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Title: Universal few-body physics and cluster formation

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1377135
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reviews of Modern Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 3; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-08-28 16:38:55; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6861
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Greene, Chris H., Giannakeas, P., and Pérez-Ríos, J. Universal few-body physics and cluster formation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.89.035006.
Greene, Chris H., Giannakeas, P., & Pérez-Ríos, J. Universal few-body physics and cluster formation. United States. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.89.035006.
Greene, Chris H., Giannakeas, P., and Pérez-Ríos, J. 2017. "Universal few-body physics and cluster formation". United States. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.89.035006.
@article{osti_1377135,
title = {Universal few-body physics and cluster formation},
author = {Greene, Chris H. and Giannakeas, P. and Pérez-Ríos, J.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1103/RevModPhys.89.035006},
journal = {Reviews of Modern Physics},
number = 3,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 8
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 28, 2018
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript

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  • Systems consisting of identical bosons with a large scattering length satisfy universal relations determined by 2-body physics that are similar to those for fermions with two spin states. They require the momentum distribution to have a large-momentum 1/k{sup 4} tail and the radio-frequency transition rate to have a high-frequency 1/{omega}{sup 3/2} tail, both of which are proportional to the 2-body contact. Identical bosons also satisfy additional universal relations that are determined by 3-body physics and involve the 3-body contact, which measures the probability of 3 particles being very close together. The coefficients of the 3-body contact in the 1/k{sup 5}more » tail of the momentum distribution and in the 1/{omega}{sup 2} tail of the radio-frequency transition rate are log-periodic functions of k and {omega} that depend on the Efimov parameter.« less
  • We present the first results from our Hubble Space Telescope brightest cluster galaxy (BCG) survey of seven central supergiant cluster galaxies and their globular cluster (GC) systems. We measure a total of 48,000 GCs in all seven galaxies, representing the largest single GC database. We find that a log-normal shape accurately matches the observed the luminosity function (LF) of the GCs down to the globular cluster luminosity function turnover point, which is near our photometric limit. In addition, the LF has a virtually identical shape in all seven galaxies. Our data underscore the similarity in the formation mechanism of massivemore » star clusters in diverse galactic environments. At the highest luminosities (L ≳ 10{sup 7} L {sub ☉}), we find small numbers of ''superluminous'' objects in five of the galaxies; their luminosity and color ranges are at least partly consistent with those of ultra-compact dwarfs. Last, we find preliminary evidence that in the outer halo (R ≳ 20 kpc), the LF turnover point shows a weak dependence on projected distance, scaling as L {sub 0} ∼ R {sup –0.2}, while the LF dispersion remains nearly constant.« less
  • Within general characteristics of low-energy few-body systems, we revise some well-known correlations found in nuclear physics, and the properties of low-mass halo nuclei in a three-body neutron-neutron-core model. In this context, near the critical conditions for the occurrence of an Efimov state, we report some results obtained for the neutron-{sup 19}C elastic scattering.