 °C. Finally, the H2-Ce cell is promising for energy storage assuming one can optimize Ce reaction kinetics and electrolyte.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.07.105},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = ,
volume = 327,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 03 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Aug 03 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 6 works
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