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Title: Tailoring Thermal Radiative Properties with Doped-Silicon Nanowires

Abstract

Aligned doped-silicon nanowire (D-SiNW) arrays form a hyperbolic metamaterial in the mid-infrared and have unique thermal radiative properties, such as broadband omnidirectional absorption, low-loss negative refraction, etc. A combined theoretical and experimental investigation will be performed to characterize D-SiNW arrays and other metamaterials for tailoring thermal radiative properties. Near-field thermal radiation between anisotropic materials with hyperbolic dispersions will also be predicted for potential application in energy harvesting. A new kind of anisotropic metamaterial with a hyperbolic dispersion in a broad infrared region has been proposed and demonstrated based on aligned doped-silicon nanowire (D-SiNW) arrays. D-SiNW-based metamaterials have unique thermal radiative properties, such as broadband omnidirectional absorption whose width and location can be tuned by varying the filling ratio and/or doping level. Furthermore, high figure of merit (FOM) can be achieved in a wide spectral region, suggesting that D-SiNW arrays may be used as a negative refraction material with much less loss than other structured materials, such as layered semiconductor materials. We have also shown that D-SiNWs and other nanostructures can significantly enhance near-field thermal radiation. The study of near-field radiative heat transfer between closely spaced objects and the electromagnetic wave interactions with micro/nanostructured materials has become an emerging multidisciplinary fieldmore » due to its importance in advanced energy systems, manufacturing, local thermal management, and high spatial resolution thermal sensing and mapping. We have performed extensive study on the energy streamlines involving anisotropic metamaterials and the applicability of the effective medium theory for near-field thermal radiation. Graphene as a 2D material has attracted great attention in nanoelectronics, plasmonics, and energy harvesting. We have shown that graphene can be used to tailor the transmittance, reflectance, and absorptance of nanostructured materials. Furthermore, graphene can be used to enhance near-field coupling to increase the phonon tunneling probability. We have performed analysis of near-field thermophotovoltaic devices with backside reflecting mirror and with tungsten gratings. We have predicted a large enhancement of electroluminescent refrigeration at a separation distance down to 10 nm due to near-field thermal radiation effect. A heat flux measurement system is developed to measure the near-field radiation in vacuum. We have fabricated doped Si plates separated by sparsely distributed posts to create a 200-800 nm vacuum gap. Our measurement results demonstrate that 11 times enhancement of near-field thermal radiation between parallel doped-Si plates with a lateral dimension 1 cm by 1 cm.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1376836
Report Number(s):
DOE-GATECH-ZHM2017
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-06ER46343
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; Nanostructures; doped silicon; graphene; gratings; metamaterials; near-field thermal radiation; nanoscale heat transfer; thermophotovoltaic; energy conversion

Citation Formats

Zhang, Zhuomin. Tailoring Thermal Radiative Properties with Doped-Silicon Nanowires. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1376836.
Zhang, Zhuomin. Tailoring Thermal Radiative Properties with Doped-Silicon Nanowires. United States. doi:10.2172/1376836.
Zhang, Zhuomin. 2017. "Tailoring Thermal Radiative Properties with Doped-Silicon Nanowires". United States. doi:10.2172/1376836. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376836.
@article{osti_1376836,
title = {Tailoring Thermal Radiative Properties with Doped-Silicon Nanowires},
author = {Zhang, Zhuomin},
abstractNote = {Aligned doped-silicon nanowire (D-SiNW) arrays form a hyperbolic metamaterial in the mid-infrared and have unique thermal radiative properties, such as broadband omnidirectional absorption, low-loss negative refraction, etc. A combined theoretical and experimental investigation will be performed to characterize D-SiNW arrays and other metamaterials for tailoring thermal radiative properties. Near-field thermal radiation between anisotropic materials with hyperbolic dispersions will also be predicted for potential application in energy harvesting. A new kind of anisotropic metamaterial with a hyperbolic dispersion in a broad infrared region has been proposed and demonstrated based on aligned doped-silicon nanowire (D-SiNW) arrays. D-SiNW-based metamaterials have unique thermal radiative properties, such as broadband omnidirectional absorption whose width and location can be tuned by varying the filling ratio and/or doping level. Furthermore, high figure of merit (FOM) can be achieved in a wide spectral region, suggesting that D-SiNW arrays may be used as a negative refraction material with much less loss than other structured materials, such as layered semiconductor materials. We have also shown that D-SiNWs and other nanostructures can significantly enhance near-field thermal radiation. The study of near-field radiative heat transfer between closely spaced objects and the electromagnetic wave interactions with micro/nanostructured materials has become an emerging multidisciplinary field due to its importance in advanced energy systems, manufacturing, local thermal management, and high spatial resolution thermal sensing and mapping. We have performed extensive study on the energy streamlines involving anisotropic metamaterials and the applicability of the effective medium theory for near-field thermal radiation. Graphene as a 2D material has attracted great attention in nanoelectronics, plasmonics, and energy harvesting. We have shown that graphene can be used to tailor the transmittance, reflectance, and absorptance of nanostructured materials. Furthermore, graphene can be used to enhance near-field coupling to increase the phonon tunneling probability. We have performed analysis of near-field thermophotovoltaic devices with backside reflecting mirror and with tungsten gratings. We have predicted a large enhancement of electroluminescent refrigeration at a separation distance down to 10 nm due to near-field thermal radiation effect. A heat flux measurement system is developed to measure the near-field radiation in vacuum. We have fabricated doped Si plates separated by sparsely distributed posts to create a 200-800 nm vacuum gap. Our measurement results demonstrate that 11 times enhancement of near-field thermal radiation between parallel doped-Si plates with a lateral dimension 1 cm by 1 cm.},
doi = {10.2172/1376836},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2017,
month = 8
}

Technical Report:

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